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The Seventeenth Century:
Hearth Tax, 1670*

Hearth Tax assessments for Matlock are included under the entries for the Wirksworth Hundred and are in lists nos. 25 to 29
(transcripts - "Derbyshire Hearth Tax Assessments*", pp.188-190).
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In 1670 one hundred and twenty Matlock households paid the annual tax which was levied on the number of fire hearths they had. This was also referred to as "chimney money".

Sonia W Addis-Smith has contributed the following explanatory notes and the alphabetical list of names:

The Hearth Tax (or "Chimney Money") was in place from 1662 to 1689, as a useful source of national revenue. People paid 2 shillings a year for each hearth assessed. It was paid in two equal instalments, on Ladyday (25th March) and Michaelmas (29th September), by the occupier of the property, or owner if it was vacant. It was an extremely unpopular tax and led to rioting in some parts of the country, but not in Derbyshire. In the early days of the tax, people tried to avoid the payments by blocking up their chimneys and claiming exemption certificates for them. For Wirksworth, the records contain a list of 40 people whose wealth was "not sofishant" for them to pay the tax. The Assessment lists are now very useful to Genealogists, giving lists of all householders, village by village, living in Derbyshire in the 1660s.

The list of Matlock people below has been resorted into alphabetical order, for ease of Genealogical searching. The figure following each name is the number of hearths or chimneys.

Surname Christian Name Number of Hearths
ADDAMS, George - 3
ADDAMS, William - 1
ALBOT, Thomas - 1
ALLCROFT, Henry - 3
ALLSOP, -----, Widow - 1
ASH, William - 1
BADSLEY, John - 3
BALL, Roger - 1
BECKE, John - 4
BENNET, William - 1
BOADON, Christopher - 1
BOLLINGTON, Anthony - 2
BOWDEN, John, sen. - 1
BOWDEN, John, jun. - 2
BOWNE, Adam - 1
BOWNE, Anthony - 1
BOWNE, Henry, jun. - 1
BOWNE, Henry - 1
BOWNE, John, Lin tree [sic] - 2
BOWNE, Raphe - 3
BOWNE, Thomas - 1
BRADLEY, George - 1
BRADWELL, Edward - 1
BROCKSHAW, Francis - 1
BUNTINGE, Anthony - 2
BUNTINGE, Edmund - 1
BUNTINGE, Henry - 1
BUNTINGE, Luce - 2
BUNTINGE, Robert - 1
BUNTINGE, Robert - 1
BUNTINGE, William - 1
CARLILE, Thomas - 1
CLIFFE, Robert - 3
COCKAYNE, John - 5
COLUMBELL, Francis - 2
FLINT, Henry - 1
FLINT, Thomas - 1
GRANGER, Widow - 3
GRAYNORE, Henry - 1
HASLEAM, Anthony - 1
HASLEAM, Edward - 2
HASLEAM, John - 2
HEATH, William - 1
HENSTOCKE, Edward, jun. - 1
HENSTOCKE, Edward, sen. - 1
JACKSON, William - 1
JOANES, -----, Widow - 1
JOHNES, -----, Widow - 1
JOHNSON, Anthony - 1
JOHNSON, Samuel - 1
KNOWLES, Henry - 1
KNOWLES, John - 1
KNOWLS, John - 4
KNOWLES, Thomas - 1
LACY, Henry - 1
LUDLAM, Thomas - 1
MARCHANT, Thomas - 1
MARSHALL, George - 1
MARTIN, John - 3
MARTIN, William - 1
MILLINGTON, William - 1
MOMFORD, Francis - 2
OATES, Robert - 2
OATES, William - 1
OGDEN, George - 1
OSLEY, John - 1
OXLEY, Henry - 1
OXLEY, Joan - 1
PARKER, Thomas - 1
Parsonage house, - 5
PERKINS, Henry - 1
PIDCOCKE, William, sen. - 1
PIDCOCKE, William, jun. - 1
PRINCE, Mathew - 1
RAGG, Adam - 1
RAGG, Henry - 3
RAGG, Rowland - 2
RAWSON, Anthony - 2
RAWSON, Edmund - 3
SHEPARD, Henry Shepard - 2
SMITH, John - 2
SPENCER, Edmund - 1
STEERE, Thomas - 1
STEVESON, William - 4
STONE, James - 1
TAYLOR, Anthony - 1
TAYLOR, George - 3
TAYLOR, John - 1
TAYLOR, Thomas - 1
THORPE, Adam - 1
TIPINGE, Robert - 1
TOMKINSON, Thomas - 1
TRUNER, William - 2
WALKER, -----, Mrs - 3
WALKER, Edmund - 1
WALKER, John - 4
WALKER, Thomas - 1
WARD, John - 3
WARD, John - 1
WARD, Robert - 1
WARD, Thomas - 1
WARD, Widow - 2
WATS, William - 2
WHITACKRE, -----, Widow - 1
WIGLEY, Henry, Mr - 4
WIGLEY, John - 2
WILD, -----, Mr - 1 increase
WINFIELD, Anthony - 1
WOOD, Thomas - 1
WOODDEN, Stephen - 3
WOODDISE, Henry - 1
WOODWARD, Anthony - 1
WOODWARD, Thomas - 4
WOOLLEY, Adam - 3
WOOLLEY, Anthony, gent. - 10, and for the Milne - 1
WOOLLEY, John, sen. - 3
WOOLLEY, Samuel - 1
WRIGHT, William - 4
YOUNGE, Adam - 1



*Extracted from: Edwards, David G. (edited by) (1982) "Derbyshire Heath Tax Assessments 1662 - 70" pub. Derbyshire Record Society Volume VII.
Transcripts © The Derbyshire Record Society are reproduced here with the very kind permission of Philip Riden
There's an onsite link for the The Derbyshire Record Society see (under Derbyshire)
Hearth Tax Assessments © Crown Copyright. See link to Copyright at the National Archive