To return to the page you were last looking at, please use "Back" on
Interested in old unusual words?
See the Glossary of Derbyshire
It covers Advowson to Wapentakes, and includes Domesday
If you have a query I haven't answered but you would like addressed,
or a subject you think I should include something about, please
Also see Civil
- Is the date of baptism the same as the date of birth?
Not usually. It depended when the vicar was available, how
far the family lived from the nearest church, and even whether
they wanted the child baptized at the time. The parents
may have been Nonconformists. There were adult baptisms
and batch baptisms where several children were baptized
together. It is easy to mistake batch baptisms for the baptisms
of twins or triplets. Batch baptisms were quite frequent
in the nineteenth century. After the beginning of National
Registration less children were baptized, though at the
beginning people thought they could get away with baptizing
a child and not registering the birth.
So you may be lucky pre July 1837 and find a date of birth
written alongside the baptism in the parish register but
the incumbent did not always do this as he was not required
to. I've heard people say the average wait was six weeks
before baptism, but people could have been baptized at any
age, from a few minutes old until the day they died. A register
sometimes records a baptism amongst the burials where, for
example, a child was born and died the same day - though
vicars also made mistakes and wrote the event in the wrong
- How do I find a baptism?
Check the parish register or BTs. Matlock Bishop's Transcripts
have been transcribed.
Marriages and Burials are on this website
For non Matlock marriages you can also check the parish
registers or BTs, but you might like to use a finding aid
to help you first of all. So why don't you:
a. Check the IGI to see if you can find the baptism
of the person you are seeking. If so then you can order
in the microfilm of the parish records and look at the full
details. If his parents came from the same area then they
may have married in the same church.
b. If the IGI doesn't help you, check the British
Vital Records - available on CD ROM.
c. Not every parish record pre 1837 is in the IGI
or the BVR - and for Derbyshire you are most likely looking
at BTs - so your next step is to look in the various parish
registers within the time frame. This is the last option
as it could prove really time consuming.
If you are lucky enough to find who you are looking for
quickly having used either 'a' or 'b' above successfully
then you may want to obtain a copy of the register from
the Derbyshire Record Office in Matlock. It may give you
additional information such as the father's occupation and
sometimes the date of birth.
But not everyone is successful. Unfortunately, it is occasionally
extremely difficult to get much further back in time with
your research because of late baptisms, nonconformity, lack
of wills or even baptisms taking place in people's homes
and not recorded by the incumbent.
- In the registers the word 'spurious' is written against
a child's baptism.
The child was illegitimate. Quite often both parents are
named in the register and they were married later.
- What is a half child?
This also means illegitimate.
- What was burial in woollen?
Laws were passed in 1666 and 1678 to help the woollen industry.
People had to be buried in a woollen shroud and the vicar
signed an affidavit (this was of a sworn oath) which could be rather wordy. The Act was finally repealed in 1814.
- An ancestor was buried in the chancel. Where is this?
He or she was buried inside the church. The chancel is the
part of the church used by the choir and from where the
- There's a burial on the very edge of the churchyard.
Was this person buried in an area reserved for Nonconformists?
Had he/she committed a crime and been hung? Sometimes criminals
were buried outside the churchyard. Perhaps the church has
extended the boundaries?
- What about a headstone?
If your ancestor's living relatives could afford to pay
for one one, there may have been a headstone or plaque to
commemorate the deceased. This may no longer be readable.
Paupers would not have had a memorial erected; some were
buried in mass graves.
- How to I find the place where someone is buried, if
there is no headstone?
If you know the name of the cemetery of churchyard, records
are likely to exist. To locate the exact spot or find out
more you may have to pay a search fee. A cemetery - or the
ones that have been opened in the more recent past - will
have a grave book and a plan, so you can find the grave
or burial plot number and perhaps additional information.
Churchyard plans may be slightly different and may not be
complete. Some churches recorded the burial plots on linen
scrolls. If this information isn't at County Record Offices,
it will be held by the church or churchwardens and they
may need to be contacted but try the local Record Office
before you contact the church.
- How often have censuses been held in England and Wales
and when did they begin?
A census has been held every ten years in since 1801, apart
from during WW2; no census took place in 1941. The census
returns from 1801 - 1831 were little more than head counts.
- Why bother to use the 1841 census? I understand it
doesn't say much.
It may not be as informative as later census returns but
is well worth looking at. It was the first full record of
everyone alive in the country.
on the 1841 Census of England and Wales has more information
- Can I obtain a copy of the original schedule to check
what my ancestor actually wrote and whether he/she filled
out the form?
After the Census Enumerator had collected the completed
forms from each household he copied the results into books
that are now held by The National Archives. It is the Enumerator's
handwriting that is in these books, not the householder's.
The original householders' schedules were destroyed.
- How did the the Enumerator manage to spell the name
Enumerators only recorded what they were told, so it could
be that he didn't hear properly if he had to write the information
down himself or that couldn't read what the head of the
household had written. But if you are looking at a transcript
of a particular census, before you assume that the Enumerator
was at fault can I suggest you make sure you have seen the
enumerator's original version (on microfilm or microfiche,
depending on the year). It could be that the enumerator
was correct, but the transcriber had some difficulty reading
- How do I find what is included in a census as I am
not sure if a transcript I have has everything that was
Have a look at:
included in the census return transcripts on this website
There's an example of the page header from the 1871
census at the bottom of the page.
- I've discovered someone with the occupation given as
Accountant in the census.
Are you sure you've read this correctly? It is quite likely
to be an Annuitant.
| Civil Registration
- When did Civil Registration begin in England and Wales?
National registration began in July 1837; before then no
birth, marriage or death certificates were issued.
- What about people born, marrying or dying in, say,
For people born, married or dying before July 1837 you would
need to check the baptism, burial or marriage in the church
register. See Baptism and Burial
above and Marriage & Marital Status
below. The parish register sometimes contains the date of
birth alongside the baptism, or date of death with the burial
- What Registration District is Matlock part of?
Matlock is part of the Bakewell Registration District. However,
when Civil Registration first began, and for a very few
years afterwards, Matlock was actually the Registration
- What is information is given on a full English or Welsh
An individual's full name, the date and place of birth (on
early certificates the address information may be scanty),
the child's sex, the name of the mother, the father's name
and his occupation (unless the child was illegitimate in
which case this box is left blank) and the person who informed
the registrar of the birth. Also the Registration District
and the signature of the Registrar. A birth certificate
does not give the date or place of baptism.
- Why is the time of birth is shown on the Birth Certificate?
It wasn't usual for the time of birth to be given. If a
time is given it may indicate that the individual was a
twin, in which case the GRO reference will be exactly the
same for the sibling. You would need to check the GRO indexes
in the same year and quarter to see if anyone else was born
with the surname who was given an identical reference. To
be completely certain you would then need to and obtain
a certificate to check the child had the same parents.
- What is information is given on an English or Welsh
The full name of the deceased, when and where they died
(on early certificates the address information may be scanty),
their sex and age, the cause of death and whether the cause
was certified, the signature and address of the informant
with a description (i.e. in attendance or similar) when
the death was registered. Also the Registration District
and the signature of the Registrar. The informant was supposed
to be a close relative unless the deceased person had died
in somewhere like the workhouse. From 1975 onwards the date
of birth is also included. A death certificate does not
give the date or place of burial.
- What is information is given on an English or Welsh
As well as the name and surname of the man and woman, their
ages, condition (e.g. bachelor or spinster), occupation,
residence at the time of marriage, father's name and his
occupation is given. It also gives the date and place of
the marriage. The bride and groom would have signed the
register (people who could not write put a mark against
their name, usually a X). The signatures or names and marks
of two or more witnesses are given, plus the name of the
- I've been unable to find a GRO reference for a birth
or death that occurred after June 1837.
If you can't find a birth certificate for the surname you
are seeking it is be worth checking under the mother's maiden
name just in case the child was born before his or her parents
married. It is also possible that the birth may be recorded
by the local Superintendent Registrar but is not in the
National GRO indexes. You should also check for a 'late'
entry in case the parents were slow to register the birth
of their child - in some cases late registration meant that
the information given may not have been accurate as the
parents may have wanted to avoid being fined! But some births
were never registered, especially in the early days of Civil
Registration, and you may have to look for a baptism.
After June 1837 a death certificate had to be produced before
burial could take place and it is less likely that deaths
weren't registered. But some passed through the net nevertheless.
In my personal research I've seen one parish register where
the incumbent saw very few death certificates before he
allowed the burial - the register says so quite clearly.
I was fortunate to obtain the date of death from the will
of the deceased. It was also on his gravestone but a memorial
inscription is less reliable as a source as it may have
been commissioned some years after the death.
- If births and deaths are missing, what about marriages?
Some spouse names are not in the GRO indexes. You may need
to check locally. Fortunately, some Family History Societies
are cooperating with Superintendent Registrars and are jointly
checking through the local registers. Cheshire's scheme
has been under way for some years and Lancashire followed
suit. Both have searchable indexes available on the Internet.
Derbyshire FHS is undertaking a similar project and the
results of their work is available on the FFHS Pay-Per-View
to Useful Genealogy Sources - look under each county
- All the children of a couple have birth certificates
showing the father and the mother, and the mother's maiden
name appears on the certificates as well as against the
baptisms in the parish registers. I've searched both the
parish registers and the GRO indexes for a marriage, but
haven't found one.
Have you looked over a long enough period? Maybe one
of the couple had been married before and it was a 'mistake'.
It wasn't all that easy in the past to get out of a marriage
where one or the other of the couple was unhappy and divorce
was expensive. So if the first wife, whom one or other of
the couple had separated from, was still alive they couldn't
legally marry. They just had to wait if they couldn't afford
to go through with a divorce. If the first spouse was fit
and healthy the couple may have had to wait a long time
indeed before he/she died.
- What about divorce?
See the above question and answer. Before 1857 divorce had
to be obtained through an Act of Parliament. Even after
1857 it wasn't easy to obtain a divorce. Divorce records
exist at London Probate Department, London. They are not open to
the public, but a search may be conducted upon payment of
| Fealty and obligations
to the Lord of the Manor / King
What was fealty?
A feudal tenant's obligation of fidelity to his lord.
There may have been an extra service (such as as hay making,
plowing, reaping) required by a feudal lord of his tenants.
This was boon [bon / bone] work, so you may come across ploughbon,
In return, the lord may have supplied bone-kake, boon loaf
(i.e. bread ] for boon work undertaken
Or money may have been exchanged in lieu of boon work, so
~ penny, ~ silver
With thanks to Beverley for an interesting discussion on
this and for then checking the online MED
| Framework Knitting
Was it a rough existence?
Frame work knitters were desperately poor in the nineteenth
century; conditions were especially bad in the 1840's and
many depended on parish relief. High taxation, bad harvests,
over production, and a decrease in demand (the closure of
the American market) all contributed. A framework knitter
could work for 17 or 18 hours a day, often finishing at 11
o'clock at night. He'd probably have had very little to eat
and would possibly have had starving children. It was piece
work and the knitter was dependent on a master hosier. He
(the knitter) often had to waste an enormous amount of time
going into a nearby town to take the hose in, collect his
wages and more yarn. At one time, apprentices in this industry
had to go up to London at the end of their seven year apprenticeship
- what an expense for someone living in the East Midlands.
Despite a lengthy investigation in 1844, nothing was done
to improve the lot of a FWK for another thirty years.
| Hurker Hall
Hurker Hall is mentioned in every census between 1851
and 1891 as being a landmark on the boundary between Darley
See Darley Dale, Hurker
Hall (Farley) in another part of this web site)
This was high, especially in large towns and cities
during the nineteenth century. Check both baptisms and burial
records to ensure the child you think might be your ancestor
hasn't died either in infancy or as a child. Parish registers
record burials of infants with their mothers, where both had
died from complications in childbirth. There are also some
records showing a baptism and burial at the same time. Stillborn
children may only be buried, not baptised. Sometimes no name
is recorded and the register merely states that there had been
a burial of a /child / son / daughter / infant of Mr. X.
- What is an acre?
An acre is standardized today to 43,560 square feet (160
- And a 'bovate'?
A 'bovate' was what one ox could plough in a year. The area
of land (i.e. acre) was later limited by statute to a piece
of land 40 poles long by 4 broad (=4840 sq. yds) or its
equivalent. According to one dictionary we have (1946 Edition)
the 'so-called Scotch acre contains about 6,150 square yards
and the Irish acre 7,840. There are various special or local
acres in England (as in Cheshire or among the hop-growers),
varying from 440 to more than 10,000 square yards'.
- Plough and plough-land?
A plough was as much as a yoke of oxen could plough in a
day. Plough-land was the amount of land a team of eight
oxen could plough in a year.
- What is a rood or rod?
A quarter of an acre - or 0.25 of an acre.
| Latin - a few words
||Advent or arrival
||husbandman or farmer
||esquire, squire (given after a name)
|to constitute, appoint, establish, decide,
||marriage or marriage contract
||farmer or farm labourer
|filius or filia nulli -
||illegitimate, bastard (son or daughter
|filius or filia populi -
||illegitimate, bastard (son or daughter
of the people)
in the first place, firstly. You'll often see this in
||harlot, prostitute, whore
natural (used to describe a relationship, so a natural
child is one related by blood and could either be legitimate
(either he or she) died
*Highly recommended for amateur genealogists and local historians
to have on their shelves is:
Morris, Janet (March 1995) "A Latin Glossary for Family
and Local Historians" pub. Federation of Family History
Societies (Publications) Ltd ISBN 0 907099 89 0
| Marriage and Marital
- What was the Hardwicke Marriage Act, 1753?
It was designed to prevent clandestine marriages. From then
on marriages had to take place in the parish church and
banns were to be published or a marriage licence obtained.
A register of banns had then to be kept. Pre-Hardwicke the
marriages were entered into registers on blank sheets of
paper but post-Hardwicke printed forms were supposed to
be used and status, groom's occupation, consent of parents
if one of the couple was a minor, signatures (or marks)
of the couple and witnesses were written down.
- Why have I found banns listed as being called and not
found a marriage?
Maybe one of the pair intending to marry got cold feet so
they decided not to marry. Perhaps someone intervened as
the marriage was unsuitable for any number of reasons, including
the marriage of a minor.
- The word 'spurious' is written against a child's baptism
but I know his parents married.
The parents were married after the child was baptized.
See baptism above.
- There is no father recorded against the bride/groom
on the marriage certificate.
It is likely that the person getting married was illegitimate.
- Although there was no father's name recorded the first
time my ancestor married he/she seems to have had a father
when he/she married his/her second wife.
It is likely he/she was illegitimate. Claiming a father
wasn't uncommon. It is hard to know why someone would put
down a person they were not related to but maybe they were
trying to impress the new spouse or their family. Maybe
it was the actual father. Perhaps, too, they were ashamed
of their illegitimacy.
- An ancestor married again, even though his first wife
was alive so does that make him a bigamist?
This prompts a string of questions, all about ensuring
that you've explored all the options before you can be
totally sure that someone was a bigamist. Did he divorce
his first wife? Divorce did exist and is a reason for
someone remarrying. Are you sure he actually
married before - have you found the marriage? Can you be
completely sure it was him who married the first wife and
not a mistake by the incumbent? You may need to check parish
registers, Bishops Transcripts, marriage licences if they
existed, baptisms of other children and parental occupation.
section on Civil Registration
- Wife selling - did it really happen?
Thomas Hardy's classic, "The Mayor of Casterbridge",
is a tale about a wife being sold and the unhappy consequences
of that action. Yes, it happened. The sale in Hardy's book
took place at a fair, but such sales could have been anywhere
where things were bought and sold - so at a market or beside
the local Cross.
- I've found a marriage for the right people but they
should have been married during the Commonwealth Period.
It must be a mistake.
No, not necessarily. During the Commonwealth Period following
the English Civil War marriages weren't supposed to take
place in the church. So there are gaps in the parish registers
for this period. It is quite possible that the couple had
actually married but it wasn't written in the parish register
until after the Restoration of the King.
The most informed book on marriage and marriage law is:
Probert, Rebecca (2012), "Marriage
Law for Genealogists, the definitive guide", Takeaway (publishing), ISBN 978-0-9563847-1-3
Are they accurate?
Occasionally memorials may differ slightly from other records.
It takes some time for a mason to carve a headstone and he
may have to rely on slightly inaccurate information. So check
burial and perhaps probate records for dates of death as
Indexes for Matlock and Matlock Bath MIs, plus transcripts
of some inscriptions in full, are available on this website
- What is carding?
Preparing wool, flax or cotton fibres before drawing or
Also have a look at the Cotton Manufacture section of
of England & Wales'
- What about combing?
Straightening out or untangling the fibres. It was done
by using a combing machine which had combing needles on
- What is meant by fulling?
Fulling is the process of cleansing and thickening cloth,
making it more compact, by beating and washing. It causes
felting of the fibres.
- What are or were £ s d?
Before decimalization took place, English money was divided
into pounds, shillings and pence (or LSD as it was sometimes
referred to). There were 12 pennies to the shilling and
20 shillings to the pound. Pence were divided into the even
smaller units of farthing (¼d), ha'penny (½d) and three
farthings (¾d) although farthings were discontinued in the
mid twentieth century. A regularly used abbreviation for
shillings was /-, so 10 shillings was written as 10/-.
- What was a guinea [gn.]?
A guinea was worth twenty one shillings, though there have
been no coins made since 1813. When it was first struck
the value was 20s, but it became 21s in 1717. A gentleman
was able to use a guinea coin to include the tip when he
was charged 20s.
- What was a sovereign?
After 1817 it was worth 20s, but gold sovereigns were first
in use from the time of Henry VIII until the reign of Charles
I. They were worth 22s 6d originally, but later were worth
10s or 11s
- What does it mean when there is 'li' next to a number?
li = £ (from librae), s = shillings (from solidi)
and d = pennies (from denarii)
- In old wills and inventories some of the numbers look
a bit like Roman numerals, but why is a 'j' included?
It is really a long 'i'. So ij means 2, iij means 3, iiij
means 4. Roman numerals were used in such documents.
| Petrify, Petrifaction
Articles are 'petrified'' when they are seemingly changed
into a stone or stone substance. The original material
is covered, and sometimes replaced, by a calcareous or
other mineral deposit. Depending what the original
object was, the inside may not be there at the end of the
petrifaction process. So a shoe might be covered but would
break down and disappear over the years whereas metal objects
may still exist underneath, even if they have rusted. [Note:
to literally turn objects into stone would be alchemy,
rather like trying to turn lead into gold.]
So to petrify is to cover the outside of an object with
a layer (of stone), petrifaction (petrification) is the
act or process and a petrifactioner is someone who owns
or works with objects that are to be, are being or have
been subject to petrifaction.
The first use of the word is given in the Oxford English
Dictionary as 1646.
The water that percolates through the tufa in Matlock
Bath dissolves tiny particles of minerals from the rock
which are then re-deposited when the water drips onto whatever
object is placed beneath it. This is a lengthy process,
in some cases taking several years to complete.
"The water soaking through the Matlock [Bath] rocks
are strongly charged with carbonic acid, which dissolves
the limestone through which it passes as surely as water
dissolves sugar. When the limestone laden water emerges
into the open, some of the carbonic acid gas escapes. Unable,
in consequence, to hold in solution the whole of the lime,
the water throws off the excess upon anything that it touches,
coating the object with a strong layer. Thus are formed
the petrified objects so curious to visitors and so lucrative
to the natives"
Ward Lock & Co's "Guide to Matlock, Dovedale,
Etc.", Illustrated Guide Books of England and
Wales (Guide Series 1903-4),
Probably the earliest comprehensive description of the
process is found in William Adam's book "Gem of
the Peak" of 1840. He mentions a variety of things
being petrified, ranging from birds' nests and birds' eggs
to wigs. There were also some more unusual items. He notes
that these articles "must be shifted every
now and then to prevent them sticking to each other, or
to the bottom". Moss, leaves and even branches of
trees have all been "petrified" over
Local people took advantage of the process, as Ward Lock's
Guide indicates, and there were several petrifying wells
along the Tufa Terrace of Matlock Bath.
from "Gem of the Peak" are elsewhere
on this website
Also see the transcript
of Croston's "On Foot Through the Peak" on
this website. Chapter 14 provides an interesting description
of the process
The Great Petrifying Well
Well, nineteenth century Stereoview
nineteenth century onsite directories give the names of
What is meant by the following?
A piece of land that was enclosed, with perhaps a fence, hedge or wall
- A small, humble house; a cottage; a hut.
A croft is a small field, or piece of enclosed land near
a residence, house or messuage [see below]
Depending on the use it was put to, it could have been a
fairly miserable dwelling, an open shed, an outhouse used
for cattle, or somewhere for tools or grain.
Originally this was the portion of land intended for a dwelling
but became the term used for a dwelling house itself, usually
with adjacent outbuildings, a garden, land etc.
Two meanings. Either a grove of trees or, most likely, land
once occupied as a messuage on which the buildings have
decayed, fallen into disrepair or even been burned.
My ancestors are supposed to have owned a house in Matlock
Bath during the nineteenth century, although they only used
it during the summer months. However, I have no further
The census returns aren't necessarily going
to be very helpful, unfortunately, as not all addresses
were included for Matlock and Matlock Bath. However, it
is worth checking the returns for a particular name, despite
many censuses actually taking place in March or early April
(apart from 1841).
these via the Historical Records
If the you draw a blank with
the census returns try the Trade Directories as it is likely
the head of the house would have advertised as they would
not have been poor.
Trade Directories in the Historical Records
Also have a look at:
Return of the Owners of Land (1873)
| Old Maps (Locating)
How do I find old maps for ...?
For Matlock and District
Maps try Derbyshire Record Office or County Hall Local
For non - Matlock or Derbyshire Maps try
your local Record Office or Local Studies Library.
want to search for extremely old maps for all of the above,
you could also try the likes of the National Archive at
Contact information and web site URLs for all of the
above can be found on:
There are also two good on-line resources for old maps.
to our Useful Sources Page and scroll down the section
of Other Resources until you reach the letter O.
- What does it mean when there is a reference to someone
being 'Senior' or 'Junior'?
This was used to differentiate between a father and son
with the same name. However, this wasn't the only way the
words were used. The vicar sometimes used the terms to show
the differences between two males who bore the same name,
but were not father and son and in this instance the occupation,
or class (such as Yeoman) was often given.
- Is an 'annuitant' a pensioner?
An annuitant is not a pensioner. The description could be
applied to anyone who was in receipt of an annuity (annual
income) - even an 18 year old. It is easy to misread this
in a census return and assume the word is 'accountant'.
- I'm interested in tracing or contacting friends/relatives
who live in Matlock.
You could always write to or advertise in one of the local
Contact details are on site
- My surname is MATLOCK so I wonder if my ancestors were
born in Matlock, Derbyshire, England?
see The Surname MATLOCK
- My surname is ---- so I wonder how far back the name
The Surname Matlock as there is a little bit about the
derivation of all surnames, not just the name MATLOCK
- I've found an ancestor who has a surname as a middle
name so what does this mean?
is a little bit about this at the beginning of Memorial
Inscriptions Surnames Index : Surnames as Christian Names
- The middle name of my ancestor looks like a surname;
the child was illegitimate but I think the child's father
was a man whose surname was that name?
Not necessarily, though I make a few suggestions at
the beginning of Memorial Inscriptions Surnames Index :
Surnames as Christian Names. However, amongst personal
research I've encountered surnames as Christian names
where the surname had absolutely nothing to do with the
family and the child was either named after a hero, such
as Nelson, or after a someone as a mark of gratitude by
the parent[s]. I also have come across one family where,
unusual as it may be, all the children had the surname
of their aunt's husband as a middle name.
Memorial Inscriptions Surnames Index : Surnames as Christian
What was a Temperance House? There seems to have been one
No alcohol would have been available on the
premises. In the nineteenth century there were Temperance
Leagues/Societies and a Temperance Movement. The English
dictionary gives an example with the date 1836. The Temperance
Movement was a reaction, in many ways, to the heavy drinking
that occurred in some places at that time. In isolated
communities there may have been little else to do. Delirium
Tremens was a fairly common cause of death.
is an advertisement for the Temperance Hotel at Matlock
Bridge onsite. By 1895 Matlock's Temperance Hotel had
changed proprietor and was renamed The Trevelyan, advertising
'every convenience for cyclists'.
What was a Visitation?
To quote the reference in the Oxford
English Dictionary, it was:
'A periodic visit made to a district by heralds to examine
and enroll arms and pedigrees'.
The Harleian Manuscripts
contain early Derbyshire pedigrees. They give a description
of the arms and an outline of the family at the time.
Sometimes it tells you when the arms were granted. So
looking at Visitations can be quite useful.
The Visitation of Derbyshire 1662 - 1664 has been published
by the Harleian Society - New Series Volume 8 (1988). There's
a copy available at the Society of Genealogists.
You will also come across
'visitations' noted in parish records when a bishop or
archdeacon will have visited the parish or religious institution
to check it out.
| Wars and War Deaths
What regiments did Matlock or people from elsewhere in Derbyshire
normally joined in WW1?
They joined a variety regiments, though many joined the
Sherwood Foresters. To give you examples from my own family,
one was in the Grenadier Guards as he was over 6' 4" (there
was a height stipulation) and later went into the Royal
Flying Corps as one of the earliest recruits. Another
had been in the Derbyshire Yeomanry but, as they were not
due to go to France until 1915, he chose to join a regiment
that was to go to France at the very outbreak of war.
They'd all thought the war would be over quickly and they'd
be home by Christmas.
Some men and boys from the little
villages may all have joined one regiment - these were
sometimes known as 'Pals'. In one Derbyshire village, all
the young lads joined together after being encouraged to
do so from the pulpit and most were wiped out within around
four months. A whole generation of the village's young
| West Derby
West Derby - where is it in Derbyshire?
West Derby is in Merseyside, actually on the outskirts
of Liverpool. It is also a Registration District for Births,
Marriages and Deaths. So if you have an address in West
Derby or have the reference for a birth, marriage or death
that includes West Derby you are need to look in Lancashire
and not in Derbyshire. This is a very common misunderstanding.
Having said that, if you have an address in West Derbys
it could indicate that the place is within West Derbyshire
i.e. Matlock, Ashbourne, etc. You may need to just check
the address again to make sure.
Castle, born at
One of my relatives was born at Willersley Castle. Are
we related to the Arkwrights?
It depends when this was. Willersley Castle was used as
a Salvation Army maternity home during and just after the
Second World War. See Willersley
| Wills and Letters
of Administration (adms/admons)
What are these and how do I find those about my ancestors?
is on site info about wills, and where to find them
What happened to the paupers?
Until 1834 Matlock paupers were sent to the Ashover House
of Industry, and those who lived in the parish contributed
towards this. Pauper children were apprenticed to either local
farmers or to trades. After that date, Matlock was part of
the Bakewell Union and so the poor then were sent from Matlock,
and also from Matlock Bath when it became a separate parish,
to Bakewell. The Union Workhouse was erected in 1841. In 1850
the Governor was Thomas Gratton and Catherine Gratton was
the Matron (names from Slater's Directory). Inmates were often
only listed by the initial of their surname.
is a map from 1908 that shows the location of the Bakewell Workhouse in the
Derbyshire Maps section of this site.