General View from Jackson Tor
|Matlock : Twentieth Century Photographs, Postcards,
Engravings & Etchings
The photographer would have been standing close to the sharp bend
in Cavendish Road, then called Bent Lane, to capture this shot.
The card dates from between 1899 and 1910 or so. It is harder
to be more accurate with the date but the football stand, seemingly
slightly more substantial that in other pictures as it is shown
with a back, was still on the Hall Leys and the park had not
yet been developed. The bandstand had not been built. Below Snitterton
Road are signs of quarrying.
In the foreground is Smedley's Church (on the extreme
left) and the steep roof of All Saints' Church is unmistakable.
Jackson House Hydro (bottom, centre) is seen, unusually, from the
rear of the building. The Jackson Road hydro, which
was known as Abbey Hotel in the 1950s, was later renamed Jackson
Tor House. It was opened by George and Martha Barton in 1857;
the couple were former employees of John Smedley and their son
later built Lilybank Hydro. Their neighbour was George Davis at
Tor House Hydro (to the left of Jackson House, and in line with
Leonard Bramwell took over from the Bartons.
The hotel finally closed in 2003 and has been converted into flats.
If you follow the roof line of the hydro you can see a wide bend
in the road where Smedley Street meets Wolley Road. The large house
in the crook of the bend was called "The
Terrace". It was split into two halves, with the Reverend
John Higgs (d.1895) in one half and the Collinsons in the other.
Charles Collinson (d.1897) was said to have been a quiet philanthropist
and a supporter of All Saints' Church.
There is a brass chancel screen in All Saints' church in his memory,
given by his daughter Maud. In an essay about the Collinsons, Joyce
Copeland mentions his connection to the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
James Collinson, Charles' brother, was a founder member of the
group and was for a time engaged to Christina Rossetti, the poetess.
Dorothy Fairey was running the Derwent Hotel
Her husband, George Frederick Fairey of the Abbey Hotel, died
their hotel was sold.
The distinctive tower on the left hand block has an overhanging
1. "General View, Matlock, from Matlock Bank", National
Series. The card was posted in 1921. Postcard in the collection of
and provided by and © Susan Tomlinson.
2. Advertisement for the Abbey Hotel from "The
Matlocks, Derbyshire", published about 1950 and printed
by Geo. Hodgkinson, Printer, Matlock. Image Ann Andrews collection.
Researched, written by and © Ann Andrews.
Intended for personal use only
links are to transcripts or more information elsewhere on this web
both the 1861 Census and the
first listing of Jackson House in Kelly's
Directory, 1864 (under Matlock Bank).
 George Davis is shown as a hydropathic
practitioner in the 1871 census and
Kelly's Directory 1876. Tor
House Hydro was still open at the beginning of the Second World
War (Derby Daily Telegraph, 2 November 1939 - William Davis
fined 10/- for failing to obscure lights) but did not advertise
in Kelly's 1942 Directory. The building was eventually demolished.
 Kelly's Directories of 1908 | 1912 | 1916 show
Leonard Bramwell at Jackson House and George Davis at Tor House.
 Charles Collinson and the Rev John
Higgs can be found at The Terrace in Kelly's
Directory 1876 | Kelly's
Directory 1891 | Kelly's
Directory 1895. Miss Collinson lived at The Terrace after her
father's death - see Kelly's
Directory 1899. The Collinsons can also be found in various
census returns: the 1871 census | the
1881 census (John Higgs was next door) | the
1891 census | the 1901
census (Mary Maud Collinson). Mary Maud Collinson died on 18th
 "Derbyshire Times",
1 May 1897. Obituary notice for Charles Collinson.
 Mitchell, Ian (ed.) (2002) "A
Matlock Bank Miscellany, Essays by Members of the All Saints' Local
History Group". Article by Joyce Copeland.
 See: Matlock
Bridge, Pic Tor Walk, 1909.
 London Gazette, 30 November