of the occupations of those living in Matlock and District at
the time of the 1841 census highlights some interesting distribution
patterns across the seven Enumeration districts (EDs) belonging
to the Parish of Matlock. There were 178 occupations found by
the Enumerator in a total workforce of 1,474. The
parish's population only numbered 3,782 at the time.
See: Miscellany: Nineteenth century expansion, population and councils
Immediately below is a list of the districts and a rough guide
to the area covered. The offical description of each district
in the parish can be found in the 1841 Census
|Enumeration District (ED)
||Description of District, a rough guide
||Scarthin Nick, Cromford Market Place, Willersley
||Matlock [Bath] Independent Chapel to Fountain Bath, including
||Matlock [Bath] from Fountain Bath to Matlock Dale [including
Common Wood and Holt Lane]
||Matlock, including part of Matlock Green, Cliff
and Lumsdale with Matlock Mill, Lime Tree Lane, Hurst, Wold,
Cuckoostone and Matlock Moor
||Part of Matlock Green, Cliff and Lumsdale with
Matlock Town, Hearthstone, Riber, Low Leas, Little Moor
||Starkholmes, Willersley Lane, Bow Wood, Lea Bridge, Woodseats,
Broad Meadow, Castle Top
If we look at the Count of Occupation by Enumeration
District, shown in the table below, we can see that 75% of the Farmers
and Ag Labs were living in the combined EDs of what was mostly Matlock
(ED16, ED17, ED18). However, of those designated as Labourer,
41% were in Scarthin (ED13). Almost 57% of the parish's Cotton
Spinners resided in Scarthin, too, yet there were 40 Frame Work
Knitters on the Bank (ED16). This was over 83% of the total number
of FWKs in the parish.
Female Servants outnumbered their Male counterparts by approximately
3 : 1 (see Servants, below). Not unexpectedly, nearly 48% of the
total number of Female Servants were in Matlock Bath where the
parish's seven Victuallers had businesses. Just under a third of
those classed as Independents were in Matlock Bath, closely followed
by the 28% residing in Scarthin. In the support occupations providing
clothing and shoes there were 57 Shoemakers / Cordwainers,
27 Dressmakers or Tailors and 26 making hats or straw bonnets.
One of the limitations of the data is that it doesn't say if
people were shopkeepers, though there were bakers, butchers, drapers,
grocers and petrifactioners as well as one tobacco dealer and a
tea dealer. Most of them would have also been shopkeepers.
(Compare the names in the EDs with those listed in Pigot's
Directory, 1842 to see who were shopkeepers.)
Whilst the majority of occupations are the same as the census schedule,
a number of spelling variants have been harmonised to produce a
single entry, provided there is no ambiguity. The eagle eyed might
notice one curious entry.
Anthony Knowles of Holt Lane was initially a miner (see daughter's
baptism), but became a Toll Contractor (see onsite
though here his occupation reads Sh M. The entry is transcribed
as Shoe M elsewhere, but in view of his occupation at other times
this does not seem likely. Whilst the Enumerator may have made a mistake,
no other shoemakers in Matlock and District are recorded as Sh M.
Any suggestions are welcome.