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The Gentleman's Magazine Library, 1731-1868
English Topography Part III Derbyshire - Dorsetshire
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[Page 7]

HISTORY.

A.D. 873, Repton was the head winter-quarters of the Danes.

A.D. 918, Derby taken from the Danes by Ethelfleda by storm.

A.D. 942, Derby (which with the towns of Leicester, Lincoln, Stamford and Nottingham, had been restored to the Danes, thence denominated Fif Burghers) taken by Edmund.

A. D. 1215, Bolsover and Peak Castles, taken from the Barons in arms against King John by William de Ferrars, Earl of Derby.

A.D. 1261, at Chesterfield, Robert Ferrars, last Earl of Derby, defeated by Henry, son of the King of the Romans.

A.D. From 1568 to 1584, at Wingfield, Chatsworth, Buxton and Hardwick, Mary Queen of Scots confined under the custody of the Earl of Shrewsbury. The Shrievalty of this county disjoined from that of Nottinghamshire.

A. D. 1642, August, Charles I. marched to Derby, after raising his standard at Nottingham against the Parliamentarians. November, Royalists driven from Wirksworth and the Peak by Sir John Gell, who shortly afterwards took Bretby House, which had been fortified by its owner, the Earl of Chesterfield, for the king.

A.D. 1643, January, at Swarkston Bridge, Royalists under Colonel Hastings driven from their entrenchments, and Swarkston House, Sir John Harpur's, taken by Sir John Gell. April, Sutton House, defended by its owner Lord Deincourt for the king, taken by Colonel Thomas Gell, brother of Sir John. May, near Chesterfield, Parliamentarians defeated by the Earl (afterwards Duke) of Newcastle. December, South Winfield manor-house garrisoned by the Parliamentarians, after three days' siege, stormed by the Earl (afterwards Duke) of Newcastle.

A.D. 1644, February, near Ashbourne, Royalists defeated, and 170 taken prisoners by the Parliamentarians. March, on Egginton Heath, Royalists defeated by a detachment from Sir John Gell's army, commanded by Major Molanus and Captain Rhodes. August 20th, South Winfield manor-house, after a siege of above a month by the Parliamentarians under the Earl of Denbigh, Lord Grey of Groby, and Sir John Gell (during which the Royalist Governor, Colonel Dalby, was slain, and Colonel Hastings repulsed in an effort to relieve it), surrendered by Sir John Fitzherbert to Sir John Gell. August, Staveley House and Bolsover Castle taken by the Parliamentarians under Major-General Crawford.

A.D. 1645, August, at Sudbury and at Ashbourne, Sir John Gell defeated in skirmishes with Charles I. September and October, Chatsworth under its Royalist Governor, Colonel Shalcross, successively defended against Colonel Molanus and the Parliamentarians.

A.D. 1659, at Derby an insurrection against Richard Cromwell.

[Page 8]

A.D. 1688, at Whittington, the Duke of Devonshire, the Earl of Danby (afterwards Duke of Leeds), Sir John D'Arcy, and others, met and concerted the Revolution ; solemnly commemorated in 1788, and a sermon preached by the venerable Dr. Pegge.

A.D. 1745, December 4th, Prince Charles Edward Stuart, with his army, about 7,100 men, entered Derby, their nearest approach to London; halted on the 5th ; commenced their retreat towards Scotland on the 6th.

A.D. 1817, at South Winfield, June 9th, commenced a miserable insurrection to overthrow the constitution. The insurgents proceeded towards Nottingham, but near that town were speedily dispersed by the military, and three of the ringleaders, Jeremiah Brandreth, William Turner, and Isaac Ludlam, were executed at Derby, November 7th.

BIOGRAPHY.

Agard, Arthur, antiquary, Foston, 1540.
Ashburne, Thomas, opponent of Wickliffe, Ashbourne (flourished 1382).
Babington, Anthony, conspirator against Elizabeth, Dethick (executed 1586).
Bage, Edward, novelist, Darley, 1728.
Bagshaw, William, Nonconformist divine and author, Litton, 1628.
Blackwall, Anthony, schoolmaster, 1674.
Bott, Thomas, divine, Derby, 1688.
Brindley, James, canal engineer, Tunsted, 1716.
Buxton, Jedediah, calculator, Elmeton, 1707.
Cockain, Sir Aston, poet, Ashbourne, 1606.
Coke, George, Bishop of Hereford, Trusley (died about 1650).
Coke, Sir John, Secretary of State, Trusley (died 1644).
Curson, Roger, cardinal, Pope's legate, Croxall, temp Henry III.
Denman, Thomas, physician and accoucheur, Bakewell, 1733.
Farneworth, Ellis, translator, Bonteshall, about 1710.
Fitzherbert, Sir Anthony, judge, author of "De Natura Brevium," Norbury, about 1470.
Fitzherbert, Nicholas, biographer of Cardinal Allen, Norbury (drowned 1612).
Fitzherbert, Thomas, Jesuit, polemic writer, Norbury, died 1640.
Flamsteed, John, astronomer, Derby, 1646.
Gray, William, Bishop of Ely, Lord Treasurer, Codnor (died 1478).
Halifax, Samuel, Bishop of St. Asaph, Chesterfield, 1730.
Hardwick, Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury, foundress of Chatsworth and Hardwick, Hardwick, 1520.

[Page 9]

Hierom, John, Nonconformist divine and author, Stapenhill, 1608.
Hutton, William, antiquarian tourist, Derby, 1723.
Linacre, Thomas, founder of College of Physicians, Derby, 1460.
Oldfield, John, Nonconformist divine and author, near Chesterfield,1627.
Pegge, Samuel, antiquary, Chesterfield, 1704.
Pursglove, Robert, suffragan Bishop of Hull, Tideswell (1579).
Richardson, Samuel, novelist, 1689.
Seward, Anna, poet, Eyam, 1747.
Shaw, Samuel, Nonconformist divine and author, Repton, 1635.
Stanhope, George, Dean of Canterbury, theologian, Hartshorn, 1660.
Stathom, John, author of "Abridgment of the Laws," temp. Henry VI.
Strutt, Jedediah, mechanist, Normanton, 1726.
Swetman, Thomas, Nonconformist divine and author, Derby.
Tallents, Francis, divine, author of " Chronological Tables," Pelsley, 1619.
Waste, Joan, blind woman, martyr, Derby, burnt 1555.
Willoughby, Sir Hugh, naval discoverer, Risley, 16th century.
Woodward, John, physician and naturalist, 1665.
Wood, John, Nonconformist divine and author, Chesterfield (died 1690).
Wright, Joseph, landscape painter, Derby, 1734.

EMINENT NATIVES.

Abney, Sir Thomas, Lord Mayor, one of the founders of Bank of England, Willesley, 1639.
Ashe, John, dissenting divine, biographer of Bagshaw's "Apostle of the Peak," Metcalf.
Ashton, Charles, master of Jesus College, Cambridge, scholar, Bradway, 1665.
Bancroft, Thomas, satiric and epigrammatic poet, Swarkston.
Billingsley, John, presbyterian divine, author on Popery and Schism, Chesterfield.
Blount, Sir Walter, standard-bearer to Henry IV., Barton Blount (slain at Shrewsbury, 1403).
Blount, Walter, Lord Mountjoy, K.G., High Treasurer to Edward IV., Barton Blount.
Blythe, Geoffry, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, Norton (died 1534).

[Page 10] Blythe, John, Bishop of Salisbury, Norton (died 1500)
Bothe, John, Bishop of Exeter, Sawley.
Bothe, Lawrence, Archbishop of York, Sawley.
Bourne, Samuel, dissenting divine and author, Derby, 1647.
Butler, William, physician, 1726.
Cavendish, William, Duke of Newcastle, loyal hero, author on horsemanship, Bolsover, 1593.
Cockaine, Sir John, Chief Baron to Henry IV., Ashbourne.
Cockaine, Sir Thomas, author on hunting, Ashboume (died 1592).
Croshawe, Richard, benefactor, Derby (died 1625).
Dethick, Sir Gilbert, Garter King at Arms to Edward VI., Derby.
Dethick, Sir William, Garter King at Arms to Elizabeth, Derby.
Fitzherbert, Sir William, first bart author on revenue laws, Tissington.
Gell, Anthony, founder of school and almshouse, Wirksworth (died 1583).
Gell, Sir John, Parliamentarian general, Wirksworth (died 1671).
Harrison, Ralph, dissenter, author of "Sacred Harmony," Chinley (died 1810).
Horne, William Andrew, murderer, hanged 1759, Butterley, 1685.
Johnson, Christopher, physician, Kiddersley (flor. 16 cent.).
Johnson, Michael, bookseller, father of Dr. Samuel Johnson, Crebley, 1656.
Kniveton, Saintloc, antiquary.
Mundy, Francis Noel Clarke, poet of "Needwood Forest," Markeaton.
Newton, William, carpenter, poet, Wardlow, 1755.
Oldfield, Joshua, presbyterian divine and author, Carsington, 1656.
Outram, William, divine and scholar, author on sacrifices, 1625.
Port, Sir John, founder of Repton School, Etwall.
Robinson, Benjamin, presbyterian divine, author on the Trinity, Derby, 1666.
Rodes, Francis, judge, Stavely, Woodthorpe (flor. 1585)
Shirley, Sir Hugh, warrior, Shirley (slain at Shrewsbury).
Shirley, Sir Ralph, warrior at Agincourt, Shirley.
Taylor, Martha, fasting damsel, Over Haddon (died 1684)
Vernon, Sir George, hospitable and munificent King of the Peak, Haddon (died 1565).
Vernon, Sir Henry, Governor to Prince Arthur, Haddon (flor. temp. Henry VII. ).
Vernon, Sir Richard, Speaker to Parliament at Leicester in 1425, Haddon.
[Page 11] Vernon, Sir Richard, the last person who held the high office of Constable of England for life, Haddon.
Watson, Henry, first manufacturer of ornaments of fluor-spar, Bakewell, 1714.
Wilmot, Sir Edward, physician to George II. and George III., first bart., Chaddesden, 1693.
Wilmot, Sir John Eardley, Chief Justice of Common Pleas, Ormaston (died 1792).


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