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A selection of photographs, prints and postcards. Some have personal or family connections
Cromford: The Village

The village of Cromford is now part of the Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage site. This view of it was possibly taken in the mid to late 1940s and looks down the lower slopes of Cromford Hill towards the Market Place, which was built in the late eighteenth century by Sir Richard Arkwright[1]. On the right is Victoria Terrace, a row of eight three storey mill houses. Just beyond them, with their front doors opening directly onto the street, are more mill workers' homes although these were built somewhat earlier, at a similar time to the Market Place.

The road to Bonsall and the Via Gellia goes off to the left, just past where the small car is parked. Further away is the crossroads, where the roads to Matlock Bath, to Derby and to Lea and Holloway converge.

The two buses were North Westerns, but the destination of the one seemingly about to ascend Cromford Hill cannot be read.

In 1884 Edward Bradbury, having climbed Stonnis (or Black Rocks), looked down on the village. "Right down in the hollow at our feet nestles Cromford. The sun flashes bright beams from the Arkwright mills. There is the church and the river bridge, and the Derwent, now a band of silver, in the meadows, now lost among the trees, then radiant in the valley again, and anon absorbed by the woods of Alderwasley ...".[2] Bradbury was just one of several guide book writers to describe the village's setting. The Simpsons mention that the "market town is noted for its fine scenery in the Derwent Valley and for its association with Sir Richard Arkwright".[3]

"The Village, Cromford". Published by F. Frith and Co. Ltd., Reigate, CMO 6. Not posted.
Postcard in the collection of and provided by and © Ann Andrews. The image was originally elsewhere on this web site.
Researched, written by and © Ann Andrews. Intended for personal use only.


[1] The Derwent Valley Mills and their Communities", published by The Derwent Valley Mills Partnership, Matlock, Derbyshire, 2001. ISBN 0-9541940-0-4
[2] "Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald", 4 June 1884.
[3] Simpsons' "Selection of Derbyshire Beauty Spots, No. 2, Matlock area", no date but late 1940s - early 1950s.

In the Matlock section of the website:
There is a pedigree for the Arkwright family
Details of the Arkwright Coat of Arms
Descendants are named in various Matlock directories and census returns elsewhere onsite.
Matlock & Matlock Bath's War Memorials, which includes Scarthin's memorial

Extract from "The Beauties of England and Wales"
(1802), written shortly after his death, which describes of cotton manufacturing and has more on the mills, Willersley Castle (plus an engraving), Sir Richard Arkwright and the area surrounding Willersley.

Willersley Castle, 1802 engraving

Willersley Castle

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Cromford Trade Directories

Arkwright & His Cotton Mill in Matlock Bath