Derbyshire's Parishes, 1811> This page
Derbyshire's Parishes, 1811
The parishes and chapelries as they were just over 200 years ago. Extracts from an early Derbyshire history

Parishes H
From : 'History of Derbyshire' by David Peter Davies
Derbyshire

Parishes H

HADDON HALL
See Bakewell

HALTON
"The parish of Wirksworth contains, ... the hamlets of Caulow, Biggin, Halton, Hitheridge-Hay and Ashley-Hay, consisting altogether of about 80 houses".
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

HARDWICK HALL
See Hault Hucknall

HARTINGTON
"in Domesday called Hortedune, is a large parish, extending nearly twelve miles, along the western boundary of Derbyshire, and comprehending all that tract of land which lies between the manors of Buxton and Thorpe. It is divided into the Hartington town quarter, the Lower quarter, the Middle quarter and the Upper quarter, altogether containing about three hundred and forty houses. The village itself contains about 370 inhabitants; the living is a vicarage; the church is dedicated to St. Giles ; it formerly belonged to Domus Minoress in London; but the Duke of Devonshire is the present patron.
This Manor gives the title of Marquis to his grace the Duke of Devonshire, who is possessed of a large estate in land here, and indeed of almost all the surrounding country. In the village of Hartington, the entrance of which has some interesting rocky scenery, there was, in former times, a castle; and some remains of ancient works may be discovered in several places in the vicinity. The manor formerly belonged to the Ferrers family, and afterwards to the Duchy of Lancaster. In Charles the First's time[1], it became the property of Villiers, Duke of Buckingham; but in the reign of king Charles the Second[1], it belonged to the Cavendishes, Earls and Dukes of Devonshire.
There are several traditions handed down, respecting battles in which have been fought this neighbourhood. It is said, that the Britons had a most bloody and obstinate conflict, with the Roman General Agricola, on Hartington common; and that when it was finished, the blood ran down the hill into the town. It is also reported, that the Republicans and Royalists during the Civil Wars, had a severe engagement on a hill near the village. The former tale is not supported by any according circumstances; but the latter has been corroborated, by the finding many musket balls, which had been washed down with the soil, from the high grounds, after heavy rains.
"About a mile and a half to the south-east of Hartington, is a high eminence, called Wolf's Cote-Hill, on the summit of which is a Barrow or Low. This ancient remain, is a large heap of stones of various sizes. The smallest are the most outward, and, over them is a thin covering of moss and grass. It rises about three yards above the common surface of the ground around, it, and is exactly circular, The circumference at the base, is nearly seventy yards: at the top, the diameter is about ten yards; and in the middle is a cavity one yard deep, and three wide. This Low has been opened a small way towards the centre; and in its inward construction appears greatly to resemble that, which will be described, at Chelmorton, near Buxton."
In the Lower quarter division of Hartington, at a place called Castle-Hills, situated on the banks of the Dove, is a sharp ridge of rocks, supposed to have been reared by human labor, and rising to the height of six or eight yards in the shape of a sugar-loaf. Adjoining to this, there are some embankments, and several Lows of different shapes. Near a place called Crowdicote, are the foundations of a building, erroneously supposed to have been an Abbey. The ground about it has been searched for treasure, but none could be found. In the Middle quarter of Hartington, there is a chapel, called East­Sterndale.

[Newhaven]
About three miles to the East of Hartington is, Newhaven, where the Duke of Devonshire has erected a large, handsome and commodious inn where travellers may meet with excellent accommodation. The country around this place is very bleak, and was, formerly, an open and barren waste; but a bill of inclosure having been obtained some years ago, it begins to assume a less wild appearance, and several hundred acres are now in cultivation.
Many extensive and thriving plantations, which have been made, near the inn, will in a few years occasion a change in the appearance of this tract, and may cause similar improvements to be effected in the neighbourhood. There is an annual fair held here for the sale of horses, cattle, sheep &c. which is generally attended by a great concourse of people. The spot of ground where the booths are erected, and pothouses established for the entertainment of the company, is so broken and diversified, as to have the appearance of the site of an ancient encampment. At a little distance from this place, is a lead-mine, now not worked, wherein rich specimens of wheat-stone, or white ore of lead, have been frequently obtained.
About three miles to the West of Newhaven-house, the Dove rolls along: and though the scenery here is not quite so romantic as that of Dove-Dale, it yet partakes of a great deal of its character. The rocks are not so elevated, but the singular and rude forms into which they are broken, have a very striking effect; and the frequent changes in their appearance, are particularly interesting. One rock distinguished by the name of the Pike, from its spiral form, and situation in the midst of the stream, has been noticed in the second part of the Complete Angler, by Charles Cotton, who resided at Beresford-Hall, an ancient, but extremely pleasant mansion on the Staffordshire side of the river. The Hall, now looks old and ruinous; and the adjoining gardens and grounds exhibit a scene of neglect and desolation; but in Mr. Cotton's time they were kept in excellent order.
Below the house, the stream (famous for trout fishing) flows in a rapid current betwixt the craggs of steeps which form its boundaries, for some distance; when it looses itself under ground, "and after a mile's concealment appear's again with more glory and beauty than before; running through the most pleasant vallies, and fruitful meadows that this nation can justly boast of.
Hither it was that the venerable Isaac Walton, the father of anglers, came from London, that during the summer months, he might with his friend Cotton, enjoy the sport of angling. ­ In return for these friendly visits, Mr. Cotton built a small fishing-house, on a kind of peninsula on the banks of the Dove, the, remains of which are still visible. It was erected in the year 1674, and having been taken little care of for several years past, it has fallen into decay. Here, are, however, to be seen the cypher over the door, containing the initials of the names both of Cotton and Walton, interwoven in each other, and the inscription above it, SACRUM PISCATORIBUS (sacred to fishermen) half filled with moss, and almost obliterated. It was in this little deserted temple of friendship, that the pleasing dialogue found in the Complete Angler, respecting the formation of an artificial fly, took place.
In one of the rocks which hang over the river, is a small cavity, only to be approached by an intricate and hazardous path, in which Mr. Cotton is said to have eluded the pursuits of the officers of the justice, after some offence of which he had been guilty. The depth of it is about fifteen yards; but even in this small space are several windings, which render it difficult to access, and well adapted for the purposes of concealment".
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

HARTSHORN
"Heortshorne at the time of the Norman Survey, belonged to Henry de Ferrers. The living is a rectory: its value in the king's book is £3. 12s. 1d. and yearly tenths, 6s. 2 ½d. and the church is dedicated to St Peter".
In the Deanery of Repington.

HASLAND
Part of the parish of Chesterfield. See Chesterfield.

HASSOP
A hamlet in the parish of Bakewell. "The hamlet of Hassop formerly belonged to the Foljambs and from them descended the Plomtons, of Plompton in Yorkshire, whose coheirs sold part of the estate in the reign of Edward the Sixth, and the remainder in the time of Queen Elizabeth, to the family of Eyre. It is at present the seat of Francis Eyre Esq. who is descended from this ancient and respectable family, a branch of which resided at Hassop as early as the reign of Henry the Seventh. The present possessor has a very large collection of exotic plants in his green-houses; and has continued the plantations carried on by his father".
In the Archdeaconry of Derby.

HATHERSAGE
"Hereseige, a small village situated at the foot of a very lofty and extensive hill, contains about 100 houses. In the direction of the streets there is no regularity, but the houses are scattered over an extensive piece of ground. The church stands on an eminence at the north end of the village: it is a neat, clean, light building, with a spire and six bells. In the chancel of the church are several monuments of an ancient date, belonging to the family of the Eyres who came from Highlow in the parish of Hope. Lying against the north wall is a tomb-stone, with brass figures of a man and a woman, and several children, indented in the stone; and also brass tablet bearing the following Latin inscription, in Old English characters :-Hic, jacet Robertus Eyre, armiger:[2] qui obiit xxi. hic Mensis Maye, anno Millimmo CCCCLIX: et Joahne uxor ejus, qui obiit ix die mensis Maye Millimmo CCCCLXIV. There is another brass tablet to the memory of Radalphus Eyre of Offerton in the county of Derby, Esq. and Elizabeth his wife who died in the year 1493. The living is a vicarage, and the church is dedicated to St. Michael, and the Duke of Devonshire is the patron.
It is handed down by tradition that Little John, the companion and coadjutor of Robin Hood lies buried in this churchyard. His grave is shewn to the traveller. Two grey stones, one at the foot and the other at the head, mark the spot, where this hero lies. The distance from one stone to another, is, nearly, four yards - a space, whatever might have been Little John's ambition while alive, it is unreasonable to suppose he could occupy when dead: however the person that was buried in the spot, whether Little John or not, was a man of great stature, as the grave was opened some years ago, and a thigh bone found, which measured two feet and a half.
In the church-yard, there is also, the remains of a stone cross, around which it was customary in Popish times, (and it has been done in the memory of some of the present inhabitants) to take the corpse of the deceased before its interment, in order to its more speedy release from Purgatory. There are several Roman Catholics in this village and neighbourhood, who assemble at a very neat chapel at the western extremity of the village. This place of worship was erected about 150 years ago, but since that time it has often been the object of popular fury, and the inside destroyed by overheated zeal of Protestant bigots. The congregation consists of about 70 individuals and a priest, who lives in a large and handsome house adjoining the chapel. - The eastern gable-end of the chapel, is ornamented with a cross of blackish stone, worked in among, and projecting above, the free-stones which compose the building, and which may be seen at a great distance.
"The earth here seems to possess some very peculiar properties, as will appear from the following extraordinary relation, chiefly extracted from a letter written by a Clerk of Hathersage, but corroborated by enquiries made among other persons who were acquainted with the fact.
" On opening a grave in Hathersage church-yard for the interment of a female, on the 31st. of May, 1781, the body of Mr. Benjamin Ashton, who was buried on the 29th. of December 1725, was taken up, congealed and hard as flint. His breast, belly, and face, and all the parts that lay under, were nearly the same colour as when put into the coffin. The coffin was of oak boards, inch and a half thick, and as sound as when first deposited in the grave which was so extremely wet, that men employed to lade out the water, that the coffin might be kept from floating, till the body was returned to it. The face was partly decayed; conveying the idea, that the putrifactive process had commenced previously to that which had hardened the flesh into stone. The head was broke off in removing the body from the coffin, but was placed in its first position when again interred. Mr. Ashton was a corpulent man, and died in the forty-second year of his age.
"Above the church, at a place called Camp Green, is a circular area, 144 feet in diameter, encompassed with a high and pretty large mound of earth, round which is a deep ditch. A road has been carried across the area from west to east; and an outlet and path have also been formed on the south side. In the eighth volume of the Archæologia, is an account by Mr. Hayman Rooke, of some ancient remains on Hathersage Moor particularly of a Rocking­stone, twenty-nine feet in circumference; and near it, a large stone, with a rock-basin, and many tumuli, in which urns, beads,and rings, have been found. At a little distance he mentions observing another remarkable stone, thirteen feet six inches, in length, which appeared to have been placed by art on the brow of a precipice, and supported by two small stones. On the top is a large rock-basin, four feet three inches in diameter; and close to this, on the south, side, a hollow, cut like a chair, with a step to rest the feet upon. This, in the traditions of the country, is called Cair's chair. Not far from this spot are also some rocking-stones; and of such a kind, as seems plainly to indicate, that the first idea of forming Rocking-stones at all, was the appearance of certain stupendous masses, left by natural causes in such a singular situation, to be prepared, as it were, by the hand of nature to exhibit such a curious kind or equipoise"."
In the Archdeaconry of Derby.

HATTON
(Hattune) Hamlet in the parish of Marston-on-Dove (Deanery of Castillar), together with Hilton (Hiltune) and Horne.

HAULT-HUCKNALL
"this parish includes the hamlets of Rowthorn (Rugetorn), Stanesby (Steinesbi), Astwood, Arstaff and Hardwick; containing altogether about one hundred houses.
The living is a vicarage, and in former times belonged to the priory of Newstead, in Nottinghamshire; the Duke of Devonshire is the patron.
In the chancel of this church, among which there is a slab, with a Latin inscription, in memory of the celebrated Thomas Hobbes. This gentleman, whom the bigotry and ignorance of his age set down as an atheist, and another Machavel, was born at Malmsbury in the year 1588, and educated at Magdalen-Hall, Oxford. In 1608 he became tutor to a son of the Duke of Devonshire; and in 1643, was appointed mathematical tutor to the Prince of Wales. He returned, however, to the Devonshire family, under whose patron age he lived till the year 1679, when he died at Hardwick, in the ninety-first year of his age. He was well known at home and abroad by his reputation for learning. The most famous of his works are, 1. his book De Cive; 2. that on Human Nature; 3. one De Corpore Politico; 4. his well known work called the Leviathan ; 5. his translation of Thucydides, &c
HARDWICK-HALL, a celebrated seat belonging to the Duke of Devonshire, is situated in the parish of Hucknall. This stately mansion is situated on a ridge of elevated ground, near the eastern borders of the county. It stands in a fine and extensive park, well wooded; and between the trees, the towers of the edifice emerge with great majesty, their summits appearing covered with the lightly shivering fragments of battlements: these, however, are soon discovered to be carved open-work, in which the letters E. S. frequently occur under a coronet; the initials and memorials of the vanity of Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury, by whom this edifice was built. The house is of stone, and has a lofty tower at each corner: in the front is a spacious quadrangular court, surrounded by a high stone wall. This building, which affords a specimen of English architecture in the 16th century, was built by the Countess of Shrewsbury, daughter of John Hardwick, Esq. who died in the nineteenth of Henry VIII. she had been twice married before she became the wife of the Earl of Shrewsbury - first to Robert Barley, Esq. and, secondly to Sir William Cavendish. This house was erected after she became Countess of Shrewsbury.
Hardwick-Hall, it is generally supposed, was one of the prisons of Mary Queen of Scots; and it has been thought, that it was, originally fitted up for her reception, and with a view to a visit, which though long talked of, it is very probable Elizabeth never seriously intended paying her. Several of the apartments derive great interest from the furniture, and other articles preserved in remembrance of that injured Princess.
[There follows a description of the interior, which is not included here]
At the distance of a few yards from the present Hall, are the dilapidated remains of the more ancient seat of the Hardwick family. A few apartments, though approached with great difficulty through the fragments of others, yet almost intire :-one of them, fancifully called the Giant's Chamber, has been remarked for the beauty of its proportions; and is said, by Kennet, in his Memoirs of the family of Cavendish, to have been "thought fit for a pattern of measure and contrivance of a room at Blenheim." At what time this ancient mansion was built, is uncertain, but it is known to been the residence of the Hardwicks in the time of Henry the Eighth: for John Hardwick died here in the nineteenth year of his reign. In this house Cardinal Wolsey lodged one night in his way from York to Leicester Abbey, where he died November, 1536".
In the Deanery of Chesterfield.
The Gentleman's Magazine Library

HAYFIELD
"Hetfelt is a long, straggling village in the parish of Glossop ; it is situated on the road to Chapel-in-the-Frith and Glossop and is divided into two parts by a fine stream of water. The inhabitants are chiefly clothiers, but several are supported by the manufacture of cotton"[3].
In the Archdeaconry of Derby.

HEAGE
"is a small straggling village, containing, together with the whole liberty, about two hundred houses. The clear value of the established chapel there is £10.
In this liberty, near the road leading from Crich to Belper, and about midway frOm both places, is a martial vitriolic spring, the only one of the kind that has yet been found in the county. It is situated in a black boggy soil and was discovered about the year 1767, "by a labouring man, who was employed in forming a sough with a view of draining the ground in its neighbourhood. He had been a long time troubled with an ulcerous disorder in one of his legs, but found, during the prosecution of his undertaking, it gradually disappeared, and that by the time it was finished, a cure was entirely effected., This circumstance led him to suspect, that the water was possessed of some medicinal virtues, and upon examination, he perceived the vitriolic taste, by which it is distinguished."
This water affords very strong and decisive evidence of its being impregnated with iron and vitriol. Its taste is sour, and is thought to contain fixed air in some quantity; not only from the bubbles which may be seen in it, when first poured into a glass at the spring, but likewise from the circumstance, that when tightly enclosed in a cask or bottle, it will burst it with a slight degree of agitation ; an effect attributed to the efforts of the fixed air to escape. Besides the efficacy of Heage water in ulcerous complaints, it has sometimes also been found beneficial in stopping inward bleeding; and when applied outwardly, it is said to have this effect as soon, and as completely, as the Extract of Saturn. It has also been found efficacious in fastening the teeth, and in healing sore and inflamed eyes. But its salutary influence is most conspicuous in certain ulcerous disorders: and yet in these external applications, it should be used with great caution, as sometimes a paralytic stroke in the diseased part, has followed, the too sudden drying up of the humour".
In the Deanery of Derby.

HEANOR
"This parish contains the hamlets of Codnor, Loscoe, Langley, Milnhay and Shipley. When Domesday was compiled there was a church at Hainoure : it appears, from the history of the foundation of Dale-Abbey, that there was a chapel as well as a church there, in the reign of Henry II, belonging to the parish of St. Mary in the town of Derby. In the thirteenth year of Edward IV. the church was appropriated to the Abbey at Dale. The living is a vicarage; and the King is the patron.

Codnor, in Domesday Cotenovre, is a small hamlet, remarkable for the ruins of a Castle. In the early part of the thirteenth century there was a Castle here ; and in the reign of Henry the Third, it was the chief seat of Richard de Grey, whose descendants, the Barons Grey of Codnor, possessed it till the eleventh of Henry the Seventh [1496] , when it passed to Sir John Zouch,
(the youngest son of William Lord Zouch of Harringworth), who had married the aunt of the last possessor of this family. John Zouch, Esq. the last of the family who resided at Codnor, sold his land and coal in the neighbourhood about the year 1622, and leaving the kingdom, settled in Ireland. It afterwards became the property of the Masters, one of whom it is said, inhabited the Castle in the year 1712: but even then it was in a ruinous state, and since that period, it has almost entirely fallen into ruins.
Codnor Castle was situated on elevated ground commanding an extensive prospect to the East. The wall on the East side is yet standing to a considerable height; and in the inside are several recesses, formed in a singular manner.­ These remains indicate its having been a place of considerable extent. To the South, there appears to have been an extensive square court from which were two entrances, or gates, into the Castle. The wall on the West side of the court, which is yet entire, has two large recesses in it, supposed to have been used as watch-houses. On the eastern side was a broad deep ditch or moat: and on the bank grew a double row of trees, which were cut down about the year 1738. The park belonging to the Castle was very extensive; comprehending about two thousand and two hundred acres of land.

Shipley was formerly the seat of the Vavasours and afterwards the Strelleys, one of whom was married to the heiress of Vavasour. In the time of Charles the Second, Shipley was the property of Sir Edward Leche, Knt. Master in Chancery whose heiress married one Miller : and the heiress of Miller married Edward Mundy, Esq. (a younger branch of the Mundys of Markeaton) whose only son, Edward Miller Mundy, Esq. is the present possessor; and has represented the county of Derby in several Parliaments".
In the Deanery of Derby.

HEATH
"the whole parish contains about sixty-four houses. The living is a vicarage; and the church is dedicated to All-Saints; it formerly belonged to Croxton Abbey. The Manor of Heath was presented by Robert Ferrers, Earl of Derby, to the monastery of Grendon, Leicestershire but it now belongs, together with the patronage of the church, to the Duke of Devonshire. It is supposed that it came into the possession of the present proprietor, when in the sixth year of Edward the Sixth, Mr. Cavendish had, in exchange for his estates in Hertfordshire, several lands and manors belonging to dissolved priories and abbeys in Derbyshire".
In the Deanery of Chesterfield.

HIGHAM
See Shirland.

HILL SOMERSAL
"is a hamlet, which belongs to the parish of Sudbury and ; contains about 20 house'.
It is in Deanery of Castillar.

HILLTOP
A hamlet in the parish of Dronfield and Deanery of Chesterfield. See Dronfield.

HOGNASTON
"in Domesday, Ochnauestun, is a village of about 55 houses, whose inhabitants are chiefly supported by agriculture. The living is a rectory; but not in charge;the King is the patron".
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

HOLBROOKE
"by the Norman surveyors written Holebroc, is situated on an eminence, at the distance of about a mile to the East of the last-mentioned place [Makeney]. Some years ago, a chapel was built here, and endowed by the late Mr. Bradshaw".
In the Deanery of Derby.

HOLLINGTON
(Holintune) A hamlet in the parish of Longford. In Deanery of Castillar.

HOLLOWAY
See Lea.
Dethick, Lea and Holloway - Kelly's 1891 Directory

HOLMESFIELD
Chapelry in the parish of Dronfield. See Dronfield.
In the Deanery of Chesterfield.

HOPE
"is a small village, on the road between Hathersage and Castleton, situated on the banks of the Derwent, which is here but an inconsiderable stream. Hope is mentioned in Domesday-book as having a priest and a church in the time of Edward the Confessor. The living is a vicarage, the church is dedicated to St. Peter, and the Dean and Chapter of Lichfield are the patrons.
It has been asserted, that William Peverel had, a mansion at Burgh in this parish, and that in the reign of Edward the First[1], John, Earl of Warren and Surry, was made governor of it. In some manuscript papers of the late Mr. John Mander, of Bakewell, Hope has been described as an ancient market-town; but the advantage of this privilege it no longer enjoys.
The moors of Hope parish afford an extraordinary instance of the preservation of human bodies interred in them. One Barber, a grazier, and his maid servant, going to Ireland in the year 1674, were lost in the snow, and remained covered with it it from January to May, when they were so offensive, that the Coroner ordered them to be buried on the spot. About twenty-nine years afterwards, some countrymen, probably having observed the extraordinary properties of this soil in preserving dead bodies, had the curiosity to open the ground and found them in no way altered; the colour of the skin being fair and natural, and their flesh as soft as that of persons newly dead. ­ They were exposed for a sight, during the course of twenty years following, though they were much changed in that time by being so often uncovered. In 1716, Mr. Henry Brown, M. B. of Chesterfield, saw the man perfect, beard strong, and about a quarter of an inch long: the hair of his head short ; his skin hard, and of a tanned leather colour, pretty much the same as the liquor and earth they lay in: he had on a broad cloth coat, of which the doctor in vain tried to tear off a skirt. The woman was more decayed, having been taken out of the ground, and rudely handled, her flesh particularly decayed, her hair long and spongy, like that of a living person. Mr. Barber of Rotherham, the man's grandson, had both bodies buried in Hope church, and, upon looking into the graves sometime afterwards, it was found, they were entirely consumed. Mr. Wermald, the minister of Hope, was present at their removal: he observed that they lay about a yard deep, in moist soil, or moss, but no water stood in the place. He saw their stockings drawn off, and the man's legs, which had not been uncovered before, were quite fair: the flesh, when pressed by his finger, pitted a little; and the joints played freely, and without the least stiffness: the other parts were much decayed. What was left of their clothes not cut off for curiosity, was firm and-good : and the woman had a piece of new serge; which seemed never the worse"."
In the Archdeaconry of Derby[4].

HOPEWELL
A hamlet in the parish of Sawley (there is more information under Sawley).
In the Deanery of Derby.

HOPTON
"in Domesday Opetune is another small hamlet in the parish of Wirksworth consisting but of a small number of houses. This hamlet is planted in the bottom of a deep valley, embowered in wood, and guarded by lofty rocks under whose projecting heads the cottagers have built their crouching dwellings.
Here is the seat of Philip Gell, Esq, the present Member in Parliament for Malmesbury. The family of Gell, has been resident here since the time of Queen Elizabeth. In the seventh year of her reign, died R. Gell, Esq. who was succeeded by his son Anthony. John Gell, who was Sheriff of Derbyshire in the year 1634, and in, 1643 created a Baronet by Charles the First, was a very active partizan, in the cause of Parliament, during the civil war, and performed several spirited actions in its service. When the royal standard was erected at Nottingham, he marched into the town of Derby, and placed a garrison in it. The year following, he took Wingfield Manor by assault, and was attended with such success, that at length, no part of the county of Derby, had the courage to declare in favor of the king. It appears, however, that his conduct was not always satisfactory; for having been appointed receiver of the money, arising from the sequestration of the effects of those persons, who were suspected of being friendly to the king, an order was issued, to enforce the payment of six thousand pounds. He was tried in 1650, for misprison of high treason, and sentenced to forfeit his estate, and to be imprisoned for life ; but within two years he received a pardon.
The ancient Manor-House, occupied in former times, by the Gells, was, a few years ago, pulled down, and a neat modern building erected on its site. The grounds also have been very much improved; and a new road, distinguished by the name Via Gellia from its maker, has been carried towards Matlock through a romantic valley, which affords several beautiful views. High and steep hills, covered with young firs, like a nursery, and, sweeping in bold bases, guard it on all sides, Down the hills, numerous narrow falls devolve, and at their feet, all the way along the road side, frequently gray seats appear, covered with turf. The little river in the valley, is formed by art, for the purpose of angling, into several large basins. Falling from these, over walls of gray stones, having appertures formed for the discharge, it forms many pleasing cascades. Cottages among the wood, and mills at the verge, add to the picturesqueness of this charming road, whose projector, and executor, deserves unusual praise for his public spirit in bringing a new road, through such delightful scenery.
In making this road, an iron dagger, and some iron heads of spears, were found, covered to the depth of three feet beneath the surface by small stones. About one mile South from the valley, on a rising ground, is a large barrow, 196 feet in circumference, in which an urn of coarse baked earth, full of bones and ashes, was discovered by some labourers, who were preparing the ground for a plantation. - The urn fell to pieces, on endeavouring to take it up; its circumference was four feet, three inches. It was covered with a piece of yellowish free-stone, much corroded, on which the following lines, forming part of a Roman inscription, were legible:
GELL / PRÆ C. III / L. V. BRIT
which has been thought to signify: Gellius Præfectus Cohortis Tertiæ Legionis Victrices Britannicæ. The finding a rough stone with a Roman inscription, covering an urn in a barrow, is, perhaps, the only instance of the kind upon record".
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

HORNE
Hamlet in the parish of Marston-on-Dove, together with Hatton (Hattune) and Horne.
In the Deanery of Castillar.

HORSLEY
"anciently Horsilei, contains the hamlets of Horsley Woodhouse, and Kilburne. "The church was given by Hugh de Burun, (whose ancestor Raphe, was Lord of the manor at the Norman survey) to the Monks at Lenton in Nottinghamshire: So that there was a church here before the time of king John [i.e. before 1199]: For the barony of Burun was given by him to William Briever." The living of Horsely is a vicarage; the church is dedicated to St. Clement ; and the Earl of Chesterfield the patron.
"At Horsly formerly stood a Castle, called Horsetan, and sometimes Harestan. It was built as early as the beginning of the thirteenth century. For in the sixteenth year of king John, William Ferrer's, Earl of Derby,was constituted governor of it. In the thirty-fifth year of the following reign, Peter, de Montfort, and five years afterwards Hugh Despencer, enjoyed this honor. In the thirteenth year of Edward I. John Pipard had a grant of it for life. In the eighth year of Edward II., Sir Ralph Shirley was governor of Horston castle; and in the twenty-first year of the succeeding reign (Edward III.) Henry, nephew to Thomas earl of Lancaster; created earl of Derby, obtained a grant to himself and the heirs male of his body, of this fortress with the annual rent of £40. issuing out of the town of Derby. John de Holland, third son of Thomas, earl of Kent, in the fifteenth year of Richard II. had a grant of Horseton castle for life. In the thirty-fifth year of Henry VI. Edmund Hallam, earl of Richmond, died possessed of the castle and lordship of Horeston. In the year 1514, the castle of Horeston and manor of Horsley were granted, in special tail, to be held by the service of one knight's fee, by Henry VIII. to the duke of Norfolk. They were part of the reward, which was bestowed on him for the very important service, which he had rendered the king during his expedition into France, having prevented the incursion of the Scots, and defeated them at Flodden, near the Cheviot hills. On this remarkable occasion one archbishop, two of his bishops, four abbots, James IV. king of Scotland, and about ten thousand men were slain, and their whole artillery taken. Upon the attainder of the son of the duke of Norfolk, these possessions most probably escheated to the crown, and were granted to some of the Stanhope family. At least Thomas Stanhope was possessed of the castle in the tenth year of queen Elizabeth. At what time it was destroyed, I have not been able to discover: At present a very small part of the ruins is visible. The scite of it belongs to the earl of Chesterfield." "
In the Deanery of Derby.

HORSLEY-WOODHOUSE
Hamlet in the parish of Horsley in the Deanery of Derby.

HULLAND
See Ashbourne.


Notes on the above:

[1] Edward I reigned 1272-1307; Charles I reigned 1625-1649 ; Charles II reigned 1649-1685 - he was in exile, apart from a brief spell, until 1660.
[2] Robert Eyre, Esquire. Robert Eyre died 21 May 1459 and Joahne his wife died 9 May 1464.
[3] Whilst not mentioned by Davies, according to the Lysons the chapelry of Hayfield contained the townships of Chinley, Bugsworth and Brownside as well as Great-Hamlet, Phoside and Kinder. Also part of Thornsett, the remainder being in the chapelry of Mellor.
[4] Although Davies does not list them, the Lysons record the following townships under the parish of Hope just a few years later in 1817: Abney, Aston, Fernilee, Highlow, Great Hucklow, Little Hucklow, Offerton, Shatton, Stoke, Thornhill, Thornton.


Davies' book
An Ann Andrews book transcript