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A selection of photographs, prints and postcards. Some have personal or family connections
 
Bakewell Parish Church - Monuments inside All Saints'


This early twentieth century photograph by the Doncaster photographer and printer E. L. Scrivens is of the upper portion of one of the Manners tomb in All Saints' Church, Bakewell. Dorothy Manners, nee Vernon, has become almost better known than her husband thanks to the tale of her supposed flight from Haddon Hall before her marriage. The amour clad figure of Sir John Manners, second son of Thomas Earl of Rutland, faces his wife across a prayer desk. Dorothy is stylishly dressed in the robes of an Elizabethan female of consequence, wearing a full skirt with a slashed bodice and slashed sleeves. A small ruff (a frilled collar) is round her neck and smaller frills decorate her cuffs. Her tight fitting bonnet (cap) appears to have a long fabric train at the back, a fashion at the time.

The inscription between the kneeling figures can be read below the photograph of the children's effigies.



The children of John and Dorothy Manners are shown underneath their parents.
From the left: Sir George Manners; Sir Roger Manners of Whitwell, d.1650, unm.; John Manners,
d. 15 Jul 1590, bur at Bakewell; Grace, wife of Sir Francis Fortesque of Salden, Bucks[1].


The monument is now in the Vernon Chapel, which was built at the end of the Decorated period in about 1360. Between 1841 and 1852 there were extensive repairs to Bakewell church, which cost £8,600. According to Cox, the whole of the south transept and the Vernon chapel were taken down, "but here also considerable care was taken to reproduce the old features"[1].



Enlargement of the inscription on the tomb of Sir John and Lady Dorothy Manners.


Worth later described the work done in the 1840s as "a most mischievous" restoration of the church. Numerous incised slabs and gravestones were found, but many "were allowed to be carted away by shameless antiquaries to add to their private collections". Cox does not comment on this[1] but agreed that other memorials were placed within the porch (see below). According to R. N. Worth, "the vandals who did their best to destroy everything of interest ... repainted much of the elaborate heraldry of the tombs ... and consequently made several coats [of arms] unintelligible"[2].

In 1842 Mr. William Flockton presented a paper to the Literary and Philosophical Society in Sheffield on the antiquities in Bakewell Church and the exhumation of some of the members of the Manners and Vernon families of Haddon Hall in October 1841[3]. Flockton had received instructions to make accurate drawings of the monuments, so they could be replaced[1]. The principal people who had been exhumed were Sir John Manners and his wife Dorothy, their son Sir George Manners and Dorothy's father Sir George Vernon together with both his wives[3]. One body, that of Lady Dorothy, was carefully examined and it was found that her head was partly covered with hair in which were 6 brass pins[4]. One of these pins was exhibited at the meeting, as well as a pair of ancient spectacles found in the coffins - although the glasses were said to be partly decomposed[3]. The spectacles discovery may or may not be true as the allegation was not repeated in the report to the Duke of Rutland, published both a week later in the local press and also by Cox in his "Churches"[1][4].

A copy of the report was sent to Captain Underwood for the Duke of Rutland to see. It stated that it had been expected that the bodies would have been enclosed in lead or stone coffins, but this was not the case. The excavators found the remains of coffins that had disintegrated[4]. Lead coffins for three small children were also found close by.



Late 19th century image of the Vernon Chapel, Bakewell Church,
showing the tomb of Dorothy Vernon's son George Manners,
his wife and their nine children. In the foreground (right) is the large
table tomb of Sir George Vernon, the King of the Peak,
and his two wives.


Sir George Manners and his wife Grace (nee Pierrepoint) are commemorated on the large monument set against the wall in the image above. The couple are in Jacobean clothing and are kneeling on either side of a lectern with their children below their parents. Under the arches of the top tier and second from the left is Sir John Manners who eventually became Earl of Rutland. During the 1841 excavation it was discovered that the top of a large coffin which contained a female had been hacked away at some stage. A past sexton was assumed to have caused the damage to what would have been the coffin of Lady Grace or her daughter.

The effigies of Dorothy Vernon's father, the King of the Peak, and his two wives rest on the top of a large tomb in the centre of the chapel. Sir George is dressed as a knight, wearing plate armour and a surcoat which has nine quarterings of the arms of the Vernons. Cox assumes that the arms and all the Vernon effigies would have been painted in the proper colours, rather than the later "restoration". The King of the Peak is shown with straight hair and a long beard. A double chain is around his neck and there is a sword beside him. His wives are dressed identically in long black robes and with close fitting caps on their heads.
See their MI in an excerpt from "The Gentleman's Magazine".

The earliest monument to the Vernon family at Bakewell is the small veined alabaster table-tomb of John Vernon, who died in 1477, which is in the centre of the chancel.

Once all the remains were exhumed they were placed in a temporary vault until the chapel was rebuilt, after which they were carefully returned to their former positions as far as possible[1]. Their re-burial was carried out according to the wishes of the then Duke.



Alabaster monument, carved in high relief, of Sir Godfrey Foljambe and
his wife Lady Avena. They are depicted beneath a double crocketed canopy.
Reproduced from Glover[5].


Sir Godfrey Foljambe was the founder of the chantry of the Holy Cross, which had been sited at the east end of the south aisle. Cox describes Sir Godfrey, who died in 1377 aged 59, as wearing plate armour. On his head is a conical helmet or bascinet, with a camail of mail attached to its lower edge. Lady Avena was wearing a reticulated head-dress or caul.Lady Avena passed away in 1383. The arms of Foljambe are above the knight's head and those of Ireland can be seen above the head of his wife. In 1803 the Derbyshire antiquary Mr. Blore placed an engraved black marble slab beneath the monument, although it was later noted that the inscription contained mistakes[1].

A number of engravings of the Foljambe monument have been done over the years. This one is from Glover, as is the Wendesley tomb below[5]. They were both executed by O[rlanda/Orlando] Jewitt who was the son of Thomas O Jewitt, and the brother of Llewellynn Jewitt. Mr. Jewitt was an engraver on wood; he was born at Attercliffe, then lived at Duffield and eventually settled at Headington in Oxfordshire.



Sir Thomas Wendesley of Darley, who was mortally wounded whilst fighting for the
Lancastrian cause at the Battle of Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403.
The 1841 excavation found his bones underneath his monument.


As shown above, the Wendesley tomb originally rested on a raised tomb within a plainly arched recess in the east wall of the south transept but by Cox's time the effigy had been placed on a new table monument away from the wall[1]. Glover described the alabaster effigy as "a knight in plate-armour, mail gorget, and pointed helmet, with a richly ornamented bandeau, his pillow being supported by angels"[5]. One of the angels can be seen on the right.

Sir Thomas was by no means perfect or as saintly as the tomb suggests. In 1403 a petition of complaint was taken out against him, the Vicar of Hope and others who, in the 23rd year of the reign of King Richard II,had entered the house of Godfrey Rowland at Mikel Longesdon and despoiled everything they found. They then took him to the Peak Castle where he was imprisoned for six days without food or drink before bringing him out and cutting off his right hand[6].

The story of the Vernon Chapel did not end here. By 1896 the chapel, the private property of the Duke of Rutland, was being used as a vestry and had been for some years. At a meeting called by the churchwardens to discuss the issue, the Duke pointed out that when people entered the church they found the chapel's monuments were completely obscured by hangings of red baize or some such cloth. An attempt was being made to obtain sufficient money to put this right[7]. In early 1897 was finally agreed that the vestry should be built adjoining the north aisle[8], on the site recommended some years before by Mr. Gilbert Scott at a cost exceeding £700[9].



Early monumental stones found in and around the church during the restoration.


Cox provided more information about the sepulchral stones found in 1841-51, adding that it was regrettable that no attempt was made to either separate the stones found or indicate where they were from. Sixty-five stones were in placed in the south porch, at least 55 were removed to the Lombardale Museum (Bateman's) and a considerable number of others were re-used in the masonry. None were of a date later than 1260 and a considerable number were from before 1100. Mr. Bateman published numerous drawings (woodcuts) of the stones in his Museum and Dr. Plumptre produced 6 plates for the Archæological Journal, vol. iv and other works published in 1849[1].

Some were slabs that were laid horizontally on the ground whilst others were stood at the head or foot of a grave. There were emblems on the stones, such as shears, key, sword, axe, bugle and chalice. Figure 7 on the Plate above is a small coped tomb, with cable moulding running around the angles, that Cox stated was 3' 4" in length and 15" in breadth. He described the carving as quaintly capricious, half-vegetable, half-monster! Figure 1 was supposed to be an emblem of the Trinity, whilst several figures represent the head of a cross in various styles[1].

After Bateman's death the stones went to the Weston Park Museum in Sheffield. In 1899 the museum decided that they were not in the right place so returned them to the church. They were placed at the west end of the nave. No mention was made of the hair pin[10].


1. and 2. "Dorothy Vernon And Her Husband". Bakewell Church. Published by E. L. S., No.191-9. Unused. Edgar Leonard Scrivens (13 Mar 1882-22 Feb 1950) had a Photographic Printing & Enlarging Works in Doncaster.
3. "Vernon Chapel, Bakewell Church". The Popular Album of Matlock, 1891-8.
4 and 5. The engravings of the Foljambe and Wendesley monuments are from Stephen Glover's (1833) "History & Gazetteer of the County of Derby", pub. Derby.
6. Plate II from Cox, Vol. 2[1] showing a sample of stones found around the church in 1841.
All images in the collection of, provided by and © Ann Andrews.
Researched, written by and © Ann Andrews.
Intended for personal use only.

References:

[1] Cox, J Charles (1877) "Notes on the Churches of Derbyshire, Vol II, The Hundreds of the High Peak and Wirksworth", Chesterfield: Palmer and Edmunds, London: Bemrose and Sons, 10 Paternoster Buildings; and Derby.
Cox notes in his introduction that Kelly's Post Office Directory of Derbyshire 1876 had just been published. He warned that "as a directory it may be all that is desired, but the brief descriptions of the churches are ludicrously incorrect ; whilst in the matter of dedications, and dates of the registers, it seems to be more wrong than right".

[2] Worth, R. N. (1890), "Tourist's Guide to Derbyshire", Edward Stanford, London.

[3] "Sheffield Independent", 5 Mar 1842. Literary and Philosophical Society. Amongst those present was William Lee, the future husband of the web mistresses 2 X great aunt. Whether it was the pin shown at the lecture that was stolen is unclear, but Charles Cox[1] said that Mr. Bateman had not only the bad taste to include it in his museum but his catalogue also recorded that it had been pilfered from the grave. Thomas Bateman of Middleton, near Youlgrave, died on 28 Aug 1861; his museum was at his home, Lombardale House.

[4] "ibid", 12 Mar 1842. Mr. Flockton's report is also in Add. MSS. 28, 111, f.111.

[5] Stephen Glover (1833) "History & Gazetteer of the County of Derby", pub. Derby.

[6] Cox mentions this shameful act, which he notes is from Parliamentary Rolls, 1403 - Petitions to the King and Council, R305. The translation of the original document can be found in The Reliquary, Vol 11, p.171.
There is also a reference in the Wolley Manuscripts: see the Wensley Deeds Volume 6669 f.26 in the Matlock section of this web site

[7] "Derbyshire Times", 29 Aug 1896. The Bakewell Church. A New Vestry. Also "Derby Mercury", 2 September 1896.

[8] "Derbyshire Times", 2 Jan 1897. Bakewell Parish Church. Proposed New Vestry.

[9] "ibid", 28 August 1897.

[10] Firth, J. B. (1908) "Highways and Byways in Derbyshire", MacMillan & Co., London.


Bakewell is mentioned in the following on-site transcripts:

Derbyshire's Parishes, 1811, Parishes B, which has more about the town.
The Gentleman's Magazine Library, 1731-1868 (Bakewell - Buxton), which describes the tombs.
The Wolley Manuscripts, Derbyshire:
Charters, Documents & Deeds : Places A - B, mentions Bakewell
Pedigrees, Documents & Deeds : Surnames M - P refers T - Z has Vernon references


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The Love Steps of Dorothy Vernon



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Other pages within the website with Orlando Jewitt engravings


Alfreton St. Martin



Bakewell Parish Church - the Ancient Stone Cross



Royal Museum,
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