Several Nightingale's lived in or owned land in Matlock (see
below) but probably the most notable Nightingale link to Matlock in the
earlier generations was when, in 1771, Peter Nightingale (Generation
3 on the pedigree above) bought a considerable estate in the parish of
Matlock from Edmund Morphy "running
down to the river on the south-east slope of Riber Hill, called the Coumbs
and Bough or Bow Woods".
However, of all the family it is his 2 X great niece, Florence, who
is remembered today for something far removed from the lead smelting
that made the family fortune - her nursing skills.
Of the earlier Nightingale's, whose names appear on the top pedigree:
- Generation 1: Thomas Nightingale of Lindway Lane was the eldest
son of John and Frances Nightingale; he was baptised at Ashover on
25 Mar 1666. John and Frances had three sons, including Thomas, but
after Frances died in 1695 John Nightingale remarried and had two more
Thomas Nightingale was a Lead Merchant. He lived
in Town Head House in the parish of Ashover which he had purchased
from William Hodgkinson. In his Will (proved 27 Aug 1735)
he mentions numerous properties that he owned and their occupants.
The beneficiaries of his estate were his wife, though he does not give
her name; his son Peter; his son Henry who received his houses and
lands in Matlock as well as other property; the Royalty of the Manor
of Lea and Manor of Shirland; his son Paul; his daughter Katherine
Bland and her two children Richard and Benjamin; his daughter Rebecca
Milln; Mary, the daughter of Henry and her brothers and sisters; his
brother Richard and his two sons; his servant Thomas Spenser and his
old servant Anthony Elliote. Peter Nightingale was nominated as his
executor and the Will was witnessed by Henry Flint, William Buxton
and Richard Lisett. Additional names were included in the Will's codicil.
Thomas Nightingale made further bequests to his grand son Thomas Bland;
Anne and Thomas, the son and daughter of John Nightingale; his son
in law Thomas Milln of Derby, whom he made joint executor with Peter.
The witnesses to the codicil were Thomas Gell, John Watson and Richard
- Generation 1: Catherine Nightingale (nee Bowler) of Ashover
also left a Will (Probate dated 7 Oct 1742). In it she mentions her
daughter Catherine Nightingale, though not by her married name; her
son Henry Nightingale; and her son Peter Nightingale. The appraisers
of the Inventory were Henry Flint and Joshua Killer.
- Generation 3: Job Nightingale and Mary Wilmot were married
- Generation 3: The death of Peter Nightingale, junior, was
announced in "The Derby Mercury", Thursday, 30 June,
"On Saturday last, at Wood-End in this county, Peter Nightingale
Esq., aged 65.-He served the Office of High-Sheriff for this county
in the year 1770." So he died 25 June, not 22 June as shown.
- Henry Nightingale (Generation 2), Job Nightingale (Generation 3)
and Job Nightingale (Generation 4) all lived in Matlock. See details
of their Wills on Pre-1858
Wills & Administrations, Surnames N
Filling in some of the missing names on the top pedigree:
- Generation 2: Henry Nightingale married Helen Bunting at South
Wingfield on 3 Nov 1729.
- Generation 4: Peter Nightingale married Rachel Cantrell on
19 Dec 1805 at Manchester Cathedral.
- Generation 4: His sister, Ellen Nightingale, married Emanuel
Cantrell at Manchester Cathedral on the same day that her brother married
Florence Nightingale's name is not included on the Bryan pedigree
above; nor are those of her parents. However, her grandparents were Mary
Evans and her husband William Shore (Mary = William Shore, Generation
4 at the bottom of the top pedigree).
Mary married William Shore of Tapton
at Matlock in 1792; William was a Sheffield banker.
The couple had two children:
- A son called William Edward Shore,
who was Florence Nightingale's father.
- A daughter, Mary Shore.
They are shown on second pedigree, below, that explains how they fit
into the Nightingale family tree.
Some notes about the second Nightingale pedigree
Florence Nightingale's father, William Edward Shore, son of William
and Mary Shore, added the surname Nightingale to his surname in pursuance
of the will of his great uncle, Peter Nightingale.
- He became William Edward Shore Nightingale in 1815.
- William Edward Shore, who had become William Edward Shore Nightingale,
married Frances Smith, the daughter of William Smith, M.P. for Norwich
of Parndon, Essex and friend of William Wilberforce.
They married on 1 June 1818 at St. Margaret's, Westminster;
WESN died at Embley Park on 5 Jan 1874 and was buried at Wellow Church.
Frances died in 1880 and was also buried at Wellow.
- William Edward Shore Nightingale and his wife Frances had two daughters.
- Frances Parthenope, their elder daughter, was born
in Naples in 1819. She was named after the city; Parthenope
was the Greek name for Naples. She married Sir Harry
Verney of Claydon,
and became stepmother to his seven children.
She died at Claydon on 11th May 1890 and was buried at Middle
Claydon on 15th May. "Parthe"
researched and co-wrote, with S. R. Gardiner and Margaret Verney "Memoirs
of the Verney Family during the Seventeenth Century",
- Florence, their younger daughter, became famous through her work
during the Crimean War and did so much for the nursing profession
throughout her life.
Mary Shore, Florence Nightingale's aunt Mai, married Samuel,
son of William Smith of Parndon.
- Amongst the couple's ten children was a son William, born in 1831,
who eventually assumed the name of Shore-Nightingale.
He married Louisa Ellen Hutchins (d. of Samuel of Ardnagashel) in 1859 and
died in 1894.
- William and Louisa had two sons, Samuel and Louis Hilary, and
More on site information about the Nightingale family and Florence Nightingale
Wolley Manuscripts, Matlock contain numerous references to
Wolley Manuscripts, Derbyshire, Surnames M-P, has further references
to the Nightingales.
of Florence NIGHTINGALE as a young woman
Arms: Description of NIGHTINGALE arms
Lea and Holloway (Kelly's 1891 Directory)
Nightingale's Balcony, Lea-Hurst, Nr. Matlock
Lea Hurst amongst scanned images from "Souvenir
of Matlock Bath" can be seen on site
Find the Nightingale and Shore surnames
in Eighteenth Century: Game
Duty Lists | Nineteenth
Century - Game Duty Lists
Neagle starring in the 1951 film "The Lady with the Lamp".
Portrait Gallery - search the collection for Florence Nightingale.
There is a CD of transcripts from Ashover's Parish Register available
to buy. More details are available
on the GENUKI site
 Bryan, Benjamin (1903) "History
of Matlock - Matlock, Manor and Parish" London by Bemrose & Sons,
 Ashover Parish Register is held by Derbyshire
County Record Office.
 Their Wills are available from Lichfield
 See Biography
 The marriage of Mary Evans and William
Shore was recorded in Matlock's Parish Registers. See the
 Bryan says he assumed the name Nightingale
by royal sign-manual, dated 21st Feb 1815.
 Obituary of Florence Nightingale, "The
Times", 15 Aug 1910.
 "The Morning Post", 2 June
 Death announcement in "The Morning
Post", 8 Jan 1874. Report of burial from "The Hampshire
Advertiser", 14 Jan 1874. His Will was proved on 21st 1874.
 The marriage of Sir Harry Verney and Frances
Parthenope Nightingale was announced in "Jackson's Oxford Journal",
26 June, 1858. An obituary for Sir Harry appeared in "Jackson's
Oxford Journal" 17 February, 1894
 "Jackson's Oxford Journal", 17 May 1890
 "The Hampshire Advertiser",
1 Sep 1894 reported the death of William Shore Nightingale, J.P. of Lea
Hurst and Embley Park, Romsey, Hampshire, on 23 Aug 1894 at 15 Albemarle