Gentleman's Magazine Library, 1731-1868
|English Topography Part III Derbyshire - Dorsetshire
[1793, Part II., p. 977.]
A few particulars collected by me, relating to the fine old church
of All Saints, at Chesterfield, may possibly prove acceptable
to such of your readers as have not seen it. It is very large,
and, greatly to the credit of the inhabitants, very clean.
The shape, that of the cross. From the middle, a massy tower
rises, adorned with pinnacles and double windows ; the spire
is of timber, and, from a strange fancy of the architect, crooked
; the angular flutings, if I may be allowed the term, wind
spirally from the base to the top, and are covered with lead.
The height from the ground to the vane, I was told, is 230
feet. A gentleman of Chesterfield, who has made many notes
relating to the antiquities of the town, informs me that "the
church at Chesterfield was given by Rufus to the cathedral
at Lincoln," the dean of which is now patron. Another
of this gentleman's notes says, the present building was dedicated
1232. The choir is handsomely pewed, and there are two large
galleries, and an excellent organ. In the south aisle there
is an arch containing a female figure, with angels supporting
the head ; the hands and other parts of it are defaced. I was
not successful in my inquiry who it was that is interred there.
A slab in the body of the church has a cross with a hammer
and pincers engraved on it. Near some large tombs to the Foljambes,
etc., stands a pedestal without an inscription, on which lies
a cushion richly embroidered ; a figure in complete armour
kneels on it in the attitude of prayer ;j his hands are broken
off; but it is plain they have been joined ;j but what renders
it worthy of remark is that the person's head appears to have
been shot off entirely from the mouth upwards, and the helmet
replaced lightly on the remaining part. Indeed it has so odd
an appearance, that I made a drawing of it, without consulting
which the description appears lame. It does not seem to belong
to any other monument near, and I could not arrive at any certainty
for whom it was intended as a memorial.
There are many other things worthy of notice in this majestic
fabric, which I shall leave till I have an opportunity of viewing
them again; and in the meantime send you three old epitaphs
1. CUTHBERT HUTCHINSON, vicar. sepult. quinto die Februarii,
2. Hic jacet Dn us Iohes Pypys, Capellanus gilde
Sansi Crucis, qui obiit vit° die mcncis Julii, ano
D'ni mill°. ... Cujus anime Omnipotens d. propiciet' Amen,"
On a brass plate in the south wall :
3. "Hic subtus tumulantux ossa dni Johis
Verdun quondam Rectoris de lyndeby in comitatu Nottinghamie
Ebor dioc Et Capellani cantarie scI Michaelis
Archangeli in ecclia paroch om scor
de Chesterfield qobiit scdo die mes
maii A dni M° d°xiiii° pro cui aIa
sic quess orate put pvris aI
abs orari voleur.
Yours, etc., J. P. MALCOLM.
[1794, Part I., pp. 15-17.]
I send you my notes taken at Chesterfield, co. Derby, in the summer
of 1789, if you deem them worthy of insertion in your useful
Yours, etc., R. G.
The nave rests on six pointed arches on clustered columns. centre
arches on four clustered columns.
In the north transept is a freestone altar-tomb for-
-Burgensis de Chesterfield, 1599.
His figure, and that of his wife, entire.
In the chancel, a priest cut in white stone, holding chalice.
Hic jacet dominus johespypys capellanus Gilde sce crucis qui obiit
viii. die mensis julii a° mill° xi xx [transcriber's
note xi above xx] Cujus aie de ...
Within the rails is a brass figure of a knight in armour and mail,
cropped hair, head in a helmet without crest, collar, sword, and
dagger on his gonfannons a bend between six escallops. Quarterly,
I, 2 on a bend five crosses patonce ; 3, a chevron between three
escallops. On his surcoat the same; the upper quarters hid. He
stands on a stag bearded and paned. His lady is in profile, in
the veil and low pointed head-dress of the fifteenth or sixteenth
century, having a chain and cross and cordon, a belt with three
roses on her surcoat faced with broad ermine. On her mantle, a
saltire with five amulets which shield, the only remaining one
of four on the slab, is impaled by his quartered coat. Under them
are seven sons and seven daughters.
In a south chapel is an altar-tomb of the Foljambes. A knight
and lady, brassless, on a blue slab without a ledge. On an alabaster
tomb with six pairs of knights under double canopies, viz., a lady
and two knights, knight and lady, knight and lady, knight and lady,
knight and lady. The knights have straight hair, helmet between
their feet, oblong shield notched. At feet, on a pedestal, a knight
and lady between two angels with shields. The north side hid by
At the foot of this, on a pedestal, a figure of a man in plated
armour, kneeling on a flowered cushion, the hands broken. On his
shoulders fixed a vizored head not belonging to it (see the Plate).
Against the east wall, a mural monument for Sir James Foljambe,
Knight of the Garter, eldest son of Sir Godfrey F., 1558, erected
by his nepos Godfrey. The inscription, in Latin, sets forth
that he married Alice, neptis and co-heir of William Fitzwilliams,
Earl of Southampton, and daughter of Thomas Fitzwilliams, of ...
edwarre; and Alice, daughter of Edward Litleton, of Staffordshire,
by whom he had a numerous issue.
He kneels on armour. Below, to the right, are
his wife and five daughters and one son; and to the left, three
sons and four daughters, Arms, G. on a bend argent, six crosses
[blank] 0. between az., a bend arg. between six escallops, impaling
lozenge G. and 0., a mullet of difference.
An alabaster figure of a knight in a double collar, ruff, piked
beard, bare head, plated armour, ruffles, sword, dagger, and
gauntlets in concord at side, helmet under head, with
a leg for a crest; a lion at his feet. A lady in a ruff, mantle,
standing cape, piked sleeves, her head on a flowered cushion,
her surcot in front buttoned to her chin, a dog at her feet.
On the ledge, on a fess three roundels ; a fess between three
leopards' faces; in a dexter canton, a rose; a cross engrailed
; a lion rampant; a saltire engrailed; on a pale, three lions passant
gardant ; a spread eagle.
At the head: three mascles in fesse ; a saltire, over all a label
of three points; a bend lozenge ; semée of nine cross crosslets
fitché, three gerbes.
On the south side : a bend and label of three points; semée
of nine cross crosslets, on a shield a cross potent; --- a chief;
lozengé ; a chevron between three escallops; on a bend five
crosses potent; a bend between six escallops.
At the head, Foljambe with quarterings impaling three heathcocks,
a chief dancette.
At the sides, in tablets :
FUGIT VEI.VT UMBRA.
VIGILATE ORATE NESCITIS QUANDO VENIT HORA-twice.
Foljambe, with quarterings. Against the east wall, a winding-sheet
on a bier, bones, spades, etc. ; and, above, Death between Age
In a cenotaph, a man in armour and his hair lying on a mat, a
lion at his feet. A lady in a ruff, stiff toupee, on a mat and
cushion, a skull at her feet. Above, a table uninscribed between
a female with a bird on her right hand, and another holding fruit
and flowers. Foljambe with quarterings and crest, and single. A
bend with a cross. A chevron between escallops.-Lozengé.
An armed figure, with a sword, helmet, and gauntlets, cut in the
stone, and this epitaph :
GEORGIUS FOLJAMBE NOMEN. ..
OCCUBUIT PLACIDE, etc.
In the window, a mitred fox in a pulpit preaching to geese and
a cock. Pegasus retiring behind :
Pes be here In.
A bear collared quartering three pheons. Arms of the first vicar
VOL. XIV. 3
||On the screen to the chancel, angels hold the instruments
of the passion: a lion and eagle.
On a slab for "Godfrey Heathcote, third son of Ralph, rector
of Morton, clerk of the peace for Derbyshire, fourteen years,
1773, 72; and his wife Dorothy, daughter of James Cooke, rector
of Barlbro', 1766, 63."
In the south chapel of the chancel, a rich tabernacle resting
on a bust, and on each side of the east window; a perk or pedestal
for an image.
Against the south end of the south transept is nailed a brass
thus inscribed :
Hic subt' humant' offa dni Johis Verdon quodam rectoris
de lyndeby in comiatu Notyngamie ebor doic Et Capellani
cantarie scI michaelis archangeli in ecclesia poch
om scor de chesterfield qi obiit scdo die
mes maii A° dni m° vc pcui
aIa sic queso orate put pvris aIabs
In the east window, 0. a cross potent, az. G. three lions passant
gardant 0. Barry 0. and G., In chief three torteauxes ; G. a cross
In the south aisle of the nave, between the first and second window
from the east and opposite Foljambe's seat, with arms and crest
in the south wall, is a stone figure of a priest, and this inscription,
as far as could be read* :
No bollbrdys [or bowbrdys] Godfray ffols B.
In the south aisle, a slab with a triple cross on steps between
a hammer and pincers.
* * * In the outer wall, next the road of a chapel, just out of
Hounslow, on the north, is inserted in a quatrefoil a shield with
the following coats quartered: I. a saltire between twelve cross
crosslets ; 2. a bend cottised charged with mullets between. ..;
3. a cross moline; 4, 5, 6. effaced. Round the shield an imperfect
inscription, in which may just be distinguished :
Moun ... Windsor.
In addition to what has been said of the church at Chesterfield,
and of the monuments in it, I present you a representation of the
figure whose head is so unaccountably mutilated. Surely no artist
could have erred so egregiously as to have replaced a broken head
in a manner so totally out of nature. As some chiselling was necessary
to fit on the new one, what could have been his motive for leaving
the old chin ? Possibly some modern restorer, imitating his predecessor,
may furnish him with a pair of old feet in place of his absent
hands. However, I do not mean to treat the subject lightly. What
has been said occurred on meeting an observation that it was a
mutilated statue, mended in the manner it now stands. If this be
* It has since been inclosed by pews, and mutilated. See the
next letter, -- EDIT
really the case, nothing can be more ridiculous,
or better calculated to raise a smile. As the whole is detached,
and the other monuments perfect, I cannot help thinking its history
worthy of investigation. If any of your correspondents should incline
to pursue the subject, I must observe that the knight appears to
me to have been too well carved to suppose that the original sculptor
was to blame (see Plate III., p. I).
Fig. 2 is the monument described in p. 977. It has been covered
with undisturbed dust, mats, and pews for many years, except,
at distant intervals, the curious traveller, or hardy antiquary
thrusts his adventurous face close upon it, in defiance of kneeling
cushions, ragged boards, and crooked nails. After all, he will
find room for his imagination. One would suppose, from the frequency
of pews built round and against monuments, that their preservation
was the motive. Unfortunately this is not the case, as many an
unlucky tomb evinces. I could have wished the pews in some other
situation when sketching the arch.
Figs. 3 and 4 are copied from seals in the possession of the Corporation
at Chesterfield. I had not time, or I should have drawn two or
three others, which were in excellent preservation and finely executed.
Fig. 3 is the seal to William Briwerr the younger's confirmation
of his father's grant to Chesterfield. In the reign of King John,
the town was incorporated in favour of W. Briwerr. Baldwin Wake,
by marrying the daughter of W. B., junior, obtained possession
of that borough. Fig. 4 belongs to Wake's grant to the borough
of Chesterfield, 22 Edw. I..
Yours, etc., J. P. MALCOLM.
[1819, Part 11., pp. 497, 498.]
The town of Chesterfield, county Derby, is supposed by Dr. Pegge
to have originated in a Roman station on the road from Derby
to York. It is noticed in Domesday Book as a bailiwick only,
belonging to Newbold, now a small hamlet at a short distance
from it on the north. After this period it rapidly increased.
A church, erected here towards the conclusion of the eleventh
century, was given by William Rufus to the Cathedral of Lincoln.
In the reign of John the manor was granted to William De Briwere
(or Bruere), his particular favourite, through whose influence
with the monarch the town was incorporated, and an annual fair,
of eight days' continuance, and two weekly markets obtained.
From the De Brueres it passed in marriage to the family of Wake,
and afterwards to Edward Plantagenet, Earl of Kent (who married
a female of that name), whose descendants continued possessors
for several generations. In the 26th Edward III. it was held
by John, second son of Edmund of Woodstock, and in 1386 by Sir
Thomas Holland, from whom it passed to the Nevilles. In the reign
of Queen Elizabeth it
belonged to George Earl of Shrewsbury, and afterwards
became the property of the Cavendishes by purchase, from whom it
descended ., to the present Duke of Portland, but has since passed,
in exchange; to the Duke of Devonshire. The Stanhopes, Earls of
Chesterfield derive their title from this town.
A battle was fought here in 1266 between Henry, nephew of King
Henry Ill., and Robert de Ferrers, the last Earl of Derby, who
was defeated, and was taken prisoner in the church, where he
had concealed himself. During the Civil Wars another battle was
fought here, in which the troops of the Parliament were defeated
by the Earl of Newcastle.
The church is a spacious and handsome building, but more particularly
remarkable for the appearance of its spire, which rises to the
height of 230 feet, and is so singularly twisted and distorted
that it seems to lean in whatever direction it may be approached.
I send a drawing of it (see Plate II. ), taken in a different point
of view from one already inserted in your Vol. LXIII., p. 977,
by Mr. Malcolm, in which page, and in Vol. LXIV., p. 17, will be
found several particulars relative to the church and the monuments
The best account of the Grammar School in this town will be found
in Mr. Carlisle's Endowed Schools," vol. i.
In the market-place is a neat town hall, built a few years ago,
under the direction of Mr. Carr, of York; on the ground-floor is
a gaol for debtors and a residence for debtors, and on the second-floor
a large room for holding the sessions, etc. Several almshouses
have been endowed in different parts of the town.
The present Corporation consists of a mayor, six aldermen, six
brethren, and twelve capital burgesses, assisted by a town clerk.
At the Castle Inn an elegant assembly-room was built a few years
The town contained in 1801 920 houses and 4,267 inhabitants. The
chief employments for the labouring classes are the ironworks in
the neighbourhood, the stocking manufacture, the potteries, a carpet
manufactory, and the making of shoes.*
Yours, etc., N. R. S.
* The above particulars are chiefly abridged from vol. iii. of
the Beauties of England and Wales."