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1841 Census, Parish of Matlock: Distribution of Occupations
Census transcripts for Matlock, Matlock Bath & District
 
6 June 1841
 
1841 Census
ED 13 ED 14 ED 15
ED 16 ED 17 ED 18
ED 19
Surnames A - B
Surnames C - G
Surnames H - L
Surnames M - R
Surnames S
Surnames T - Z
1841 Census Notes
Occupations in 1841


An examination of the occupations of those living in Matlock and District at the time of the 1841 census highlights some interesting distribution patterns across the seven Enumeration districts (EDs) belonging to the Parish of Matlock. There were 178 occupations found by the Enumerator in a total workforce of 1,474. The parish's population only numbered 3,782 at the time.
See: Miscellany: Nineteenth century expansion, population and councils

Immediately below is a list of the districts and a rough guide to the area covered. The offical description of each district in the parish can be found in the 1841 Census Index.

 

Other Census Years
1851 1861 1871
1881 1891 1901
Enumeration District (ED) Description of District, a rough guide
Enumeration District 13 Scarthin Nick, Cromford Market Place, Willersley
Enumeration District 14 Matlock [Bath] Independent Chapel to Fountain Bath, including Upperwood
Enumeration District 15 Matlock [Bath] from Fountain Bath to Matlock Dale [including Common Wood and Holt Lane]
Enumeration District 16 Matlock [Bank]
Enumeration District 17 Matlock, including part of Matlock Green, Cliff and Lumsdale with Matlock Mill, Lime Tree Lane, Hurst, Wold, Cuckoostone and Matlock Moor
Enumeration District 18 Part of Matlock Green, Cliff and Lumsdale with Matlock Town, Hearthstone, Riber, Low Leas, Little Moor
Enumeration District 19 Starkholmes, Willersley Lane, Bow Wood, Lea Bridge, Woodseats, Broad Meadow, Castle Top


If we look at the Count of Occupation by Enumeration District, shown in the table below, we can see that 75% of the Farmers and Ag Labs were living in the combined EDs of what was mostly Matlock (ED16, ED17, ED18). However, of those designated as Labourer, 41% were in Scarthin (ED13). Almost 57% of the parish's Cotton Spinners resided in Scarthin, too, yet there were 40 Frame Work Knitters on the Bank (ED16). This was over 83% of the total number of FWKs in the parish.

Female Servants outnumbered their Male counterparts by approximately 3 : 1 (see Servants, below). Not unexpectedly, nearly 48% of the total number of Female Servants were in Matlock Bath where the parish's seven Victuallers had businesses. Just under a third of those classed as Independents were in Matlock Bath, closely followed by the 28% residing in Scarthin. In the support occupations providing clothing and shoes there were 57 Shoemakers / Cordwainers, 27 Dressmakers or Tailors and 26 making hats or straw bonnets.

One of the limitations of the data is that it doesn't say if people were shopkeepers, though there were bakers, butchers, drapers, grocers and petrifactioners as well as one tobacco dealer and a tea dealer. Most of them would have also been shopkeepers.
(Compare the names in the EDs with those listed in Pigot's Directory, 1842 to see who were shopkeepers.)

Whilst the majority of occupations are the same as the census schedule, a number of spelling variants have been harmonised to produce a single entry, provided there is no ambiguity. The eagle eyed might notice one curious entry. Anthony Knowles of Holt Lane was initially a miner (see daughter's baptism), but became a Toll Contractor (see onsite wills calendars) though here his occupation reads Sh M. The entry is transcribed as Shoe M elsewhere, but in view of his occupation at other times this does not seem likely. Whilst the Enumerator may have made a mistake, no other shoemakers in Matlock and District are recorded as Sh M. Any suggestions are welcome.

Count of Occupation by Enumeration District

Occupation ED13 ED14 ED15 ED16 ED17 ED18 ED19 Total
Ag Lab3 8 1 64 5 17 2 100
Apprentice     2 1 1 10   14
Artist   3 1         4
Attorney 2 2
Attorneys Clerk 2 2
Baker1 2 2 5
Barytes M[anufacturer] 1 1
Basket Maker 1 1
Beerhouse Keeper 1 1
Bell H 3 3
Blacksmith3 3 4 2 12
Blacksmith Apprentice1 1
Bleach Yard 3 3
Bleacher 18 20 38
Block Maker 1 1
Boatman1 1
Boatsman3 2 5
Bookseller 1 2 3
Brewer 1 1
Builder 2 2
Bump Mill 4 4
Bump Winder 1 1
Butcher2 2 1 3 1 2 11
Butcher Ap[prentice] 1 1
Candlewick m[aker] 1 1
Carpenter 1 1
Carrier1 2 1 3 7
Carrier J[ourneyman]1 1
Chemist 1 1
Clergyman 1 1 2
Clerk3 1 1 1 6
Occupation ED13 ED14 ED15 ED16 ED17 ED18 ED19 Total
Clock Maker 1 1
Clothier 1 1
Coachman 1 1
Coal Miner 1 1
Collector1 1
Comb Maker 1 1
Contractor 1 1
Cooper1 1
Cordwainer 2 1 3
Cotton Bleacher 10 10
Cotton Dyer 1 1
Cotton factory 3 3
Cotton Mill 7 7
Cotton Spinner82 23 15 8 16 144
Cotton Weaver 1 1
Currier1 1
Currier A[pprentice]1 1
Dealer in Pots 1 1
Draper 1 2 3
Dress Maker6 2 1 5 14
Engine Tenter2 2
Engineer 2 2
Engraver 1 1
Factory Boy 1 1
Factory Girl 2 2
Farmer2 7 11 10 14 13 4 61
Farmer + butcher 1 1
Flax Dresser 1 1
Flax Spinner 5 5
Frame Smith 1 1
Frame Work Knitter1 40 7 48
Occupation ED13 ED14 ED15 ED16 ED17 ED18 ED19 Total
Game Keeper 1 1
Gardener2 6 1 3 1 4 17
Gardener J[ourneyman]1 1
Gilder 1 1
Governess 1 4 5
Grocer2 3 1 3 1 10
Hat M[aker] 2 2
Hatter6 2 5 2 6 21
Hatter J[ourneyman]2 2
Hawker 1 1 2
Hirier [Publican??] 1 1
Horse keeper2 2
Hosier 1 1
Hostler1 1
Ind39 41 9 25 10 9 2 135
Ind/Minister 1 1
Independent 1 1
Inn Keeper 3 3
J Saddler 2 2
J.M. [Journeyman?] 1 1
J[ourneyman] 1 1
Joiner7 5 5 3 6 26
Joiner + Publican1 1
Joiner A[pprentice]2 2
Labourer48 13 12 22 18 4 117
Lead Miner16 4 2 1 23
Lead Miner + Sawyer1 1
Lead Smelter 1 1
Lime Burner 1 1
Linen Weaver 1 1
Occupation ED13 ED14 ED15 ED16 ED17 ED18 ED19 Total
Maltster 1 1
Manufacturer 1 1
Marble Mason3 14 3 20
Mason1 7 3 11
Mason Apprentice 1 1
Merchant2 6 1 9
Mill Owner 1 1
Miller2 1 1 5 3 12
Milliner 1 1 2
Millwright 1 1 2
Miner2 1 12 15
Mineralogist 1 1
Minister1 1
Officer of Excise 1 1
Ostler 4 4
P? 1 1
Paint Grinder 1 1 2
Painter 1 2 1 4
Paper Finisher 3 3
Paper Maker1 9 1 11
Paper Mill2 2
Parish Apprentice 1 1
Paste Maker 1 1
Pasteboard Maker 2 2
Pensioner Army 2 2
Petrifactioner1 1
Plasterer 2 1 1 4
Plater 1 1
Plumber + Glazier 2 2
Post Boy 6 6
Post Master 3 3
Post Mistress 1 1
Publican1 2 2 2 5 12
Occupation ED13 ED14 ED15 ED16 ED17 ED18 ED19 Total
Saddler 2 3 5
Saddler Apprentice 1 1
Sawyer2 1 2 1 6
School Master 1 1 2
School Mistress 2 1 3
School Teacher2 2
Servant 1 1 2
Servant, Female : F.S. 20 78 22 9 13 19 2 163
Servant, Male : M.S. 7 22 8 6 4 7 54
Sh M [sic] 1 1
Shoe2 2
Shoe Maker4 8 1 18 3 11 2 47
Shoe Maker Apprentice1 1 3 5
Shoe Maker Journeyman1 1
Shop Keeper 1 1 2
Shop Woman 1 1
Silk Dealer 1 1
Silk Throwster 1 1
Slater 2 4 1 7
Smelter 1 1
Solicitor1 1
Spar Man 1 1
Spar Turner 3 2 5
Spectacle M[aker] 1 1
Spinner 3 3
Stocking Weaver1 1
Stockinger 1 1
Stone Cutter 1 4 5
Stone Getter 1 1
Stone Mason 2 6 8
Stone Masson 1 1
Straw Bonnet Maker 1 1
Occupation ED13 ED14 ED15 ED16 ED17 ED18 ED19 Total
Surgeon 3 2 1 5
Surgeon Ap[prentice] 1 1
Swaler 1 1
Tailor2 5 3 3 13
Tape Mill 3 3
Tape Weaver 2 2
Tea Dealer 1 1
Thatcher 1 1
Tobacco Dealer 1 1
Toll Br Keeper 1 1
Toll Taker 1 1
Traveller 1 1
Victualler 7 7
Washerwoman 3 3
Watchman 1 1
Weaver 1 2 3
Wheelwright1 1 1 1 1 5
White Smith 1 1
Widow 2 2
Wool Carder 1 1
Grand Total306 367 101 314 156 192 38 1474


Also see (external links, so will open in a new page):
The Instructions to the Enumerators from the 1841 Census
A Vision of Britain through Time is an excellent website. There is a section on Occupations found in the 1841 census


With grateful thanks to Andy Andrews for his help in producing the above table.