South Parade seems to be very quiet in this scene, with just
a handful of soldiers admiring the fish in the Fish Pond.
Matlock Bath was to have a large number of soldiers billeted
in the village during the First World War. In February 1915
the Army Services Corps (ASC) arrived with their horses and
men were billeted in the Palais Royal (Old Pavilion) and
the Kursaal (Grand Pavilion) with their officers staying
in the Royal Hotel. The Grand Pavilion's Pump Room became
the soldiers' canteen. More troops, this time from Harrogate,
arrived in March and went to the New Bath, Masson House and
several others large properties including The Central Café.
The name on the roof of Boden's large restaurant was quite
faded by this time and the building was later used by the
In August 1917 what was deemed to be an excellent report on
health conditions in the district was submitted to Matlock
Bath UDC. In his half yearly account Dr. Harvey, the Medical
Officer, said that nine births and eleven deaths had been recorded,
so the birth rate was 5.9 per thousand of the population and
the death rate 7.2. As the average age at death was 51½
it was a sign of longevity in the district.
This presumably only covered the people actually in Matlock Bath
and Scarthin during the period. Earlier in the year there had
been a memorial service for Corporal F. R. Froggatt, Trooper
John Clay (grandfather of the web mistress) and the Watson brothers
who all had links to Matlock Bath. My grandfather is the only
one of these whose name appears on the memorial.
William Ernest Knight was killed shortly afterwards and George
William Boden was killed in the May, leaving a wife and large
family. Another young Matlock Bath man, Frank Wigley Boden, was
to die in November. He was only 19. William Henry Elliott was
killed in action in September and Thomas Cecil Burdett was to
die in December.
The full list of those with Matlock Bath
connections to be killed or died in 1917 whilst on war service,
and in other years, can be found on Names
on Matlock Bath's War Memorial
Matlock Bath's Council was faced with a different problem
later in the year as the Clerk had been approached by Mr. R.
Taylor, clerk of Matlock Council, about the new name for the
former West Derbyshire Parliamentary Division as he wished
to know if Matlock Bath would support a name change to the
Matlock Division. Whilst Mr. Buxton was adamant that it should
be the Matlock Bath division, the rest of the Council
thought they should support Matlock's request. It all came
to nothing anyway as the name of the Parliamentary constituency
is still West Derbyshire.
Matlock & Matlock
Bath Newspaper Cuttings, Jul 1914 - Nov 1918
Postcard of "South Parade and Heights of Abraham, Matlock
Published by W. H. Hackney, Stationer, Household Stores, Matlock
Bath, No.4963-315. Stamp missing but posted in Matlock Bath
to Miss Cottee, possibly a Nottinghamshire school teacher.
Message not relevant.
Image © Ann Andrews collection.
Information researched, written by and © Ann Andrews.
Intended for personal use only.
links are to transcripts or more information elsewhere on
this web site):
 Beresford, Charles (2007) "The
Bath at War, A Derbyshire Community and the Great War".
Country Books/Ashridge Press. ISBN 978 1 901214 91 8.
 "Belper News", 24 August 1917
 "High Peak News", 28 April
1917. Our Roll of Honour. Memorial Service at the Parish Church.
My grandfather was the only resident. See Matlock Bath War Memorial Clay,
John and Names Not
on the Memorial about the other men.
 "Belper News", 26
October 1917. Matlock Bath Councillor Digs It up again (this referred
to the longstanding rivalry between the two Councils).