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Matlock Bath: Museum Parade, Old Bath Terrace & the Heights, 1840
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Matlock Bath: from a sketch by Samuel Rayner, 1830

Devonshire Hotel & North Parade, 1870s - CDV

More engravings from this book (Picture Gallery):

The Crescent, Buxton

Haddon Hall

Royal Museum advert

Matlock Bath.
G. Rowe. Lith

Of the three images on this site that were published around 1840 or so[1], this one definitely shows the village in that year. Rowe's lithograph was published in William Adam's book "The Gem of the Peak"[2]. Adam was a mineralogist who ran what had been Mr. Mawe's Royal Museum. He described the view from the Old Bath Terrace, better known today as Temple Road. You can see where a section of the terrace is supported by a high stone wall in front of the Temple Hotel (left, middle).

""Old Bath Terrace and Scenery.
The view from the Terrace is beautiful - and from its elevation above the Bath generally visitors have the advantage of overlooking and enjoying the scenery without being much observed though close to the high road. From the iron rails, looking to the North-east, just above the stable yard, is a view of unparalleled grandeur and beauty - the noble pine-crowned Heights of Abraham, rising majestically to a great elevation to the front and to the left, - with the clean-looking white washed cottages, shops, lodging houses and Temple on its elegant terrace, reposing at the foot, - and the bold luxuriantly-wooded rocks and lover's walks to the right, - the rugged and frowning Tor peering from between, - the river flowing gently amongst them, - altogether present an assemblage of bold, and beautiful features, rarely, if anywhere, to be met with, compressed into the same space. Hence this view is eagerly sketched by every comer who can handle a pencil ; and its unexampled beauties, with more or less facility and truth, pirated through the length and breadth of the land.

On a dark evening, the lights from the numerous windows casting a lurid glare on the thick foliage and other objects, have a singular and imposing effect from this point. But this view is full of sublimity, and its effects transcendant on the mind, when lit up by the Moon, riding in her majesty and loveliness, shedding her soft and mellowed light on the scene, the din of busy spirit stirring man, and the tenants of the grove, having sunk to rest, - the stillness which pervades it, and the apparent increase in magnitude of the noble objects which compose the picture, - the stream silvered by the moonbeam, which reflects back the image of the orb of night a thousand fold, from the ripple of its waters, - all clothed with Nature's ample foliage, deeply enhance the intensity of the interest felt by a stranger on first beholding it".

Next to the Temple Hotel, but actually higher on the hillside, is Mr. Pechell's villa, Guilderoy, which was "newly erected" in August 1840 when the Dowager Queen Adelaide, widow of William IV, visited Matlock Bath[3]. To its right is Masson House, built a few decades earlier. Just below Masson House is Montpelier; look carefully and you can just make out the long sloping roof of its vine house to the right of that building. Several other properties had also appeared on the lower slopes of the Heights of Abraham.

Enlargement shows the Lower Tower, Mr. Gilbert's home described in Henry Moore's "Picturesque Excursions From Derby to Matlock Bath, 1818". The building can be sen on the hillside, with High Tor to its right.

Lithograph of Matlock Bath, and text from the book, published in: Adam, W. (1840) "The Gem of the Peak" London; Longman & Co., Paternoster Row.
From the collection of and © Ann Andrews.
Text OCRed and information written, researched by and © Ann Andrews.
Intended for personal use only.

References (coloured links are to transcripts and information elsewhere on this web site):

[1] Neither of the other images show as many properties on the lower slopes of the Heights of Abraham so the original drawings for both must have been done a few years before.
See: Matlock Bath: South Parade and Fishpond, before 1840 | Matlock Bath: Engraving, before 1840

[2] Adam, William (1840) "The Gem of the Peak", London; Longman & Co., Paternoster Row - see onsite transcript.

[3] "The Derby Mercury", 5 August, 1840. The Dowager Queen Adelaide went up to Rutland Cavern and "downwards by Mr Pechell's beautiful villa".