Derbyshire's Parishes, 1811> This page
Derbyshire's Parishes, 1811
The parishes and chapelries as they were just over 200 years ago. Extracts from an early Derbyshire history

Parishes I - O
From : 'History of Derbyshire' by David Peter Davies
Derbyshire

Parishes I

IBLE
In the parish of Wirksworth. See Middleton [by Wirksworth].
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

IDRIDGEHAY
(Hitheridge-Hay) "The parish of Wirksworth contains, ... the hamlets of Caulow, Biggin, Halton, Hitheridge-Hay and Ashley-Hay, consisting altogether of about 80 houses".
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

ILKESTON
"in Domesday called Tilchestune, is an extensive village. The parish contains the hamlets of Cotmanhay and Little Hallam. Near the end of the fourth century, there was a church at Ilkeston: for William de la Zouch was possessed of the manor, and the advowson of a church in the fifth year of Edward the Second. The living is a vicarage; and the church which is dedicated to St. Mary, formerly belonged to Dale Abbey. The Duke of Rutland is the patron. Besides the church, the Presbyterians have a place of worship here".
In the Deanery of Derby.

INGLEBY
"the hamlet of Ingleby or Englebi which contains about thirty houses" is in the parish of Foremark.

Parishes J

No parishes

Parishes K

KEDLESTON
" in the Conqueror's time called Chetelstune, and then included in the land of Henry de Ferrieres, is a parish of small extent. The living is a rectory, and the church is dedicated to All-Saints.
Kedleston is the celebrated seat of Nathaniel Curzon, Lord Scarsdale. "The first, account we have" says Mr. Pilkington"of the family being seated at Kedleston, is in the time of Edward I[1]. In the twenty-fifth of his reign, Richard de Cursun died, possessed of the manor of Ketleston, which was valued at twenty marks a year; and also the advowson of the church, which was estimated at £4. a year.- Robert Ferrers, Earl of Derby, made him a free and full grant of the manor and advowson of the church by his charter, on condition of rendering him homage and service." From him it has descended to his present Lordship, whose father was raised on the tenth of April, 1760, to the dignity of a Peer, by the style and title of Baron Scarsdale of Kedleston in the county of Derby. His Lordship was, during three parliaments, chairman of the House of Peers.
Kedleston-house, the splendid mansion of Lord Scarsdale, is situated about three miles to the north-west of Derby. On the road which passes to the right of the mansion, a comfortable Inn has been erected, as well for the convenience of such strangers, as curiosity may lead to view the house, as for the accommodation of those, who come for the benefit of the waters in the neighbourhood, The house (erected by the late Lord in 1761) stands half a mile to the West of the inn, from whence it is approached by a foot-path. This path is carried through the park, which is about seven miles in circumference, and displays some flourishing plantations, together with a number of large and venerable oaks; some of which are of the enormous size of twenty-four feet in girth, one hundred and eighteen feet in height, and are thought to have stood for more than seven hundred years. Following the path shaded by the antiquated arms of these "forest monarchs," it conducts to an elegant stone bridge of three arches, thrown over a piece of water, amplified to its present extent, by judiciously cutting away, the banks of the little brook Weston, which formerly rilled through the park in quiet insignificance, The surface of this wide sheet, above the bridge, is broken into several falls; and a handsome cascade falls gracefully under the arches, which is advantageously viewed from the principal rooms on the North front of the building, From hence a gentle ascent leads to the house, whose front, measuring three hundred and sixty feet in length, is a grand specimen of Adam's architectural skill, The front, which is of white stone, hewn on Lord Scarsdale's estate, is divided into three parts :-a centre, and two pavilions, connected to it by corridors of the Doric order, taking a sweeping form: that on the right (as we approach it) comprising the kitchen and offices, that on the left, consisting of Lord Scarsdale's private apartments.
In the centre of the North front is a double flight of steps, leading to a grand Portico, whose pediment is supported by six pillars [several of them in one single stone] of the Corinthian Order, three feet in diameter and thirty feet in height, which were proportioned from those of the Pantheon at Rome: These support the Tympanum ...
[Please note that there then follows a very full description of the interior Kedleston Hall and the works of art, but that is not included on these pages.]
From the above short account of Kedleston-House it will be seen that elegance and taste characterize every thing within and about it; but to these let us not forget to observe, that comfort may be added: the apartments are not reserved for shew alone, but are constantly inhabited by the family, and the numerous friends, which his Lordship's hospitality invites. The state rooms are not many ; and the rest of the house consists of excellent offices, and comfortable apartments. The plan of the whole is easy and intelligible; and the skill of the architect, Adams, was, perhaps, never better displayed than by this mansion.
Besides the extent of the Park, and the umbrageous dignity of the noble oaks, which adorn it, already noticed; the Lodge at the entrance, built by Mr. Adams, after the Arch of Octavia - the truly elegant manner in which the gardens are laid out - the admirable ingenuity with which the boundaries of the river are concealed - and the disposition and shape of the water, and the plantations, merit particular attention; insomuch, that the stranger will find his curiosity amply gratified, and his trouble delightfully recompensed, by a visit to Kedleston ; the amateur and the virtuoso, will experience the sublimest gratification.
In the Park, and almost in front of the House, are the Baths, a simple, elegant building, ambushed in fir-trees, having accommodations for hot and cold bathing :-Between fifty and sixty years ago, it was, that the late Lord Scarsdale erected this building, enclosing the spring. In the part fronting the house, is a portico supported by a colonnade; and on each side of the well, which is situated in the middle of the open area; are the baths, with suitable conveniences.
The spring is pretty copious; and the water, in a glass, looks very clear and transparent; but in the well, it appears of a blackish blue colour, tinged with purple; and any substance thrown into it, assumes the same appearance. Its smell is fœtid, and though on its first being put in a glass, it appears clear, yet, when it has stood for some time, a duskiness comes on, which is soon followed, by a total loss of scent and taste. That it is impregnated with sulphur in some state or form, is not only evident from its strong taste and smell, but likewise, from its changing silver, to a dark copper colour; and in its passage from the well, depositing a yellowish-green sediment, like alkalized sulphur, on the stones, and in the baths. - From the examination of Dr. Short, it appears, that it is impregnated with other substances also. He says, that eight pints of it evaporated, left two scruples of sediments, twenty-one grains of which, were a dark brownish earth, and the rest salt. Mr. Lipscomb says, that it contains thirty-eight grains of sea salt, and forty-two grains of calcareous earth, in a gallon. In these respects it appears similar to the waters at Harrowgate.
Kedleston water is principally valued for its anti-scorbutic qualities. When taken inwardly, it acts as a diuretic, and has afforded relief to persons afflicted with the gravel. By external application, it has been found efficacious in various cutaneous diseases, but more particularly in ulcerous complaints: indeed, it has been found highly serviceable in the cure of old and indolent ulcers. In the summer, it is frequently used by the neighbouring inhabitants, a substitute for malt liquor at their meals; the charge of carriage being but trifling, and affording sustenance to a few poor people of the vicinity. The temperature of the water in the spring, is fifty-three degrees. Two or three half-pint glasses maybe taken in the course of the morning".
In the Deanery of Derby.
[Footnote to page 207: His Lordship generously gratifies the Public, by a permission of inspecting the interior of his Mansion, between the hours of eleven and two, every day, Sundays excepted.]
The Gentleman's Magazine Library

KILBURNE
Hamlet in the parish of Horsley in the Deanery of Derby.

KILLAMARSH
See Eckington.

KIRK HALLAM
"This parish contains the hamlet of Mapperley. The living is a vicarage; the church is dedicated to All-saints. Its clear value is £11 6s. 2d. and yearly tenths 8s. 11½d. Sir Windsor Hunloke is the patron. The church was formerly impropriated to the Abbey at Dale".
In the Deanery of Derby.

KIRK IRETON
"anciently Hiretune, contains about 150 houses and above 700 inhabitants. The living is a rectory; the church is dedicated to the Holy Trinity; and the Dean of Lincoln is the patron".
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

KIRK LANGLEY
"in Domesday called Langlei, where, at that time, "Levenot had four carucates of land to to be taxed. Land to six ploughs. There is now one plough in the demesne, and two villanes, and four bordars have two ploughs; Wood pasture one mile long, and three quarentens broad, and an equal quantity of coppice wood. Value in king Edward's time, 100s. now 40s." The living of Kirk Langley is a rectory valued in the king's books at £12 2s. 1d., and yearly tenths £1 4s. 2d. In the church there are several monuments of the Meynil and Beresford families. The parish, which is a single hamlet, contains 60 to 70 houses".
In the Deanery of Derby.

KNIVETON
"Not far from the last mentioned place [Hognaston], is Kniveton, anciently Cheniueton, a pretty considerable hamlet lying on the road to Ashburn. "Kniveton", says Camden, hath given both name and seat to the famous family of Kniveton, from whence the Knivetons of Mercaston and Bradley, of whom is S. Louis Kniveton, to whose study and diligence I am much indebted".
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

Parishes L

LANGLEY
A hamlet in the Deanery of Derby and parish of Heanor. See Heanor.

LANGLEY and MEYNEL LANGLEY
See Kirk Langley.

LANGWITH
See Over-Langwith.

LEA
"in Domesday Lede is another small hamlet in the parish of Ashover. Here there is a cotton mill, erected about twenty years ago by the late Peter Nightingale, Esq. : it now belongs to __ Shore Esq. Near this is cotton mill is a cupola furnace for smelting lead belonging to Mr. Alsop. Above these is Lea Hall, a large house, with a stone front, formerly the residence of Mr Nightingale : and at a little distance from it is a small Unitarian meeting-house.
In the vale below is Lea Wood, the residence and manufactury of Thomas Saxon, Esq. who employs about 120 hands at the hat factory adjoining the house. "The dwelling-house stands by the side of the road from Cromford to Nottingham, and immediately behind it, the workshops, warehouses, and some of the dwellings of the workmen - all are constructed of the stone of the country, and, together, form a considerable cluster of buildings.
"Hills covered with wood, rise very near the front and back of the house, and at a greater distance, this is the case on all sides - it is literally imbosomed amidst hills and hanging woods. The multitude of trees is really wonderful, when one considers, that a very little below the surface, the whole country seems to be a stone quarry. From the garden, the aqueduct, a handsome, well-arched bridge, carries the canal over the river, is seen to advantage. The canal and the Derwent run for a considerable way side by side, and both pass through a narrow valley, the sides of which, are the wood-covered hills before mentioned.
"The villages of Lea and Holloway are scattered over a considerable extent of rising ground, to the North and West; and from various parts of them, command delightful and extensive views into the vales below. Lead mines and lime works are scattered over all the neighbourhood"."
In the Deanery of Chesterfield.
Dethick, Lea and Holloway - Kelly's 1891 Directory

LINTON
Hamlet in the parish of Gresley in the Deanery of Repington. [See Gresley]

LITTLE BARLOW
A hamlet in the parish of Dronfield and Deanery of Chesterfield. See Dronfield.

LITTLE CHESTER
"The Roman city of Derventio, now called Little Chester. This village stands on the East bank of the River Derwent, about half a mile from Derby, contains from thirty to forty houses. There are several circumstances which combine to prove that this spot was once a Roman station. The present name (Chester) is evidently derived from the Latin word Castrum, (a camp) from it once having been a Roman military situation "Now", says Camden, "where the Derwent turns its course to the eastward, stands Little Chester, i.e. a Little City." But the vestiges of its Roman origin, though few, may still be traced. Dr. Stukely, in the year 1721, endeavored to ascertain its form and extent : and was so far successful, as to trace the track of the wall all round, and in some places discovered under ground, its foundations in the pastures, and some vaults alongside it. He discovered that the cellar of one of the then existing houses was built on a side of the wall, which was three yards thick. He observed that the station was of a square form and that the castrum was five hundred feet by six hundred : it was situated between the great Roman road called the Ricning and the river Derwent. Within the walls he found foundations of houses ; and in the fields, round what is called the castle, he traced the direction of streets overlaid with gravel.
... Ikeneld-street, or greater Roman road, which proceeds from Monks'-bridge near Burton, through Little Chester to Chesterfield. It is said, that the foundations of this ancient bridge, carrying this road across the Derwent, was visible near a century ago when the water was clear.
... At the time of the Norman survey, Little Chester was a place of some note, as is there noticed, under the name of Cestre. However, at present, no monuments of its ancient grandeur remain. The camp of Roman Legions, has for ages been the pasture of cattle : and the peaceful plough has passed over that ground, on which once stood a city famed for its magnificence and honored with the presence and genius of the mighty masters of the world". In the Deanery of Derby.

LITTLE EATON
"is a chapelry under St. Alkmund's, Derby. It contains about forty houses; and has, of late years, experienced an increase of population, from its vicinity to the Derby canal".
In the Deanery of Derby.

LITTLE LONGSTONE
See Great Longstone.

LITTLE-OVER
See Findern and Little-over.

LITTON
"Litun, is a hamlet in the parish of Tideswell , containing about 74 houses and 348 inhabitants".
In the Archdeaconry of Derby.

LOCKO
"is a Chapelry, consisting of a few houses. Here it is supposed, was situated the Preceptory or Hospital of Lockhay: it was dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene, and is said to have been of the order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem, and subject to a foreign House in France, to which was annually paid from hence, a rent of £20. But upon a war breaking out between France and England in the reign of Edward III. the revenue of the Hospital was seized, and given by the king to King's Hall; in the University of Cambridge.
Locko-Park, is the seat of W.Drury Lowe, Esq. and anciently of the Gilberts and Coopers. The surrounding grounds consist of agreeable slopes, and pleasant inequalities, enlivened by an extensive artificial lake. The style of planting, or rather of pruning, which was adopted during the last century, is, however, too apparent: the rows of trees in some places, forming right-angled triangles, and the clumps appearing tasteless and formal".
In the Deanery of Derby

LONG-EATON
Chapelry in parish of Sawley (there is more information under Sawley).
In the Deanery of Derby.

LONGFORD
"or Laganford, is a parish containing the hamlets of Longford, Hollington (Holintune), Rodsley (Redleslie), Alkmonton (Alchementune), and Bentley (Benedlege)'. The living of Longford is a rectory; and the church is dedicated to St. Chad. It was given by Nicholas de Griesly, alias de Longford, and Margaret his wife to the Monastery of Kenilworth, in Warwickshire. Edward Coke, Esq. is the patron. 'There was formerly a chapel at Alkmonton but the font is the only present remains of it. ...
Longford Hall is the seat of Edward Coke Esq., one of the representatives of the town of Derby in Parliament. It is an ancient and spacious fabric ; with wings, which have the appearance of being more modern that the body of the house. The surrounding grounds are pleasant, and the neighbouring county furnishes a variety of agreeable prospects.
The estate of Longford passed through several families before it became the property of the present possessor. It was, formerly, the seat of a family, who seem to have derived their name from this place".
In the Deanery of Castillar.

LOSCOE
A hamlet in the Deanery of Derby and parish of Heanor. See Heanor.

LULLINGTON
" "In Lullintune," say the Norman surveyors, "there is a priest, and one mill of 6 shillings and 8 pence, and 12 acres of meadow : value 4 pounds". " The living of Lullington is a vicarage, of the clear value of £48. 8s. and yearly tenths, 9s. 2½d. The church is dedicated to All-Saints and was presented by Edward III to the Priory of Gresley.
The hamlet of Coton is within the parish"... [See Coton]
In the Deanery of Repington.

Parishes M

MACKWORTH
"in Domesday called Macheuorde, is a place of some antiquity. The manor in the time of Henry VI[1] belonged to a family of the name of Mackworth; one of which, in the third and fourth years of that king's reign, represented the county in Parliament. There was formerly a castle here, but the only remains of it now visible, is the South-gate, which is nearly entire. The time it was built is uncertain, as well as its original proprietors; but its site is now the property of Lord Scarsdale. In the fourth of Philip and Mary, it was held under the Crown, in the same manner as the honor of Tutbury, by soccage and fealty. According to the tradition of the village, it was demolished during the civil wars, between Charles I. and the Parliament ; and some high ground in the neighbourhood, is still called Cannon-Hills because it is reported, that ordnance were planted there, when the Castle was destroyed.
The living of Mackworth is a vicarage; the church is dedicated to St. All-saints and it is said to have once belonged to the Monastery at Darley".
In the Deanery of Derby.

MAKENEY
"a small hamlet, situated on the western side of the Derwent, was a place of some consequence at the time of the Norman Survey, and is noticed there by the name of Machenie. It contains about twenty-five houses, and one hundred inhabitants".
In the Deanery of Derby.

MAPPERLEY
Hamlet in the parish of Kirk Hallam and Deanery of Derby. See Kirk Hallam.

MAPPLETON
"Mapletune, is a small village, lying in a valley to the North of Ashbourn, on the banks of the Dove. The living is a rectory; and the church is dedicated to St. Mary. The liberty is thought to contain about one hundred and seventy inhabitants".
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

MARKETON
"At Marketon, a small hamlet belonging to the parish of Mackworth is the seat of F. N. C. Mundy, Esq. and able, diligent and respectable magistrate. The manor of Marketon (of which Mackworth and Allestry are members), belonged at the Norman survey, to the Earl of Chester. Some time afterwards, it was possessed by the Touchets ; one of whom married the heiress of Lord Audley, of Audley, in Staffordshire, and acquired that title. In the time of Henry VIII this estate was sold by Touchet, Lord Audley, to Sir John Mundy, Knight, a wealthy goldsmith ; and sometime Lord Mayor of London. This was the lineal ancestor of the present possessor, in whose family the estate has now remained nearly three centuries".
In the Deanery of Derby.
The Gentleman's Magazine Library

MARSTON [Marston-on-Dove]
"called Merstun in Domesday, where at that time there were a church and a priest, was held by the Monks, under Henry de Ferrieres. This living is a vicarage, and the church is dedicated to St. Mary. It formerly belonged to the priory at Tutbury; and the Duke of Devonshire is the patron. The parish also contains the hamlets of Hilton (Hiltune), Hatton (Hattune) and Horne".
In the Deanery of Castillar.

MARSTON MONTGOMERY
"is a chapelry belonging to Cubley, containing, nearly, 100 houses: The chapel dedicated to St. Giles. Here is the site of the house, where the family of Montgomery once lived is shewn. It is said that Dame Margaret Stanhope was the last who inhabited it. In the year 1659 a new house was built with its ruins.
No manufacture of any consequence is carried on in this part of the county of Derby, and therefore the inhabitants are principally engaged in the pursuits of agriculture and rely chiefly upon its products for their support".
In the Deanery of Castillar.

MATLOCK
"The name Matlock includes both the villages of Matlock and Matlock Bath. The former is as ancient as the Conquest, and is chiefly situated on the Eastern bank of the river Derwent. When Domesday was compiled Matlock (then called Meslach) was a hamlet in the manor of Mestesforde, which was part of the demense of the crown. It afterwards became part of the estates of William de Ferreres, Earl of Derby, who had a charter of free Warren granted to him, for his demense lands here. On the attainder of his son Robert de Ferrers, for espousing the cause of Simon de Montford, Earl of Leicester, Matlock, which was then a Manor, reverted to the crown ; and was granted to the seventh of Edward the First, to Edmund Earl of Lancaster, and continued a part of the possessions of the earldom and duchy of Lancaster, until the fourth of Charles the First, when it was granted by the king, together with a number of other manors and estates, to Edward Ditchfield and others, in trust, for the mayor and citizens of London ; and in the following year it was sold by Ditchfield, and the other trustees, to the copyholders of the Manor of Matlock, and is now divided into several small shares. According to the returns made under the late act, the parish contains 492 houses, and 2354 inhabitants.
The living is a rectory; and the church is dedicated to St. Giles. The Dean of Lincoln is the patron. It stands on the verge of a romantic rock, and is a small edifice, unornamented, and destitute of monumental records. It contains a nave, side aisles, and a small chancel ; the outside is embattled, having an ancient tower with pinnacles.
On a hill above the church, called Riber-Hill, are the remains of what has supposed to have been a Druidical Altar. It is called the Hirst-stones, and consists of four rude masses of grit-stone, one of which, apparently the smallest, is placed on the others, and is thought to weigh about two tons. In the upper stone is a circular hole, six inches deep and nine in diameter, wherein about half a century ago, stood a stone pillar".
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.
Matlock
Funeral Garland at Matlock Church describes an ancient custom that accompanied the burial of a maiden
The Gentleman's Magazine Library

MATLOCK BATH.
"is nearly a mile to the south west of this village [Matlock] ; and in approaching it from Cromford, a specimen is presented, of the scenery by which the dale is distinguished. The entrance is through a rock, which has been blasted for the purpose of opening a convenient passage :- and here a scene bursts into view which is impossible to be described :- to extensive to be called picturesque, too diversified to be sublime, and too stupendous to be beautiful ; but at the same time, blending together all the constituent principles of these different qualities. Through the middle of this narrow plain the Derwent flows along, overhung by a profusion of luxuriant beech, and other drooping trees : on the eastern side of the river stands the elegant mansion of Richard Arkwright, Esq. backed by rising grounds, whilst the huge mural banks of the Matlock vale stretch themselves on the West, the white face of the rock which compose them, occasionally shewing itself through the wooden clothing of their sides and head ; this magnificent scenery is singularly contrasted by the vast manufactories and lodging houses at the bottom of the vale.
But to see this magic spot to the greatest advantage, it should be entered at its northern extremity, as its beauties then succeed each other in a proper gradation, and their grandeur and effect are rendered more impressive. The first object that attracts the attention, is the grand and stupendous rock, called the High-Tor, appearing like a vast abrupt wall of limestone, rising almost perpendicularly from the river to the height of more than 350 feet. The lower part of this majestic feature is shaded by yew-trees, elms, limes, and underwood of various foliage: but the upper part, for fifty or sixty yards, presents a rugged front, of one broad mass of perpendicular rock. From the summit of the High-Tor, the vale is seen in all its glory; diversified by woods of various hues and species; the windings of the Derwent, the greyish coloured rocks, and whitened houses imbosomed amidst groves of trees, which sprouting from every crevice in the precipices, give variety and animation to a scene of wonderful beauty.
Directly opposite to the High-Tor, is Masson-Hill, a very high eminence, rising with a less steep ascent than the Tor. The summit of this mountain, is called the Heights of Abraham,[2] and overlooks the country to a vast extent, and furnishes a view of almost the whole length of the valley. Being considerably elevated above every surrounding object, their general size and appearance are greatly changed : even the High-Tor is considerably diminished in grandeur and sublimity ; but this effect is in part compensated, by the extent of the prospect, and the variety of objects which it includes. The height of this eminence is about 750 feet : the path to its summit has been in a winding, or zig-zag direction, through a grove ; and about half-way up is an alcove, from which an extensive view of a great part of Matlock-Dale may be seen through an opening avenue.
On proceeding towards the Bath, the features of the vale assume still more majesty; the left-hand side forming itself into rocky crags, overhang the Derwent. The screen to the right is formed by steep meadows, surmounted by naked downs. In front is a mountainous bank, at whose roots is the lodging-house called the Temple, a few other residences, and what was the Hotel. Following the road the platform before the latter house is arrived at, where the Derwent loses its peaceful character, and its foaming waters roar over the obstructing masses of disjointed rock, with restless rapidity and considerable noise. A small cascade is seen falling down the bank in front ; and in the rear, is a grand face of white rock, richly netted with ivy, and decorated with shrubs.
Following the lower road, which leads to the Old Bath, another house of public reception, a new and most pleasing point of view is reached. Here the river recedes in a curve from the road, forming a little meadow as a foreground to the picture. This is firmly opposed and backed, by a line of rock and wood, a mass of trees rising to the right, and shutting out, for a short time, all the other features of the scenery; amongst which the stream is lost, whilst its murmurs are still heard. A broader face of white rock quickly discovers itself, and the road ascending to Saxton's Bath, affords, not only an indiscribable fine prospect of the track that has been passed, but opens another in front, still superior ;- a reach of alternate rock and wood, nearly half a mile in length, contrasted to the right by desert downs, scarred with crags.
On crossing the river near the Old Bath, it may be observed, that the natural beauties of the place, have received some improvements from art. On landing, three walks are seen pointing through the wood, in different directions. Two of them, by various and frequent windings, along the side of the dale at last lead to the summit, which is attained with little difficulty, through the judicious mode observed in forming the slopes; though the acclivity is exceedingly steep. The other part, which is called the Lover's Walk, has been tarried along the margin of the river, and has been cut through the wood, and is beautifully arched by the intermingled branches of trees which enclose it.
Some have thought that Matlock, some years ago, was infinitely more deserving of admiration, than since the increase of its buildings, and its having become the resort of gay and fashionable visitors. Be that as it may, it still possesses a thousand charms, of which it is scarcely possible for pen or pencil to convey a just representation: and to use the words of Mr. Lipscomb, " Matlock must be allowed to possess superior advantages to the generality of watering places. It has gaiety without dissipation, activity without noise, and facility of communication with other parts or the country undisturbed by the bustle of a public road. It is tranquil without dulness, elegant without pomp, and splendid without extravagance. In it the man of fashion may at all times find amusement, the man of rank may meet with society by which he will not be disgraced, and the philosopher a source of infinite gratification; while they who travel in search of health, will here find a silver clue that leads to her abode."
Diversified beauty, is the prevailing characteristic of the country around Matlock ; and the valley in which Matlock-Bath is situated, is enclosed, and completely shut in, by two ranges of bold and romantic eminences, washed by the Derwent. The village is but small, and consists principally of the Old Bath, the New Bath, two Lodging-Houses, a Museum for the Derbyshire spar, and a few shops and private houses, all of them situated on the south-west side of the river.
Although the scenery of Matlock be so beautiful, it was not until the discovery of its warm springs that it began to attract notice. Prior to the year 1698, it was the residence of a few miners only ; but at that period, " the original bath was built and paved by the Rev. Mr. Fern, of Matlock, and Mr. Heyward, of Cromford; and put into the hands of George Wragg, who to confirm his, title took a lease from the several Lords of the Manor, for ninety-nine (some say 999) years, paying them a fine of £150, and the yearly rent or acknowledgment of six-pence each. He then built a few small rooms adjoining to the bath, which were but a poor accommodation for strangers. The lease and property of Mr. Wragg were afterwards purchased for about £1000, by Messrs. Smith and Pennel of Nottingham, who erected two large commodious buildings, with stables and other conveniences; made a coach-road along the river's side from Cromford, and improved about 1733, descended to his daughter and her husband" and since that time has become the property of several individuals.
The judicious means thus exerted to render the accommodations attractive, and the increased celebrity of the waters, occasioned a great influx of visitors; and a second spring having been discovered, within the distance of about a quarter of a mile, a new bath was formed, and another lodging-house erected, for the reception of company. At a still later period, a third spring was met with, three or four hundred yards eastward of that which was first noticed; but its temperature being some degrees lower than either of the other springs, it was not brought into use till a level had been made in the hill, and carried beyond the point where its waters had intermingled with those of a cold spring. Another bath and lodging-house were then erected. These buildings are respectively named, the Old Bath, the New Bath, and the Hotel. They are, like all the other buildings at Matlock, of stone, neatly finished; and the general cleanliness of the inns, lodging-houses, and inhabitants, cannot escape the notice of travellers. The number of persons that may, at the same time, be accommodated at these, is upwards of 400; and since the taste for contemplating beautiful scenery has become so general, more than this number has been frequently entertained.
The warm springs at Matlock issue from between fifteen and thirty yards above the level of the river : higher or lower, the springs are cold, differing in nothing from common water. The quality of these springs has been examined by several medical gentlemen, who have borne testimony of their beneficial effects. Dr. Percival has observed that Matlock water is grateful to the palate, of an agreeable warmth (68 degrees of Fahrenheit's thermometer) ...
The Matlock season commences about the latter end of April, and continues until November. But even in Winter, Matlock is not devoid of charms : when its hills are clothed in snow, and the drooping woods covered in rime and spangled ice, the scene is beautiful beyond expression ...
The western bank of the Derwent, for the whole distance between the turnpike at Matlock and the old Bath, is one vast bed of tuphus, or petrified moss, as it is vulgarly called, a strata of calcareous incrustation, about twenty feet in thickness. It seems to have had its formation from water which had passed through limestone, and thus become replete with earth; and had then formed itself upon a morass, or collection of moss, shrubs, and small trees, which having incrusted, the vegetable matter gradually decomposed, and left nothing but the stony evelopement, The Petrifying Spring, near the New Bath, has afforded innumerable specimens of these kind of transmutations of vegetable, animal, and testaceous substances, which have been exposed to its influence. The collection exhibited by the person, who shews the spring, contains several extraordinary specimens of its petrifying powers.
On the side of a hill to the west and north-west of the village, are three appertures in the rock, which are respectively named, the Cumberland, the Smedley, and the Rutland Caverns".
[There follows a description of the cavern, another of Willersley Castle: the seat of Richard Arkwright, Esq. and lastly more about Arkwright and his inventions]
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.
Matlock Bath
Further quotes are to be found on the page Arkwright and his Cotton Mill in Matlock Bath
The Gentleman's Magazine Library

MEASHAM
"in Domesday Messeham, which at that time belonged to the king, and was afterwards the property of the Priory at Gresly, is a considerable parish, containing nearly 200 houses. The living is a donative curacy, of the clear value of £2. 7s. The church is dedicated to St Lawrence".
In the Deanery of Repington.
The Gentleman's Magazine Library

MELBOURN(E)
"in Domesday is included in the land belonging to the king; and at that time, there were "at Meileburne, a priest and a church, and one mill of 3 shillings, and 24 acres of meadow". Henry the Second granted Melbourn to Hugh de Beauchamp, whose eldest son gave it to William Fitz-Geoffry with his daughter in marriage.
Edward of Woodstock, Earl of Kent, second son of Edward I obtained, in the nineteenth year of his father's reign, free warren, in Meileburne in Derbyshire. And Robert de Holland, obtained from the king a grant in fee, of the manor of Meleburne, together with several others in the county of Derby, with divers liberties and privileges ... The vestiges of an ancient Castle may yet be traced in this village; but by whom, or at what period it was built, is now impossible to ascertain. That it existed in the time of Edward III is certain ... In the year 1460 this fortress was dismantled by order of Margaret, queen of the last mentioned monarch [Henry VI]. ...
"Lord Melbourne has an agreeable seat, near the village; but it is situated, in a rather confined situation: the family but seldom reside here.
The parish of Melbourn is large, and includes the hamlet of Kings Newton. Its inhabitants, also, are numerous; - they are principally employed in combing and spinning jersey, and working on the stocking frame: a small manufacture of scythe-stones, is likewise carried on here.
The living of Melbourn is a vicarage, valued in the king's books, at £9. 13s. 4d and yearly tenths, 19s. 4d. The church is dedicated to St. Michael and the patron is the Bishop of Carlisle. Sir Ralph Shirley, who died in 1516, bequeathed lands in Melbourn and Worthington to the Chantery of St. Catherine, in St. Michael's church in Melbourn, for ever, to pray for his soul. The variety of religious sects, existing in so small a place as Melbourn has been remarked; as the Presbyterians, Calvinists, Baptists, Quakers, and Methodists, have each a place to worship here".
In the Deanery of Repington.

MELLOR
"is a chapelry under Glossop; the chapel here is dedicated to St. Thomas"[3].
In the Archdeaconry of Derby.

MERCASTON
"called in Domesday, Merchenestune, was held at that time by Gamel under the Earl of Ferrers. There was one plough in the desmesne, and six villaines and four bordars, one plough. There were fourteen acres of meadow, and the site of one mill.
It is thought to have been, in ancient times, a place of greater importance than it is at present. Several old coins have been found in one part of the village; and it is generally supposed to have once contained a seat of one branch of the Kniveton family. At a small distance from the village, a part of an ancient road may be traced, which probably led to some other eminent place in the neighbourhood".
In the Deanery of Derby.

MICKLE-OVER, or GREAT-OVER
"the Ufre of Domesday, was when that book was compiled, included in the land belonging to the abbey of Burton.The living is a vicarage, valued in the king's books, at £9 11s. 5½d, and yearly tenths, 19s 1d. The church is dedicated to All-saints; and in the presentation, Lord Scarsdale has one turn and __ Wilmot two".
In the Deanery of Derby.

MIDDLETON [by Wirksworth]
"Middlelune is a hamlet, situated near the summit of a lofty hill, belonging to the parish of Wirksworth (Deanery of Ashbourne). It contains about sixty houses. The inhabitants are chiefly supported by the lead mines. - The inhabitants of Ibol (Ibeholon) and Grange, which contain about twenty-three houses, are supported in the same way".
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

MIDDLETON [by Youlgreave]
A hamlet in the parish of Youlgrave.
"Middletune is a village situated in a deep and narrow valley and containing about fifty houses. Near this place is one of the most remarkable monuments of antiquity to be found in Derbyshire. This is ARBE-LOUS, or ARBOR-LOWS, a circle of stones, within which the ancient British Bards, were accustomed to hold their assemblies".
[The description of Arbour Lowe is not included]
In the Archdeaconry of Derby.

MILLFORD
"in Domesday Muleford, has of late years, risen from a few houses, to a considerable hamlet. This increase in size and population, is owing to the erection of two large Cotton Mills, on the same construction as those at Belper, and an extensive Bleaching Mill, belonging to the Messrs. Strutts. The Cotton Mills employ about six hundred hands, and the Bleaching Mill sixty more. ... [There is a lengthy description of bleaching, not included here.]
Millford consists of about one hundred and fifty houses, and contains about nine hundred inhabitants. Near the works is the mansion of G. H. Strutt, Esq. A chapel has been erected and a minister is supported here, by G. B. Strutt, Esq. of Belper, for the accommodation of his work-people, and the other inhabitants. A Sunday school, consisting of 150 children is taught here; the masters of which are paid the liberality of the last mentioned gentleman".
In the Deanery of Derby.

MILTON
"is a small hamlet, belonging to the parish of Repton, and stands at a distance of a mile from the town. It contains about 30 houses".
In the Deanery of Repington.

MONEYASH
"Maneis, is also a chapelry in the parish of Bakewell: it consists of about fifty-five houses, scattered irregularly over a large portion of ground, and surrounded by distant elevated tracts of country. In the reign of Edward the First[1], the Archbishop of Canterbury ordered, that, to the twelve acres of fertile land, which the inhabitants gave, at the foundation of the chapel, to the priest celebrating divine worship there three times in a week, they should add one mark every year, and the chapter should pay the remainder, in order that the honor of God, and the increase of his worship, divine service might be continually performed there. The church dedicated to St. Leonard.
William de Lynford, who held the manor of Moneyash in the reign of Edward the Third[1], had a grant of a market and a fair to be held here, in reward for the good services he had performed for the king in Scotland : but the place being now thinly inhabited, the market and fair are discontinued. At the distance of a mile and a half, in a narrow dale, which presents some pleasant scenery, are the quarries where much of the Derbyshire marble is obtained. The rocks from which it is blasted, seem almost wholly composed of etrochi".
In the Archdeaconry of Derby.

"MONSAL-DALE,
is a most pleasing sequestered retreat, at a little distance to the West of the road leading from Ashford to Tideswell. On entering this Dale from the above-mentioned road, the river Wye is seen, winding its current, through a rich and verdant valley. In some places, the scenery is diversified by dark rocks, which jut out on the South side like the immense towers of a strong fortress, with the stream of the river sportively flowing at their feet. Lower down, the crags soften into verdure; the Dale expands, and the eye dwells, enraptured, on the rich prospect that presents itself. The mountainous banks on each side, are diversified, with fine masses of wood, which occasionally slope down to the margin of the river: in other places, the grey colour of the rocks, is beautifully harmonized by shrubs, underwood, and green turf, which intermix their varying tints, and increase the general richness of the scenery. More distant, the bosom of the Dale spreads wider; and the stream softly meanders through luxuriant meadows, having its margin occupied by a small farm-house, encompassed and partly concealed with wood and with its accompaniments, of a rustic wooden bridge, broken rocks, and green turf, composing a very picturesque scene. The scenery of Monsal-Dale, is in some places romantic ; but its general character is picturesque beauty which it possesses in a most enchanting degree - and the man must be destitute of taste for the beauties of nature, who can travel this way, and look into it, without being filled with the highest degree of admiration and delight. - Standing upon the edge of a high and steep precipice, which forms the back ground, and casting the eye down into the valley, almost every object is beheld, which can contribute to render a small scene beautiful : and the sight is delighted with one of the most pleasing views, that the plastic hand of Nature ever arranged, "Peaceful Monsal-Dale! let us look down thy sequestered hamlets, and thy huts of happiness! long, long may it be, ere the emissairies of darkness create among thy inhabitants, envies, anxieties, and wretchedness, or lucre lead them from their native paradise!"
"On the summit of the eminence that overlooks Monsal-Dale, and is here called the Great Finn, was a large barrow, about 160 feet in circumference, chiefly composed of broken masses of limestone, to obtain which, the barrow was destroyed, at different times, in the years 1794, 1795, and 1796. Within this tumulus, various skeletons were discovered, as well as several urns of coarse clay, slightly baked, containing burnt bones, ashes, beaks of birds, &c. Two of the skeletons were of gigantic size, and lay in opposite directions, with their feet pointing to an urn placed between them. In one part, at the bottom, was a cavity cut in the solid rock (two feet nine inches broad, and two feet one inch in depth,) wherein lay the bones of a skeleton with the face downward; and on the top of the skull, where it appeared to have been fixed by a strong cement, a piece of black Derbyshire marble, dressed, two feet in length, nine inches broad, and six inches thick: under the head, were two small arrow-heads of flint. In another cavity formed in the soil, with flat stones at the sides and bottom, were ashes and burnt bones. A spear-head, and some other memorials of ancient customs, were also found here. It should be noticed, that, excepting the side next the precipice, the summit of the Great Finn, is surrounded by a double ditch, with a vallum to each : the distance between the valla, is 160 yards.
"Mr. Hayman Rooke, from whose letter, inserted in the twelfth volume of the Archæologia, some of the above particulars are extracted, imagines this barrow to have been of very remote antiquity, and quotes a passage in confirmation, from the Nenia Britannica ; the learned author of which, when speaking of arrow-heads of flint observes, 'they are evidences of a people not in the use of malleable metal; and it therefore implies, wherever these arms are found in barrows, they are incontestibly the relics of a primitive barbarous people, and preceding the æra of those barrows, in which brass or iron arms are found."
* Beauties of England, Vol. III. p. 483."

MORLEY
"or Morleia is parish including the chapelry of Smalley. The church at Morley, was built by Richard Statham, about the commencement of the fourteenth century: and one of his descendants, who died in 1444 presented it with three bells. At the East end there are several monumental inscriptions, to the memory of the Stathams, and Sacheverels, the ancient Lords of the manor. Under an arch of the South wall, within the communion-rail, some years ago, there was a brass tablet with this inscription;
Thou art my Brother or my Sister,
Pray for us a pater-noster.

The living is a rectory; and the presentation the church, which is dedicated to St. Mary, belongs to Sacheverel Pole Esq. and Hugh Bateman, Esq. by turns.
The village of Smalley is pretty considerable in size, and its chapel is dedicated to John the Baptist".
In the Deanery of Derby.

MORTON
"at the compilation of Domesday there were at Mortune a church and a priest. The liberty of Morton is but of small extent, containing about twenty-five houses. The living is a rectory, and the church dedicated to the Holy-Cross.
Brackenfield is a hamlet belonging to this parish, containing about thirty houses: its chapel is dedicated to the Holy Trinity".
In the Deanery of Chesterfield.

MOS(S)BOROUGH[4]
See Eckington.

MUGGINTON
" "In Mogintun," say the Norman surveyors, " Gamel had two carucates of land to be taxed. Land to three ploughs. There
is now one plough in the demesne, and eight villanes, and eight bordars have two ploughs. There is a church and a priest, and one mill of three shillings, and three acres of meadow.- Wood pasture, one mile and a half long, and one mile broad. Value in king Edward's time forty shillings, now twenty shillings. Chetel holds it."
In the parish of Mugginton are included the hamlets of Mercaston and Weston-under-Wood, which, together with that of Mugginton, are supposed to consist of about one hundred and twenty houses. The living is a rectory. The value in the king's books is £9. 2s. 8¼d. The church is dedicated to All-Saints; and, formerly paid 6s. 8d. to the priory of Tutbury"[5].
In the Deanery of Derby.

Parishes N

NETHER- PADLEY
Township in the parish of Hathersage. See Hathersage.

NEWBOLD
One of the chapelries and hamlets in the parish and Deanery of Chesterfield, together with 'Brimington (Brimintune), Temple Normanton, Dunstone, Walton (Waletune), Tupton, Calow and Hasland, containing altogether about 500 houses. [See Chesterfield]

NEWHALL
[Stanton and Newhall] "is a hamlet, lying within the parish of Stapenhill. It contains but few houses; and the inhabitants are chiefly supported by collieries, which are working at the place"
In the Deanery of Repington.

NEWHAVEN
See Hartington.

NEW MILLS
See Mellor and Glossop.

NEWTON-SOLNEY
"Newetin is a small village situated on the banks of the Trent: consisting of about 50 houses.The living of Newton is a donative curacy; the church is, dedicated to St Mary, and is supposed to have formerly belonged to the Priory, either of Repton or Gresley".
In the Deanery of Repington.

NORBURY
"At the time of the Norman survey there was a priest and a church at Nortberie. The liberty of Norbury is but small: it includes the hamlet of Roston, and the chapelry of Snelson, (Snellestune) whose chapel is dedicated to St. Peter. The living is a rectory; the church is dedicated to St. Mary.
At Norbury was the ancient seat of the Fitzherberts, to whom the manor was given in 1125, by William de Ferrers, Prior of Tutbury, and in whose possession, it has continued to the present time. Several of this family, have been celebrated for their learning, but none more so, than Sir Anthony Fitzherbert. He was born at Norbury, and educated at Oxford, from whence he removed to one of the Inns of Court. In 1523, he was made a Judge in the Court of Common Pleas, where he presided during part of the reign of Henry VIII. and is reported to have opposed Cardinal Wolsey, in the plenitude of his power. He wrote, 1. The Grand Abridgment of the English Law; 2. A Collection of Laws; 3. The Office and Authority of Justices of the Peace; 4. The Office of Sheriffs, and 5. New Natura Brevium; works which are still in repute among the students of his profession. He is also supposed, to have written a book on the Surveying of Land; and another on Husbandry. He died in 1538, and was buried in Norbury church.
There were, also, two of Sir Anthony's grandsons, who signalized themselves, in the republic of letters. Thomas Fitzherbert, whose writings are wholly controversial, was a Jesuit, and rector of the English College at Rome, where he died in 1640. Nicholas Fitzherbert, wrote, 1. A Description of the University of Oxford; 2. On the Antiquity and Continuation of the Catholic Religion in England; 3. The Life of Cardinal Allen. He went to Italy in 1572, where he resided with Cardinal Allen, till 1612, when he was drowned.
The last possessor of the estate was, William Fitzherbert, Esq. whose death was occasioned, by imprudently venturing into a cold bath, after having heated himself by walking. This gentleman's widow, is the celebrated Mrs. Fitzherbert, so well known in the fashionable world, for having excited the admiration of an illustrious Personage"[6].
In the Deanery of Ashbourne.

NORTH WINGFIELD
"When Domesday was written, Winnefelt was included in the manor of Pinnesley (Pillsley); and there were a church and a priest belonging to it. The living is a rectory, and the church is dedicated to St. Lawrence. 'In the liberty of North Wingfield are the hamlets of Williamsthorp Wilemestorp, Pilsley (Pinneslei), Stretton (Streitun), Ford, Hanly (Henlege), Clay-cross [Clay Lane], Tupton (Tapetune), Woodthorp and Ainmoor containing altogether about 1335 inhabitants".
In the Deanery of Chesterfield.

NORTON
"in Domesday Nortune, is a parish, consisting of several hamlets and containing about 300 houses. The present living is a vicarage, and the church is dedicated to Saint James. As early as the conclusion of the 12th century, there was a church at Norton: for Robert son of Ralph, Lord of Alfreton, Norton, and Marnham, who founded the abbey of Beauchief, gave it to that religious house. Jeffery Blithe, bishop of Litchfield and Coventry, who died in 1534, built a chapel at Norton, and an alabaster tomb over his parents; and appointed a chantry for them.
In former times, two great courts were held at Norton every year; where a variety of business belonging to the parish was transacted.
There is a congregation of Unitarians at Norton who, as early as the reign of Charles II[1], performed divine service in a private house in the village.
The village of Great Norton, is pleasantly situated, and contains several large and good houses. Here is Norton-Hall, residence of Samuel Shore, Esq.. who is possessed of the manor of Norton. Norton-House, in the same village, is the seat of the seat of __ Newton Esq: and at a small distance from it is an ancient mansion of John Bagshaw, Esq. The manufacture of scythes is carried out to a great extent in this parish".
In the Deanery of Chesterfield.
The Gentleman's Magazine Library

Parishes O

OAKTHORP
See Okethorp.

OCKBROOK
"or Ockbruke, or (as it is in Domesday) Ochebroc, is a parish, including the hamlet of Borrowash. The living is a curacy, and the church is dedicated to All-Saints. It formerly belonged to the Abbey at Darley. William de Grendon gave the village to Dale Abbey.
The Moravians have established a society and erected a place of worship at Ockbrook; they have a minister of their own, to whose support they all contribute; and are under the care and direction of a governess. The Moravian brethren are chiefly employed in the manufacture of stockings, and the sisters in tambour, needlework and embroidery".
(Note: Also see Elvaston)
In the Deanery of Derby.

OFFCOTE
See Ashbourne.

OKETHORP
Achetorp in Domesday 'is situated in the different parishes of Measham, Stretton, and Gresley'. In the Deanery of Repington.

OSMASTON
"in Domesday, written Osmundestune, is a small hamlet in the parish of Brailsford, containing, together with the whole liberty, about 50 houses. The chapel is dedicated to St. Martin, and valued at £15".
In the Deanery of Castillar.

OSMASTON (by Derby)
"in Domesday called Osmundestune, is a small chapelry belonging to the parish of St. Werburgh in Derby. The chapel is dedicated to All-saints, and Sir Robert Wilmot is the patron. At Osmaston is the seat of Sir Robert Wilmot, a descendant of a very ancient family. - Speed mentions a nobleman of this name who lived in Essex, in the reign of king Ethelred. - In the eleventh century a family of the name of Wyllmot, resided at Sutton-upon-Soar, in the county of Nottingham. The present Baronet is a descendant of a younger branch of the family, which settled at Chaddesden, early in the sixteenth century. The estate at Osmaston has been in the family of the present possessor for nearly two centuries. The house was erected in 1696, partly of brick and partly of stone ; but the brick work has since been stuccoed. It has two fronts ; that to the South measures 192 feet in length ; and that to the North 217 : the latter has a very handsome appearance when viewed from the London road, which passes within half a mile of the mansion. This building is furnished with a well chosen library, and contains a variety of paintings.
[The list of the paintings, plus a description of some of them, is not included here.]
The grounds of Osmaston were laid out by Emes, and though not of any remarkable beauty, are yet pleasant ; as their situation being somewhat more elevated that the adjacent country, gives them a greater command of prospect, than the neighbourhood could be supposed to afford. The estate is tolerably wooded ; and the vicinity of the house improved by an ornamental fish-pond, and pleasure ground : the latter, with the kitchen garden, includes about five acres of land".
In the Deanery of Derby.

OUTSEATS
Township in the parish of Hathersage. See Hathersage.

OVER-LANGWITH
"This parish is small, containing but few houses, whose inhabitants rely entirely upon agriculture for employment and support. In the time of Henry the Second, Langwith church was given to Thurgaston Priory, in Nottinghamshire. The living is a rectory; the church is dedicated to St. Helena; and the Duke of Devonshire is the patron".
In the Deanery of Chesterfield.


Notes on the above:

[1] Edward I reigned 1272-1307; Edward III reigned 1327-1377; Henry VI reigned 1422-1461; Charles II reigned 1469-1685.
[2] Davies adds a footnote about The Heights of Abraham at Matlock Bath: " This name, it is supposed, was given it, from its similarity to the Heights of Abraham near Quebec, rendered memorable by the enterprise of the gallant Wolfe, in 1759".
[3] Though not mentioned by Davies, according to the Lysons the chapelry of Mellor "comprises the vills, hamlets or townships of Mellor, Ludworth, Chisworth, Whittle and part of Thornsett. The greater part of the populous village of New-mills is in the hamlet of Whittle ... the villages of Raworth, Marple-bridge and Mellor-moor-end are also in this chapelry. ..
Mellor Hall, anciently the seat of the Mellor family."
[4] Whilst not mentioned by Davies, Mos(s)borough Hall is in Mossborough. Sold by the Burtons about 1671 to the Stone family, it was subsequently owned by Samuel Staniforth Esq. and then his sister, Mrs Elizabeth Poynton.
[5] The Lysons record the township of Ravensdale Park as within the parish of Muggington.
[6] Mrs Fitzherbert was a mistress, and probably the wife, of George IV when he was the Prince of Wales (and later Prince Regent).


Davies' book
An Ann Andrews book transcript