"The manufacture of bijouterie and articles of virtu is
very extensively carried on at Matlock. The marble, ores, spars,
and stalactites, with which the neighbourhood abounds, are
converted by ingenious workmen into almost every conceivable
form. These productions fill the various museums, forming collections
in several instances of considerable magnitude and artistic
This was written in a 1903 guide.
Three years later Lieut.-Col. Newnham-Davis contributed
an article about Matlock Bath to the Pall Mall Gazette that
he had written whilst staying at the Royal Hotel, providing
a good description of the village. "The spar shops contain
a wonderful variety of useful articles. You can but a miniature
font, or the model of a tombstone, or a little basin into
which to put your watch when you go to bed, or a tobacco
jar, or an excellent imitation of an Easter egg".
Both quotations could be describing
the interior of Mr. Buxton's "Royal" Museum
on South Parade, which is shown in these wonderful photographs.
The long established firm was run by Herbert Buxton and by
his father, John, before him. Herbert's son Harold and
his wife and daughters also helped in the family business.
By the time these photographs were taken Harold had been
working at the Switchback Railway in the Derwent Gardens for
some time. Edgar Buxton, another son, initially worked
as an auctioneer before joining his brother to work on the Switchback;
he was to die during the first World War. When
the Misses Buxton finally left the Museum in 1928 their stock-in-trade
was sold for them by Hodgkinson and Son, the Matlock auctioneers.
It was described as "Biscuit ornaments, Fluor Spar, Black
Marble, Fossil and Italian Marble and Derbyshire Spar Ornaments".
Derbyshire Courier, 5 August 1882
THE ROYAL MUSEUM.
A large Stock of ORNAMENTS
in Blue John,
Black Marble, &c., &c.
links are to transcripts or more information elsewhere on
this web site):
Heywood's Guide Books, With Cycling, Walking and Driving
Routes. Matlock Illustrated." (1903) Abel Heywood & Son,
Manchester & London.
 Article reproduced in full in "Guide
to Matlock and Matlock Bath" (ca. 1907) Printed
and published by Geo. Hodgkinson, Matlock Printing Works.
 Herbert Buxton is listed in all
the Matlock Bath census returns between 1841 and 1901.
Details of his father's Will is on Pre-1858
Wills, Surnames B. A report of Herbert's death can be found
Bath & Scarthin Newspaper Cuttings, 1912 and his
will is on Post 1858 Wills, Surnames
B. Harold Buxton first appeared in the
1861 census, aged 1 month. Edgar Buxton is shown as
an auctioneer in the 1901
The Buxton family appear in both the nineteenth
century trade directories and the twentieth
century trade directories for Matlock Bath.
 Edgar is named on Matlock
Bath's War Memorial.
 "Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield
Herald", 19 May 1928. The sale was to take place on
22 May and included some of their household furniture as well
as the stock-in-trade.