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The Pig of Lead Inn, Via Gellia, Matlock Bath, 1903

Via Gellia, Derbyshire

(includes another quote from Henry Moore)

Matlock extracts from Moore's Guide Book

Via Gellia, shown on
Firth's 1908 map

This view of the Pig of Lea was taken between 1903 and 1907. On the left are the ruined remains of a former paint mill, with a large millpond adjacent to the road. The pond, which doesn't appear to have much water in it, was and still is one of a number in the Via Gellia valley. Hidden amongst the trees behind the inn is Shining Tor and on the opposite hillside, where the road disappears around the corner, is Middleton Wood.

Via Gellia Road connects Cromford and Newhaven, and at the beginning of the twentieth century took a great deal of traffic on high days and holidays. The Via Gellia had been a popular place to visit on the tourist route from Matlock Bath for many years, but on this image there is not a brake or a wagonette in sight; the only people in the picture are sitting outside the inn.

The road's newly laid surface was part of the Via Gellia Improvement Scheme. At the end of 1902 Derbyshire County Council agreed to pay £100 for improvements, covering amongst other things the purchase of land so the road could be widened near the Pig of Lead, the cost of making the road and the kerbed footway[1]. In June 1903 Bonsall Council's General Purposes Committee recommended advertising for tenders[2]. An advertisement dated 10 June 1903 was placed in the local newspapers by Frederick Hartle, the Surveyor, and invited tenders to remove old buildings, to build a new wall and outbuildings and "making" the road-way in the Via Gellia[3]. The following month it was announced that the contract had been awarded to Mr. Clarence Pearson of Bonsall Dale[4].

Enlargement of the derelict buildings opposite the Pig of Lead. An old carriage and a cart are stored
amongst the ruins. On the right is the new wall and pavement built with the County Council money.

Henry Moore described the Via Gellia and the area around the Pig of Lead in one of the excursions he took from Matlock Bath in 1818[5]:

"The road [from Cromford] now follows the winding of the dale, by the side of a rivulet, on which are a succession of mills and small cascades. ...

Coming to the Pig of Lead, public house, to the left is the Via Gellia : on the right is the village of Bonsall : some cottages are curiously situated half way up a steep eminence on the right, that will excite note from their singular appearance. ...

After passing an old mill at the entrance of the Via Gellia, and looking down the dale, we have a view that is well adapted for drawing. The mill (which is called Bonsal mill) is extremely picturesque, it is an overshot wheel, and the water is conveyed over the road to it by a small wooden aqueduct ; a bold rocky hill enriched with trees, forms an interesting background ; these parts combine with considerable effect, in producing a pleasing whole".

The "small wooden aqueduct" Moore mentions, crossing the road from behind the Pig of Lead buildings, was shown as a line on the 1:2,500 Ordnance Survey County Map of Derbyshire of 1880; it went from behind the Pig of Lead and the house next door across to the mill on the other side.

In 1884 the aqueduct's existence was again mentioned when news reported from Bonsall spoke of "destructive overflows, the stream coming down from the Via Gellia being swollen ... damage to merino factory ..The culvert bringing the water down from Bonsall also became stopped up, and a fearful mass of water poured right through the Pig of Lead Inn at the bottom of Clatter Way[6]".

The aqueduct is also shown on a Francis Frith image, "The Pig of Lead Inn" at Via Gellia, that was first published in 1892[7] but it is not shown on the 1899 map, although the mill buildings were still standing at that time. They would undoubtedly have then been either neglected or just ruins, before any work started to improve the road.

"Via Gellia, Matlock". Raphael Tuck & Sons O'er Hill and Dale Post Card. Posted 24 Mar 1907 in Matlock and Sent from Matlock B Hydro "Beautiful Scenery".
In the collection of and provided by and © Ann Andrews.
Information researched, written by and © Ann Andrews.
Intended for personal use only.

References (coloured links are to transcripts or more information elsewhere on this web site):

[1] "Derbyshire Times", 19 November 1902.

[2] "Derbyshire Times", 13 June 1903. The Via Gellia Improvement. Bonsall Council Take it in Hand.

[3] This advertisement was published in the "Derbyshire Times", 13 June 1903.

[4] "Derbyshire Times", 11 July 1903. Clarence Pearson was a young stone mason who lived in the Dale at Bonsall (1901 census). He was born in Matlock Bath and can be found living there in the 1881 census.

[5] "Picturesque Excursions From Derby to Matlock Bath, and its Vicinity ; Being a Descriptive Guide to the Most Interesting Scenery and Curiosities in that Romantic District, With Observations Thereon", by Henry Moore (1818), published by H. Moore, Drawing Master; Printed by T. Wilkinson, Ridgefield, Manchester. This quote from Excursion to Bonsal, Via Gellia, Middleton, Wirksworth and Cromford Moor (from Matlock Bath) pp.102-103

[6] "Derby Daily Telegraph", 4 February 1884. The Floods in Derbyshire.

[7] Although the web mistress owns a copy of Francis Frith's image "The Pig of Lead Inn at Via Gellia" it is not published on the web site.