A B C D E
F G H I J K L M N O
P Q R S T U V W X
Contributors | Biographies elsewhere
on this web site (links below)
|Biographies on this page:
ARKWRIGHT | BOWN | BOWNE | BRYAN,
B | BRYAN, B |
CAMPBELL | CLARKE | CLAY | CUBLEY | CUMMING,
JN | CUMMING, Jas | CUMMING,
JG | CUMMING, WJ | CUMMING,
Bros of JN
DAWBER | DONEGANI | DOXEY,
ED | DOXEY, W |
LOWE | LUDLAM | MAWE | MUMFORD
NEWNES | NIGHTINGALE, F | NIGHTINGALE,
P | NIGHTINGALE, P | NUTTALL,
G | NUTTALL, J |
RAWLINSON | RAYNER |
SHELMERDINE | SMEDLEY | SMITH | UTTLEY | WALKER
For other surnames mentioned in the text, please
use 'Find' on the toolbar.
The names include people who emigrated to Australia, Canada and
the United States.
Not here? The Images section
may have information about individuals - use Find
a Name to locate them
|ARKWRIGHT, Sir Richard (1732- 1792)
||The lasting influence of Richard
Arkwright's achievements on Great Britain's history
should not be under-estimated. Major changes to both
society and industry took place during the Industrial
Revolution and Arkwright's involvement in and contribution
to these changes was enormous. His cotton mills, followed
by the building of Willersley Castle, totally changed
the parish of Matlock and the surrounding area.
There is a great deal of information already on
this site, so there is no short biography about
him on this page.
Cotton Mill includes biographical details
as well as discussing his Masson mill
(1891) Directory of Cromford is worth reading
Cromford Directories mention Arkwright
is a pedigree for this family onsite
of the Arkwright Coat of Arms
Find the Arkwright surname
Century: Game Duty Lists | Nineteenth
Century - Game Duty Lists
are named in various directories and
census returns elsewhere onsite
mill briefly described in "Gem of the Peak"
from "The Beauties of England
and Wales" (1802), written
shortly after his death, which describes
manufacturing and has more on the
Castle (plus an engraving), Sir
Richard Arkwright and the
area surrounding Willersley.
of "The Derwent Valley Mills and their Communities"
|BOWN, James, senior (1737-1811)
BOWN, James, junior (1764-1848)
James Bown is known to have built
grandfather clocks but it is not known if just one of the
two who made large clocks or whether they both did. However,
both were clockmakers and watchmakers in
Matlock. There are at least five
Bown clocks in private ownership. They have their maker,
named as "James
Bown, Matlock" or "J Bown Matlock", on
the clock face. One also is marked towards
the bottom of the face under a flourish (but above the
numeral ring) with the initials W H A and with the H inscribed
above the W & A, but it is not known what these letters
exact date any of the clocks were made is unknown, but
in one clock there is a chalked cleaning date written inside
The occupation of clockmaker was recorded against
James Bown snr's marriage to Elizabeth Stevenson (1741-1830)
of Darley in 1764. Their son, James Bown jnr., is listed
in several directories as Bown, James, watchmaker and
victualler, Crown Hotel. The former hotel building on
the site at the corner of Crown Square and Bakewell Road
does not quite occupy the same site
as the hotel that James kept, which was a few yards further
down the road. James jnr.'s wife was Hannah Longden (1767
-1846), whom he married at Matlock on 4 Oct 1791.
The authority on clocks, Baillie[b1],
records Bown, John. Matlock. an[te] 1788. Watch[maker].
The second volume in the series, updated by Brian Loomes[b2],
shows James Bowen of Matlock 1835. This probably refers
to the 1831 and 1835 entry in Pigot's Directory. From other
evidence in parish registers, directories and Wills it
can be assumed that both entries are slightly incorrect.
Sarah Bown, who married Sir Joseph Paxton, was a granddaughter
of James Bown the elder.
1831 Directory | 1841
census | MI |
|BOWNE, John (1627-1695)
John Bowne was born at Lime Tree
Farm, Matlock and baptized at St. Giles Church. He emigrated
to the USA about 1649 with his father Thomas and sister
Dorothy. He married Hannah Feake (1637-1677/8), the first
of his three wives, on 7 May 1656 in Flushing, Long Island.
Hannah descended through her mother from Adam Winthrop
and Governor John Winthrop was also descended from Adam.
Hannah became a Quaker and John Bowne followed suit.
In defiance of Peter Stuyvesant's ban on the Quakers,
John Bowne allowed them to meet at his house; they had
previously been holding their meetings in the woods of
Long Island. The story of John's subsequent arrest by
Stuyvesant, his deportation to Holland and his other
actions in his stance to keep religious freedom in the
colony, including quotations from his journal, used to
be found in "No Tip of the Hat" (note: 2011
internet searches find no current links to this information).
Bowne House, John's home in Flushing, New York, was built
in 1661 and is one of the oldest buildings in the United
On other web sites (external links open in a new tab or window):
History of Flushing Meeting is well worth reading.
|BRYAN, Benjamin Snr. (1799-1860)
BRYAN, Mary, nee Bown (1793-1838)
BRYAN, Henrietta, nee Butler (1817-1879), later Wheatcroft
BRYAN, William (1846-1928)
Benjamin Bryan, the eldest son of William and Jane
Bryan, was born in Marylebone, London on 2 Feb 1799
and baptised there on 24 Feb. He married
Mary Bown at Broadwater by Worthing in West Sussex on
29 July 1818. Mary was from Matlock Bath and was the
fifth child of Anthony Bown and Elizabeth (Woodiwiss
or Woodhouse). She was born on 19 Oct 1793
and baptised a month later at the Independent Chapel
baptisms). The Bown's were the proprietors of the Botanic
Gardens in Matlock Bath and Mary's family were involved
with the Devonshire Cavern after its discovery in 1824.
One cavern proprietor was an E. Bown; whilst this could
have been Edwin Bown, Mary's elder brother, it was most
probably Mary's mother Elizabeth.
Benjamin became the proprietor of the Devonshire Cavern
and part owner of other Caverns, possibly initially through
his marriage, and his occupation is often described as "guide".
He also leased the Rutland Cavern. However, he was also
a journalist and contributed to several local newspapers,
Derby Mercury" and "The
Derbyshire Courier"; he was sub editor of the
latter. He helped those in the community who could not
read or write by both reading to them and writing letters
on their behalf.
After their marriage Mary and Benjamin had returned to
Matlock Bath to set up home. They had four children: Jane,
born 1819, William Benjamin (1827-1829), Emily (1829-1854)
and Ann, born 1831. Jane married George Scotthorn at
Matlock in 1836 and remained in the area until her death
at the age of 35, but Ann emigrated to Australia (see MUMFORD
Mary died in 1838 and was
buried at St. Giles (see
burial info). Benjamin
remarried a year later. His second wife was 18-year-old
Henrietta Butler from Alderwasley, the daughter of William
and Martha Butler.
Benjamin and Henrietta's first son, called Benjamin after
his father, was born in 1840. They also had more children:
Ellen (b.1841), Agnes (b.1844), William (b.1846), Daniel
(b.1848), Joseph (b.1850) and George (b.1852). Benjamin
Bryan snr. died at Matlock Bath on 21 July 1860, "much
respected and regretted"[b3].
He had proved to be quite a character in the village and
was responsible for many firework and other pyrotechnic
displays. He even staged a version of "Macbeth" in
the Devonshire cavern one winter.
Henrietta was the executrix and sole beneficiary of his
Benjamin's Will; he had left her his "mines and parts
or shares of mines". She subsequently married Edward
Wheatcroft and died at Matlock Bath in 1879. Benjamin,
Henrietta and Edward were buried at Matlock.
Benjamin and Henrietta's second son, William, lived
above Bryan's Milliners, a shop at the bottom of Holme
Road in Matlock Bath, at the top end of North Parade. There
was a big workshop at the back of the shop, where about
10 girls were employed and where the hats were made. During
the 1914-18 war William sometimes wrote articles for the
High Peak News under the pseudonym of BB - the Busy Bee.
Caverns and Mines in 1840 | 1851
census | MIs
Names in the London Gazette -
1861 (Mrs. Bryan) | Strays
On this page see: BRYAN, Benjamin
Jnr. (below) ; MUMFORD Ann.
Tower, Heights of Abraham
|BRYAN, Benjamin Jnr. (1840-1914)
Benjamin was the eldest child of Benjamin
Bryan Snr. by his second wife Henrietta (nee Butler). His
father called him "Penny Post" because his birth
date coincided with the introduction of the penny postal
rate. Benjamin began his schooling at Mrs. Potter's Dame
School on the Dimple, then went to Bonsall Endowed School
and finally attended Matlock Green Academy, under the tutelage
of William Corden Clarke and his brother Edward.
He joined "The Derby Mercury" in 1853
but the following year was apprenticed to Mr. Thomas Newbold
for seven years. By Christmas 1860 he was reporting for
the Chronicle, Torquay, moving next to Bideford, then spending
two years with the "Essex Times". He returned
to "The Derby Mercury" in 1864 and from
there moved to Blackburn to edit "The Patriot" on
Wednesdays and "The Standard" on Saturdays.
He spent some time in Canterbury editing "The Kentish
Gazette". He went back to Blackburn for a while
but then became Secretary to the Anti Vivisection Society
in London. Clearly interested in archaeology as well as
local history, he submitted some articles to the Derbyshire
Archaeological Journal. His major work was a history of
his birthplace: Benjamin Bryan (1903) History of Matlock
- Matlock, Manor and Parish published in London and
Derby by Bemrose
& Sons, Limited.
married Annie Boden in 1866; there were no children of the
marriage. He returned to Derbyshire after his wife's death
and died at Belper in 1914. He was buried at Matlock.
On this page see: BRYAN, Benjamin Snr. (above); MUMFORD
| Surnames C
|CAMPBELL, Willielma, Viscountess Glenorchy
Lady Glenorchy's association with
Matlock Bath came about by accident, when she passed through
the village whilst travelling. She was forced to stop when
her carriage broke down. Her background was totally unconnected
to Derbyshire. She was the younger daughter of William
Maxwell of Preston, Kirkcudbright, Scotland and widow
of John, lord Viscount Glenorchy (the eldest son of the
3rd Earl of Breadalbane). Lady Glenorchy held strong
religious beliefs that were a mixture of Scottish
Presbyterian and Methodist. She built several chapels
and she founded one in Matlock Bath. The chapel eventually
became a Congregational chapel.
(30 Aug 1788-13 Apr 1863)
Charles Clarke, who was deputy lieutenant
of the county when he died, was born at Duffield. He was
an attorney by profession with the firm of Messrs. Mousley
and Clarke of Derby. During the 1820s he lived at Greenhill
House, Derby, moving to Matlock Bath after the death of
his father in law, Adam Wolley. Charles had married Anne
Wolley at Bromley in Kent on 2 Aug 1821 and the couple
lived at Masson House (also referred to as Masson Lodge),
her parent's former home overlooking Masson Mill and Cat
Tor. Anne and her sister, Mary Hurt (later Wolley), were
co-heiresses of the Wolley estate.
In 1828 Charles was Steward of the Wirksworth copyhold
court and in 1842 was appointed as one of the Commissioners
for the Hundred of Wirksworth to execute the Property and
Income Tax Act in the County of Derby. He was also a Justice
of the Peace.
As many landowners of the time did, he applied annually
for Game Certificates. He was elected, with other Derbyshire
residents, as a Member of the Royal Agricultural Society
for England on 8 Feb 1843. He was also on the Management
Committee of the Nottingham, Erewash Valley, Ambergate
and Manchester Railway in 1845 and in September of that
year became a provisional director of the company.
Both Charles and his wife were active in the community.
When Queen Victoria's marriage took place on 10 Feb 1840
the village celebrated. "Mrs. Clarke, the lady of our worthy
magistrate, gave tea on their beautiful terrace in front
of the mansion, to our Infant school children" ("Derby
Mercury"). A brass commemorative tablet in the church
shows she always cared about the parish and its needs.
Charles was buried at Holy Trinity on 18 April
1863; his Will was proved at the Principal Registry
in 1863 by his nephew Charles Harwood Clarke of Lincoln's
Inn Fields. Anne survived Charles by over twenty years
and she was buried at the church on 21 Oct 1885, aged 82.
The executor of her Will was another nephew,
Frederick F Clarke of Walsall who advertised Masson House
for sale in 1886. The property was bought by Mr. Hubbersty,
of "The Ford", for £3,400.
1851 Census |
1861 Census - J.P. | 1871
Census | 1881 Census
of Wolley | The Wolley
Manuscripts | Property described in "Gem
of the Peak",
1840 | MIs
His name was included in the following
trade directories: Pigot 1831 | Pigot
Whites 1852 | Whites
1857 | Whites 1862
Also see: Nineteenth
Century - Game Duty Lists | Return
of Owners of Land 1873 | Magistrates
|CLAY, Francis (1806-1888)
of Matlock Green, Francis ran a family business that had
been established in 1783 and which held a "large
stock of ironmongery". The range of goods for sale
included cooking ranges, mantel shams, locks, coffin furniture
(this last was available "written and engraved on
the shortest of notice"). He also sold household goods,
powder and cartridges for guns, gardening tools, joiners'
tools and seed. He was the elder son of Francis Clay of
Bonsall and Crich by his second wife Martha (nee Crook)
and was born at Lea Hill. During the 1830s he is believed
to have been on a Grand Tour of Italy. He farmed at Dethick
before moving to Matlock. His wife, Margaret, was one of
the daughters of George Hodgkinson, the Matlock postmaster
up to 1844. The couple had 6 children and 24 grandchildren,
some of whom emigrated to Canada.
Henry Hadfield Cubley was born in Newark, NTT, on 30 Oct
1858. He was the son of Samuel Ward Cubley, a Nottingham
born painter and gilder, and his wife Jane Elizabeth (nee
Willey). Henry was their eldest son; he had two elder sisters
and several younger siblings[c1].
In 1881 he was living with his married sister, brother
in law and a younger sister in Box, Wiltshire and described
himself as a landscape painter[c1].
Cubley painted several pictures of Wolverhampton. He married
Julia Gertrude Palmer at St. Jude's, Wolverhampton on 16
They were living at Montpellier (now The Firs), in Matlock
Bath, by 1887. His two daughters were baptised at Holy
Trinity, Gladys Gertrude on 25 Aug 1887 and Kathleen Doris
Palmer on 30 July 1891[c2].
He exhibited his work between 1882 and 1904 both locally,
at the Bath's Assembly Rooms and Derby Corporation Art
Gallery, and further afield. According to various nineteenth
century newspapers he exhibited both watercolours and oil
paintings. For example, on 17 Jan 1900 "The Derby
Mercury" reported the 13th annual exhibition of
Derby sketching club and said that among the 69 hung "are
many of outstanding merit, prominent amongst them being
the works of ... Mr Hadfield Cubley ... most attractive
work is probably his "Morning, near Arrochar" [a
watercolour]. [Also] ... a nice canvas, "Near Matlock".
Matlock and Matlock Bath scenes were subjects for his
paintings. Derbyshire featured too, including Ashbourne
Grammar School, Buxton and Dovedale. His paintings were
turned into postcards by Ralph Tuck and Sons. He painted
Highland cattle whilst visiting Scotland, Bettws Y Coed
in Wales, Barmouth, Newark - the list of his subjects is
seemingly endless. His characteristic backwardly sloping
signature appeared at the bottom, and usually on the left,
on all his work. Where he wished to add some human interest
to his paintings he liked to include his wife and daughters
and they can be seen in a wide cross section of his work.
His trademark, though, was to include a small patch of
scarlet or other shade of red. Of the thirty-two paintings
he executed of Matlock and Matlock Bath scenes, distinctive
patches of red have been noted on thirty of them[c3].
Whilst living in Matlock Bath he played his part in village
life. He stood as a candidate In the district council
elections of 1896 and 1899 and as elected as one of the
four men to represent Matlock Bath. He also attended Holy
Trinity Church and seems to have been a lay preacher.
Although it is unclear exactly when he left the area,
he did not advertise in the local trade directories after
1908. He experienced some financial problems, as did other
residents, at around this time. By 1911 and he was living
in Longsdon, near Leek[c4].
He died, aged 75, in 1934[c2].
Julia Gertrude also worked as a landscape painter and
she exhibited, as Gertrude Cubley, between 1887 and 1903.
She died, aged 91, in 1948. Both daughters studied art.
Gladys married in 1921 and lived until 1978; Kathleen did
not marry until 1941 and died in 1981.
"Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire": 1891 | 1895 | 1899 | 1908.
He was also listed in 1887, but this is not transcribed
census | 1901 census
Church records - inscriptions
at Holy Trinity, Matlock Bath
|CUMMING, Joseph Notzel (1781-1820)
In September 1806 it was announced
that both the Old Bath and the Temple were to be let[c5].
A few months later, in February
1807, the following notice was published by the new tenant:
"Having taken the Old Bath for a Term of Years,
[J. Cumming] most respectfully solicits the patronage
and support of the Nobility and Public in general, and
assures them that nothing in his power shall be wanting
to make it as comfortable as any house in the Kingdom.
Independent of the Natural Baths that are present in
the house, it intended immediately to erect one which
may be heated to any temperature. There will be regular
Assemblies for the accommodation of the Company in the
House, and of the Families resident in the Neighbourhood"[c5].
Joseph Notzel Cumming was one of the sons of James and
Alice Cumming; he was born in London on the 11 July 1781
and baptised at Saint Leonard's, Shoreditch, on 5 Aug 1781.
His father was in the spa hotel business and the boy was
brought up in Buxton, at least in his later childhood.
He had 3 brothers
and a half-brother, John. Alice Ann Cumming, found in
Matlock records, was Joseph's niece; she lived at
the Old Bath for some years, presumably working for the
family. Her elder sister, Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Bates, lived
in Buxton. Thomas Tyack (b.1835/6 in Chasewater, CON),
who was at both the New Bath Hotel and the rebuilt Old
Bath Hotel towards the end of the nineteenth century, was
linked to this family by marriage[c6].
Joseph married Mary Barnes at Chesterfield on 18 Nov
1805. The couple had 3 sons, James, Joseph George and
William John, as well as a daughter Elizabeth who married
He died on Tuesday 11th April, 1820 at the Old Bath; "About
the same hour his wife gave birth to a son"[c5].
Joseph's widow Mary Cumming (1786-1842), then took
over the hotel's management and remained at the Old Bath
for a further 22 years. She died at Matlock Bath,
"regretted by all who new her, Mrs. Mary Cumming,
many years landlady of the Old Bath Hotel"[c5].
lives of some of Joseph's family - his brothers and children
- were quite eventful (see below).
See J N Cumming's name in Nineteenth
Century - Game Duty Lists
- Joseph and Mary Gosling Cumming (both 1820) | 1841
census | Burial -
Mrs. Mary Cumming | Wills
Trade Directory entries
for Mrs. Cumming (under Matlock Bath): Glover
1827/8/9 | Pigot 1828-9 | Pigot
1831 | Pigot 1842 |
The Old Bath was a venue
for property sales in the 18th
century (see London Gazette) and a place where officials
met in the 19th century.
It was sold in 1857 and
in 1869 the Hydropathic
Company was wound up.
There were some problems
after Mary Cumming died. See William John Cumming in the
London Gazette in 1843 and
Alice Ann Cumming in 1853.
of the Old Bath, 1840s
|CUMMING, James, LSA, MRCS (27 Sep 1806-16
He was the eldest child of Joseph
and Mary. He was apprenticed to James Dawson, an apothecary
of Liverpool, in 1823 for 5 years. He was examined
by the Royal College of Surgeons in London in 1828
and qualified MRCS[c7].
In 1831 his brother William John became his apprentice[c7].
James was then living at Tavistock Square, London[c7] and
was still there two years later, when he was living at
When James returned to Derbyshire he practised surgery
in Ashford and then Buxton[c6].
He was recorded at the latter in 1837: "The Buxton
Bath Charity resolved, at a General Meeting in the Great
Hotel, to accept the offer of the professional services
of "James Cumming,
Esq., Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons"[c9].
In the 1851 census his occupation was given as General
Practitioner and Member of the Royal College of Surgeons.
He married Mary Ann
MacDonald and the couple had ten children. James drowned,
together with one of their sons, in a tragic rowing boat
accident in the River Derwent near Masson Mill when the
river was in flood. The pair, as well as James's wife who
died shortly afterwards, are buried at St. Giles.
baptism | Burials
For more on the very sad
events that overtook this family
see Newspaper Cuttings | Subscription
for the relief of the Cumming children, 1852
Bath: Boating on the River Derwent, 1914 mentions
James and his son
Bryan's book gives
a full account of the drowning accident, which can be emailed
to anyone who is interested in reading it.
|CUMMING, Joseph George (b. Matlock 15
Feb 1812 and d. 21 Sep 1868)
The second son of Joseph and Mary.
He attended Oakham Grammar School and Emmanuel College,
Cambridge, gaining his M.A. in 1837[c10].
He was admitted to Holy Orders in 1835[c10] and
at various times was curate to his uncle James at North
Runcton; classical master at West Riding Prep. School;
vice-principal of King William's College, Isle of Man (he
was there for fifteen years); Master of King Edward's School,
Lichfield; warden & professor
of classical literature at Queen's College, Birmingham;
rector of Mellis, Suffolk; and vicar of St John's, Bethnal
Green, London where he died in the vicarage. Published
several books including
"The Great Stanley" and "The Isle
of Man ; its History, Physical, Ecclesiastical, Civil, and
Legendary". He married Agnes Peckham in 1838 and
they had six children.
the Isle of Man site for more on JG Cumming.
He is listed in the Dictionary of National Biography.
John (2 Dec 1814-1864)
The youngest son of Joseph and Mary.
He was apprenticed to his brother James Cumming of Tavistock
Square (see above) in 1831 as an Apothecary
for 5 years, attending lectures from October 1832. He spent
18 months at Westminster General Dispensary; D N A (?)
dated 7 July 1836; he was examined in 1836 and became MRCS[c7].
practised as a surgeon, initially in Matlock Bath.
His wife, Susan (nee Hall), ran a girls' school in Matlock
Bath with her sister. In 1839 the school was at Belle Vue
House, but by 1840 they had moved to the Lower Tower and
remained there for two more years[c11].
They later lived in Northampton and then
in Olney, Buckinghamshire.
William John Cumming died of yellow fever at Newborn
(New Bern), North Carolina, USA in an epidemic which killed
1300 people during the American Civil War[c6].
It took quite a while to work out why he ended up involved
in a war so far from home.
In October 1863 William John Cumming
had been found guilty of stealing a book from W. H. Smith's
stall at King's Cross Station and was sentenced to be imprisoned
in the House of Correction for six months[c12].
Presumably, knowing he would be unable to work as a surgeon
in the U.K. after his release from prison, he decided to
try his luck in the United States where surgeons were in
Under the 29th section of the Medical Act he was deemed
to be a "delinquent" and the General Medical
Council announced they were to erase his name from the
register in late 1866 as he had been convicted of felony.
This additional punishment was somewhat late in the day
as he had died two years before[c13]!
baptism | 1841
census | Pigot's Directory
1842 | Strays |
|CUMMING, Brothers of Joseph Notzel
CUMMING, George William (1784[c6] -
26 Jun 1823)
Brother of Joseph Notzel Cumming. Captain, RN. He was
wounded on Lord Exmouth's expedition to Algiers in 1816.
He married Charlotte Sophia Cumming on 9 Apr 1820 at St.
Marylebone, London and the couple had a daughter, Charlotte
Atherton Cumming, who was baptised at St. Giles' (see
Her father's occupation was given as Lt RN at that time
and they resided in Matlock Bath. Captain Cumming died
in London and was interred at St. James', Lambeth, on 1
His widow remarried in 1826.
FRS, FGS (b. 24 Oct 1777-10 Nov 1861)
Brother of Joseph Notzel Cumming.
Professor of Chemistry at Cambridge University. Rector
of North Runcton, near Lynn, Norfolk[c6].
His appointment as Rector was announced in 1819: "The
Rev. James Cumming was lately instituted to the Rectory
of North Runcton with Hardwick and Setchy, in this county,
on the presentation of the Master and Fellows of Trinity-coll.
Published several learned papers & books including "A
Manual of Electro-dynamics". He died at North Runcton,
NFK. It is not known if he was ever directly associated
with Matlock Bath although he clearly played a part in
the career of one of his brother's sons.
Runcton website | More
about Victorian North Runcton
He is listed in the Dictionary of National Biography.
CUMMING, William George (1787
The youngest brother of Joseph Notzel Cumming. Officer
in the British Army. Born at
Burlington House, London and shot dead at Anhoa (near Bayonne)
in the Peninsular War[c6].
his Memorial in Matlock Church, commissioned by his
brothers. It used to be thought that the monument was erected
by only one brother, but recent cleaning has shown it
was erected by his brothers, though whether some or
all of them is not known.
There are slight differences in references to the date William
Cumming was killed. See, for example, British
Army Officer Casualties 1808-14. The place of death also
varies slightly and includes Anhoa (given above) and Aubo.
These could be the village of Ainhoa near Bayonne[c6].
| Surnames D
|DAWBER, Sir Edward Guy, A.R.A., R.A.
Guy Dawber was born in Kings Lynn, NFK in Q3 1861, the son
of John Stockdale Dawber (d. 1898) and his wife Lois
Ellen (née Edwards). When, as a young man, he
was sent to work on a great house at Basford, GLS he
seized the opportunity to study the local architecture
of the Cotswolds and his designs reflect his interest
in traditional rather than contemporary buildings. According
to Who Was Who, his speciality was laying out and designing
gardens. He was also a painter in water colour. Dawber
was the architect who designed the Arts and Crafts style
St. John's chapel of ease in Matlock Dale as well as
at the bottom of St. John's Road and his parents
lived locally. He played a prominent part in establishing
the Council for the Preservation of Rural England in
1926 and became the first President. He was also President
of the British School of Architecture (1925-7), was awarded
the Gold Medal (1928) and was knighted on 15 July 1936.
He married Mary Eccles in Lancashire in 1896. He died
in London on 24 April 1938 and is commemorated at St.
Giles with his parents and brother.
& Chapels | St.
John's Church, Cliff Road | Dawber family
Matlock Dale, 1899
|DONEGANI, Joseph Francis (1850-1933)
||The son of a professor of music
who had in his youth fought at the the Battle of
Waterloo, Joseph Francis Donegani married Pamela
Fisher on February 10, 1874 in Mark Church, Somerset.
The family moved to Belle Vue House in Matlock Bath
shortly before 1900. By that time Joseph Francis
was a local butcher and had become a Councillor on
the Matlock Bath and Scarthin Nick Urban District
Council. He was in charge of the milk and bread rationing
Below are extracts from his obituary[d1]:
.... "A native of Bath, Mr. Donegani came to Derbyshire
in 1880 as an estate agent to the Right Hon. Robert William
Hanbury, M.P., Ilam Hall, Dovedale and whilst there he
made several important purchases of land which added to
his employers' beautiful estate. Notable amongst these
acquisitions were parts of Thorpe Pastures and Thorpe Cloud".
"Displaying a deep interest in all matters agricultural,
Mr. Donegani was instrumental in inaugurating Ashbourne
branch of the Derbyshire Dairy Farmers' Association,
being chairman for the first nine years of its existence.
He was the pioneer of the Dove Dale Sheep Dog Trials, and
was an exhibitor at Ashbourne Agricultural Show when it
was quite a small affair. When he left the District in
1882 a banquet in his honour
"was given at the Green Man Hotel, Ashbourne, and
he was presented with a purse of gold.
After leaving Ashbourne Mr. Donegani farmed at Brightgate,
Bonsall, "but a few years later he moved to Matlock
Bath, where he commenced to take a keen interest in local
affairs. He was elected a member of the old Matlock Bath
Urban Council, on which he served for 25 years, and for
a considerable time he was chairman of the Finance Committee.
A keen Conservative, Mr. Donegani was president of Matlock
Bath Unionist League at the time of his death, and he was
formerly the president and secretary to the local Conservative
Club. He was election agent to Lord Kerry and later to
the Marquess of Hartington at Matlock Bath. His other activities
included a sidesman at the Parish Church, and a member
of the Matlock Bath Bowling Club".
"Mr. Donegani and his father held a somewhat unique
position in the Masonic world. His father was a member
of the 4th Dragoon Guards Lodge, Yorks., so far back as
1817, and between them they held a record of 116 years' unbroken
membership of the craft. Mr. Donegani was worshipful master
of the St. Oswald Lodge, Ashbourne in 1887, and in the
following year he was elected an officer of the Provincial
Pamela and Joseph Francis Donegani had 12 children (one
died in infancy). To celebrate their golden wedding in
1924, "Mr. and Mrs. Donegani made a voyage to Canada
to visit four of their sons, who hold important posts in
the Dominion. Their other son, Mr. Oswald Donegani, is
manager of the Bournemouth Pavilion".
At the funeral service on April 26th 1933 the vicar talked
of "the splendid example Mr. Donegani had set at Matlock
Bath. He was, he said, an exemplary sidesman and he was
always a most conscientious and helpful officer".
1901 Census | Matlock
Bath Business Letterheads | Kelly's
Directory (1908) | Kelly's
Directory (1916) Matlock Bath | MIs | Photos
of Matlock Bath Today (3) | World
War 1 Newspaper Cuttings, 1917 | Matlock
Bath & Scarthin Newspaper Cuttings, 1939 |
Portrait of the DONEGANI
|DOXEY, Eliza Dorothy, nee Howe (1806-1888)
Eliza Dorothy was the daughter of
John Howe and Mary (nee Holmes) of Ashford in the Water.
Mary's death, leaving John with seven children, plus his
failing business as a Tallow-chandler, left him in sore
straits. Below are slightly edited extracts taken from "A
Short Biography of a Derbyshire Woman"
by Eliza's grandson, Alfred Doxey, in 1890 (John Palmer's
Eliza, then only 13, had to face the world in search
of a livelihood. ...
Eliza had many trades: she was a candle maker and deliverer
for her Father when a girl; a domestic servant as a cook
in some good families in Manchester, Nottingham and York;
a maker of Umbrella tops for the noted firm of Pickerings
in Nottingham; a dressmaker when first married; then a
school mistress; then a manufacturer of fustian coats in
Middleton and the old smock frocks which used to be worn
in Derbyshire; a schoolmistress again for nine years in
Rotherham where she had scholars half time from a Mill;
later a trimmer of hosiery for John Smedley at Lea Mills
where she trimmed some red silk Merino shirts for the Exhibition
of 1851. She kept a little shop at Matlock Bank and a Toll
Gate at Wensley. Adaptability to existing requirements
seems to have been a prominent characteristic of her temperament.
Eliza was married to William Doxey at Bradbourne in 1833
and afterwards lived in a very small cottage at Middleton.
... Later she moved to Lea where she looked after the poultry
at the home for her Aunt Mrs. Sims and for which she had
her cottage rent free for 18 years after which she moved
to Matlock. ... William's earnings as a lead miner were
very small and while with Eliza's help and economical management
the home was maintained in comfort, there remained little
or no surplus funds to be devoted to the acquisition of
books and other literature so necessary to one of her tasks
Notwithstanding, she continued to amass a mine of matter
Poetical, literary, and antiquarian. Possessed of a most
tenacious memory and the knack of selecting out matter
most appropriate to any subject under discussion, while
rendering her a dangerous antagonist, furnished a most
enjoyable entertainer, and her society was in consequence
sought by people much more fortunately placed in circumstances.
... Eliza was a Churchwoman and never went to Chapel until
she was about 50 years of age. ... Eliza had a family of
two sons, William and Alfred. In 1890 another Alfred Doxey
wrote about his Grandmother: "My earlier recollections
of her are when keeping the little Toll Bar House at Wensley
near Darley Bridge. ... A Grandfather clock stands in one
corner, an old oak corner chair in another, which chair
after having been handed down through several generations
of Alfred's, now remains in my possession.
A portrait of Miss F. Nightingale hangs on the wall, a
small brass table stands on the secretaire and a stone
box carved by my Uncle Alfred rests on the mantelpiece.
There is the bright oak coat rack, gofering iron, and
miscellaneas assortment of odds and ends characteristic
of an English homestead. Grandfather is seated on the sofa
carefully selecting straws which are then threaded through
the band of his hat to be used for shot-firing at Mill
Close Mine on next shifts.
... Eliza Dorothy died at 11.30 on the night of January
25th 1888 aged 81. ... Her son William writes "She
was a true Theosophist, thinking of others always, never
of self. So she is now reaping what she has sown...good."
census | 1881 census
Transcripts of extracts from
her letters, by John Palmer, are on the
Wirksworth website. She was his 4xg grandmother.
|DOXEY, Walter (1867-1931)
Although not strictly a biography,
the letter below provides an insight into the life and
interests of a Victorian young man.
Letter from Walter to his brother Alfred
May 26th 95
I arrived home all safe & sound on Monday last, my
machine I am pleased to say behaved splendidly on the journey.
I found on examining my machine on Monday before starting
I found the nut that goes on the pin in the clip to seat
stalk was split in four places. I took this to Vick & he
said he would send for another at once. Will you be so
kind as to call sometime when you pass & see if he
has got this for me. He said he thought the other one would
hold till I got home & strange to say it did so falling
in two while I was cleaning my machine next day. I have
fastened it together with the help of a little copper wire & fine
it might last a long time but of course it is a weak point.
I enjoyed my holiday last weekend very much it always feels
so much like coming home to come to your house & I
always feel that I am both comfortable & welcome a
feeling that I am sorry to say does not impress me in most
places I go to visit. However I hope before the summer
is over we may be able to get a good few runs in together.
I had a run to Ashford in the Water last Thursday night
the journey up being against the wind took just 1 hour
of course this was in daylight
& easy riding I rode all over the village had a look
in the church yard etc & then lit up & started
home at a pretty good pace. At exactly 9 o'clock when
I got over Haddon Bridge I found the handles had skidded
about 8 inches out of true this I had to dismount & remedy
but in spite of this & the fact that I had to keep
turning up my lamp to keep it lit & straightening
my handles as I rode I arrived home at exactly 20 minutes
to ten - 9/40 - the journey of 13 or 14 miles taking 40
minutes (what about solids). On Saturday I put two small
pieces of pin steel in the handle clip & in my journey
to Arbor Low in the afternoon over the roughest roads
it has ever been my lot to ride they never gave once being
as straight at the journeys end as at the start. We can
have a talk about the Druidical Remains when you come
over as I must cut this letter short. Father, Eliza, Lucy
and I have been to Via Gellia getting lillies this afternoon
we got quite a nice lot but it is terribly hard work to
the feet. I am writing this while my feet soak in hot
water to get rid of the soreness in my toes. Don't think
I have got gout or if I have it is not mangy gout. Although
I had plum pudding for dinner today I never thought of
this it must have got in my toe ends. But I shall have
to bring my epistle to a close as it is time I went to
roost. We are expecting to see you over this week end
Sat if possible but if you cannot get that day Gerty & William
we expect to see & if you send word what time you
will start on your machine I will try and meet you at
Baslow. But must conclude hoping you are all quite well
we are all pretty & well at home at present I am pleased
to say. So with love hoping to see you all soon
Your affectionate brother,
A photo exists of Walter's bike, which has solid tyres,
fixed wheel and single brake pressing on rear tyre, operated
by pneumatic pipe connecting to rubber bulb under handlebar
Census | 1891 Census
(Walter), living on New Street
| Surnames L
|LOWE, Rev. Adam (1840-1824)
Adam Lowe was born in Salford on 10
December 1840 and was christened at Manchester Cathedral
on 2 Jan 1841. His parents, Joseph and Mary, lived in Gravel
Lane in Salford. Joseph was a Master Milk Seller and both
he and his wife had been born in Derbyshire, at Chapel
en le Frith. Adam was educated at Manchester Cathedral
School. By 1861 he was working as a Warehouseman in Flixton
for his brother in law Adam Stott, a cotton manufacturer.
He then went to Jesus College, Cambridge, graduating with
a B.A. in 1869; his M.A. degree was conferred in June 1873[l1].
He was admitted into Holy Orders at Aukland Castle, Durham,
in 1869; he was initially a Deacon but the following Christmas
was ordained as a Priest[l1].
He became the Curate of Esh in Durham and from there went
He "gave up a well-endowed living ... to undertake
in Matlock, where he arrived in 1877. He conducted services
in the school, which had been erected two years before,
and part of his duties was set about raising money to build
All Saints' Church. He was to be the first Vicar of the
new church on Matlock Bank.
Amongst the Ecclesiastic Appointments listed in "The
Times" in January, 1885 was the Rev. Adam
Lowe, incumbent of Holy Trinity [sic], Matlock
Bank. In June 1886 he was granted a Licence to a Perpetual
Curacy, with his Patron being the Bishop of Southwell.
He was not the only member of his family in Holy Orders.
One of his brothers, Joseph, was the Vicar of Haltwhistle,
Rev. Lowe did not marry. He retired in 1911 and died in
Matlock in 1924. He was buried at St. Giles'.
Churches & Chapels | 1881
census | 1891 census |
|LUDLAM, William (-1655)
"William Ludlam, of Matlock, Derbyshire, England, came
to America about the year 1640, landing at Boston or Lynn,
Mass. Settled at Southampton, L.I., and was a miller and
farmer there. He purchased the mill at Watermill, Southampton,
in 1652. It was owned by his descendants until 1733. He died
at Southampton in 1665, and was buried there. His Will was
the first Will recorded in the Surrogate's Office in New
York City. It was dated April 27, 1665, was proved June 7,
1665, and recorded October 5, 1665. He married Clemence"[l3].
According to another source "The earliest established
date for the family in America was 1648, when in July
his [William's] eldest two children arrived in the ship
Triall." William's brother in law, Robert Fordham
of Hertfordshire, had left England some years before
and it is believed William emigrated after his wife,
Clemence, died in 1647 [sic], arriving in Boston in 1647.
William's descendants live in the USA[l4].
Clemence's burial was recorded in Matlock's register
on 16 Aug 1646.
| Surnames M
|MAWE, John (b. 1764-d. London, 26 Oct
The life of the famous mineralogist
was not without drama and Mawe spent 15 years at sea as
a young man but, at the end of the eighteenth century,
he toured many mines in both England and Scotland and collected
minerals for the King of Spain. Imprisoned as an English
spy in Montevideo (1805-6) he then visited the Brazilian
diamond mines (1809-10). On his return to London in 1811
he opened his first shop in the Strand and became a well
known practical mineralogist. He also joined Messrs. Brown & Sons
of Derby as a partner - they had bought a house in Matlock
Bath around 1810 which Mawe subsequently purchased from
them. Mawe's original museum in Matlock Bath was on South
Parade, in the house that has a very large bay window and
had earlier been part of an hotel (though the window wasn't
there at the time of the hotel). In 1835 his stock, of
expensive items, was large and included
" a fine assortment of Derbyshire spar and marble ornaments
after the most approved antique shapes, executed in the
best of styles by Derbyshire workmen, copies of the obelisks
of Rameses and Cleopatra ...". Marble
turning was in its prime at that time. Mawe gave lessons
in mineralogy and published a book on precious stones. After
his death his widow (Brown's daughter) took over the business.
It was first managed by Mr. Vallance and then by Mr. Adam,
the author of "Gem of the
Peak", who then
purchased the premises. Mawe is buried at St. Mary in the
Strand, London and commemorated on a memorial at Castleton.
from "Gem of the Peak" | Public
Notices & Announcements, 1832 | Matlock
Names in the London Gazette - 1818
|MUMFORD, Ann (1831-1876)
The youngest child of Benjamin Bryan
snr. by his first wife, Mary Bown, Ann was born in Matlock
Bath. In 1850 Ann gave birth to an
illegitimate daughter named Matilda (see
baptism, 1850) who died at Steeple Grange, Wirksworth
in 1852. She then married Andrew Stevens, a Steam Power
Engineer, in 1853 at Penzance, Cornwall. By the end of
that year she arrived, with her husband, at The Burra copper
mines in South Australia. In the grim, hot and God forsaken
copper mining town she befriended a shepherd by the name
of John Johnson and deserted her husband. She and John
Johnson, who was from Hamburg in Germany, headed for the
Victorian gold fields where she had two children by him
before they, too, separated. Ann then met Frederick Walter
Mumford, who was from Essex, and had three more children
before she died - as Ann Mumford - in 1876 at Sandhurst
in Victoria, today named Bendigo. Her husband, Andrew,
predeceased her in 1873 at Kadina in South Australia.
On this page see: Surnames B : BRYAN;
BRYAN, Benjamin Snr.; BRYAN, Benjamin Jnr.
|NEWNES, Sir George (1851-1910)
The founder of the weekly "Tit-Bits" journal
was born at Glenorchy House, Matlock Bath. His father was
the Independent Minister Thomas Mold Newnes and his mother
was Sarah (nee) Unquart. One month old George and five
of his siblings, some of whom were later interred at St.
Giles, can be found living with their parents in the 1851
census. The family moved away, but some of them returned
to Matlock before 1881, by which time George was married
and living in Stretford, LAN with his wife Priscilla (nee
Hillyard) and their two sons.
At the time of the census he was running an "Eating
House" and was described as a Restaurant Proprietor
Employing 12 Women and 1 Boy. It was not long after then,
having scraped together some money, that he produced
the first "Tit-Bits"
paper in the October of that year. Unbelievably, he sold
5,000 copies in under two hours, a notable achievement.
The paper became extremely popular and Newnes moved his
offices to London.
George had been at school in Wakefield with William Thomas
Stead, who was later to perish on the Titanic. It was Stead's
suggestion that Newnes brought out the "Review
of Reviews" in
1890 and Stead was his editor, but the two parted company
not long afterwards. Newnes then became involved with the "Strand"
magazine and later the "Westminster Gazette",
along with other publications the most noteworthy of which
is probably "Country Life". He'd become
a Liberal M.P. in 1885 and he represented Newmarket for
ten years, later representing Swansea from 1900-1910. He
was knighted in 1895.
He hadn't forgotten his birthplace and became involved
with forming the limited company for and then building
the cable car which ran up Bank Road. He "bought out
the other shareholders and presented the tramway and its
belongings to the local Urban District Council, as representing
the people of Matlock".
This was in 1898 and the tramway continued to run until
1927. Newnes died at Lynton, Devon, where he'd already
built a cliff railway prior before becoming involved
with the project at Matlock.
census | Independent Chapel |
Parents in 1881 | Brother
and sister in 1901 | Strays
Road & the Steep-Gradient Tramway
Florence (12 May 1820-13 Aug 1910) "The
Lady with the Lamp"
|| Florence Nightingale is probably
the most well known of the past inhabitants of the
area, apart from Sir Richard Arkwright. Her great determination
and total dedication to her profession completely
changed the quality of nursing care in Britain and
the British Army. She is regarded as one of Britain's
greatest heroines and her life has been well documented.
The younger of two sisters, daughters of William Edward
Shore Nightingale and his wife Fanny, Florence was named
after the city where she was born.
Florence's father descended from his great grandfather
Peter Nightingale, a Derbyshire lead merchant and yeoman
(see below) through the female line. When his great uncle,
also called Peter Nightingale, died unmarried and without
a male heir in 1803 he changed his surname to that of Nightingale.
"The Nightingale family has long resided at Lea Hurst;
previously they were at Wood End and Lea Hall".
family lived at Lea Hall, on the edge of the
parish, until Florence was about five years old. They then
moved to Lea Hurst. The family later only used the
house during the summer - too cold otherwise, too small
and too remote for Mrs. Nightingale, though Florence loved
Florence was well educated as a girl and began hospital
visiting in 1844. She trained as a nurse at Kaiserwerth
on the Rhine and was appointed a nursing superintendent
at the Hospital for Invalid Gentlewomen in London in 1853.
The hospital was later renamed and became the Florence
Nightingale Hospital for Gentlewomen.
At the outbreak of the Crimean war (1854-6), having learned
of the terrible conditions at the hospital at Scutari,
Florence gathered together a band of ladies and went to
help. They found that even the most basic sanitation was
nonexistent and the food storage was disgraceful. The women,
with Florence leading them, transformed the hospital by
sheer hard work and perseverance but it took a long time
to do and some of them also succumbed to disease (cholera,
dysentery and typhus) as well as frostbite. Florence herself,
assisted by orderlies, tended the wounded at night, which
is how she was given the affectionate title of "The
Lady with the Lamp". In Derby, near the Royal Infirmary,
there is a white marble statue of her dressed as she would
have been in the Crimea and carrying a lighted torch.
She returned to Derbyshire in August 1856. "One summer's
day in 1856 a lady left a convent on the banks of the Thames,
took a train to the nearest station to Holloway, and walked
from the station to her home. She was unattended and hardly
expected when she opened the door of Lea Hurst to reveal
herself to the astonished household. She was Florence Nightingale
home again. ... She was the most talked of woman in Europe[n1]".
At the end of the Crimean War Matlock Bath and Cromford
residents celebrated with a parade "down Water Lane,
returning by Scarthen-row, and by Scarthen Tors, through
Matlock Bath to the Railway Bridge and passed by the Old
Bath Royal Hotel". Amongst all the banners was an
effigy of Florence Nightingale to express local admiration "for
that excellent lady"[n2].
Goodness knows what Florence made of it. There were similar
celebrations in Matlock Town. "From the great number
of children and women of the neighbourhood of Matlock,
tea, plum-cake, buns and bread and butter could only be
thought of, which was most abundantly provided"[n2].
A fund was set up and, as a result of the money raised,
the Nightingale School for Nurses at St. Thomas' Hospital,
London was established. As a result of her Crimea work,
and her later interest in the British Army in India, living
conditions for those in the Army improved enormously. She
received several awards for her work and was the first
woman to receive the Order of Merit. On 16 March, 1908
she received the honorary freedom of the City of London,
something almost unheard of for a woman to have been awarded
at that time[n3].
There have been a number of books written about Florence
Nightingale and some question the success of her work in
the Crimea. Two biographies with good illustrations are:
- Huxley, Elspeth (1975) "Florence Nightingale"
Weidenfeld and Nicholson, London ISBN 0 296 76771 2
- Small, Hugh (1998) "Florence Nightingale Avenging
Angel" Constable and Company Limited, London ISBN
of Nightingale | Coat of
Arms | Dethick,
Lea and Holloway (Kelly's 1891 Directory)
Nightingale as a young woman | Florence
Nightingale's Balcony, Lea-Hurst, Nr. Matlock
|NIGHTINGALE, Peter (d. 2 Feb 1763)
A lead merchant and yeoman and the
2 x great grandfather of Miss Florence Nightingale. He
married three times; his third wife was Elizabeth Dodd,
a widow, whom he married on 9 Aug 1757 at South Wingfield.
was buried at Ashover on 5 Feb 1763. His first wife Anne
(nee Cheetham) had been interred there on 18 Apr 1742.
Three of their children are also buried there: Eliner (bu
1741), Thomas (bu 1755) and Peter (see below), none of
whom married. Peter's daughter Anne was the only child
to marry and have legitimate heirs.
References to Peter Nightingale,
and assumed to be Peter Nightingale the elder because of
the date, in the Woolley manuscripts: 6668
| 6681 | 6683
of Nightingale | Coat of Arms |
|NIGHTINGALE, Peter (1736-1803)
The younger Peter Nightingale, son
of Peter and his first wife Anne, was the great great uncle
of Miss Florence Nightingale. He became High-Sheriff of
Derbyshire in 1770.
"The Nightingales and their successors have been
landed proprietors in the parish since 1771" when
Peter Nightingale bought an estate called "the Coumbs
and Bough or Bow Woods" ... and the manor of Wakebridge,
He built a mill at Lea about 1783 which was taken over
by the Smedley family in 1807 and Nightingale's mill is
still producing knitwear. It was when Peter Nightingale
was recruiting workers for the mill that he first fell
out with Richard Arkwright and was accused of "seducing
and employing a Manufacturer" from
Cromford and at Matlock Bath was ordered to pay twenty
guineas in damages and costs[n4].
He seems to have poached a man called Benjamin Pearson,
who was trusted by Arkwright, but their partnership was
dissolved in 1785[n5].
In 1785 he was the defendant in a case at the Court of
Common Pleas, London regarding a carding patent; the plaintiff
was Sir Richard Arkwright, who won the case. Peter Nightingale
was "one of the proprietors of Cromford Sough" and "this
eccentric sporting squire, known throughout the county
as 'Mad Peter Nightingale' had gained notoriety as a dare-devil
horseman, a rider in midnight steeplechases and a layer
of wagers, given to hard drinking and low company"[n4].
He died at Wood-End
on 25 June 1803 and was buried at Ashover on 29 June alongside
his parents and other family members. He was unmarried,
although he had at least one illegitimate child - Mary
Browne who married James Sweetenham.
References to Peter Nightingale in the Woolley manuscripts:
f.139 | 6670
f.232 (2 folios) - 233 | 6673
| 6679 ff.1-4
| 6684 ff.109d-112 | 6707
of Nightingale | Coat of Arms | Wills |
|NUTTALL, George (1802-1856)
Like his father and grandfather
before him, George Nuttall was a Land Agent. He was the
only child of George and Mary Nuttall, his mother being
a daughter of Dr. Stephen Melland of Youlgreave. George
was a wealthy man and owned, amongst other things, the
Cawdor Quarry (the Megdale estate). He had lived with his
mother for many years though census returns in his lifetime
show him living on Matlock Green whilst his mother lived
at The Firs, now Matlock library.
Towards the end of his life he was clearly
not a well man
as he had what was referred to as both a chronic abscess
and a tumour at the base of his spine at the time he drew
up the first Will in September 1854. He was seen by first
Dr. Adams and then Dr. Chinery not long before he died
Settlement of his estate took some years because of the
discovery of additional codicils to his Will and it was
not resolved until 1864. What became known as "The
Great Matlock Will Case" was
heard at the Court of the Queens Bench, Guildhall, London;
the case was to decide whether or not three codicils that
had been found were or were not forgeries.
The press of the time had a field day and some of the
speculation and character assassination that was rife then
has stuck. Whatever one's opinion of the case itself might
be, there is no evidence that George Nuttall and his housekeeper,
Catherine Marsden, had any children and the Marsdens named
in George's Will were clearly defined as his housekeeper's
After all, why would someone go to great lengths to identify
the illegitimate son of his own father in his Will yet
not acknowledge any children he himself might have had?
It was an additional complication that the main beneficiary
of the actual Will, George's second cousin John Nuttall,
had died in France shortly after George.
A report of the first court case in "The Derby
Mercury" in 1859 said George had settled in
Matlock some 28 years before, as his grandfather lived
there. "He had houses and land in Bonsall, Matlock,
Snitterton and other places. Towards the end of his life
he ceased working as a surveyor, instead being occupied
with parish affairs as Surveyor of the highways".
As far as his character was concerned, Mr. Macauley,
the Q.C., described him as benevolent[n6].
He had helped John Else when the latter was a boy, teaching
him accounts, and generally advancing the young man's career;
Else married Eliza Marsden.
Although not a lawyer himself, George would help people
he knew with their Wills, and his "personal
and intimate"[n6] friend
Mr. Newbold, who had known him since 1820 and managed his
business affairs for many years, would supply him with
skeleton Wills. At the first court case hearing Newbold
described George as "strong minded
George was buried at Youlgreave, alongside other members
of his family.
census | 1851 census | NUTTALL
pedigree - George was the main contributor.
Great Matlock Will Case - Court Report
Great Matlock Will Case - 100th anniversary newspaper
This case was not solved immediately.
See the onsite extracts from the London Gazette in 1872 and 1893
|NUTTALL, John (1745-1833)
He was a Land Agent in Matlock and
Commissioner of Inclosures. He was appointed in 1780 by
Peter Nightingale, John Woolley and others to be the arbitrator
for the enclosure of land, John Nuttall
"acted repeatedly for settling claims under the Inclosure
Acts and .. [was said] to have given general satisfaction".
In this role he placed advertisements in local newspapers
announcing when and where the hearing would take place to
ascertain the boundaries of a particular town or village.
Petitions from claimants would be heard and the land would
be valued. He also acted as a referee in cases where land
sales might be disputed. One such case was the sale of the
Marquess of Ormonde's estates in 1824, reported in "The
John was one of the sons of Thomas Nuttall of Birchover,
the illegitimate son of Thomas Eyre of Rowtor. He married
Elizabeth Rouse and although the couple had six children,
only one son, George, survived childhood. George was to
follow in his father's footsteps, as did his grandson,
also George (see George above). John Nuttall died at Matlock
on 22 May 1833 and was interred at Youlgreave.
|PETERS, Charles Augustus (26 November
1838-18 January 1904)
A son of David Peters of Elberfeld,
Germany, he arrived in England in 1861 and was initially
employed at Bradford. He then joined his brother and sister
in law as elastic web manufacturers, silk throwsters and
general merchants at an extensive works on City Road, Derby
and became the head of the firm Messrs. Peters, Bartsch & Co.,
Manufacturers and Merchants[p1].
The company was later described as "foreign
exporters", of Tenant-street. Derby. Following his
brother-in-law's death the partnership dissolved in 1902
and became Messrs. C. A. Peters, Ltd.[p2]
Charles Peters was an able linguist and took steps to become naturalised.
He and his wife Rachel (nee Spence) moved from Borrowash
to Guilderoy in Matlock Bath in 1880 and involved themselves
in local affairs[p3].
He became a member and then Chairman of the Local Board,
was a generous subscriber to local charities, and was a Life
Governor the Derby and Derbyshire Royal Infirmary, a member
of the Board Management of the Derby
and Derbyshire Convalescent Home at Matlock Bank, and
patron of many other philanthropic societies. He was responsible
for the Pavilion and Gardens Scheme in Matlock Bath, the
acquisition of the Jubilee Promenade and the
rescue of Artists' Corner[p1].
The Peters were well thought of in the village and in
1888 they were presented with a solid silver table centrepiece,
specially manufactured by Elkington and Co. of Birmingham, "on
the occasion of their silver wedding as a token of esteem,
and in recognition of their efforts for the welfare of Matlock
Bath – June 5th, 1888"[p4].
The couple left Matlock Bath at the end of 1893; a Complimentary
Banquet was held in Mr. Peters' honour at the New Bath
Hotel, with Mr. Arkwright J.P. presiding, where he was praised
and thanked for all he had done[p5].
Rachel and Charles Peters returned to the Derby area, moving
first to Ason on Trent, and he died at Nunsfield, Boulton
His ashes were interred at Duffield. Sadly for him, about
a year before his death he became ill and it was thought
he would lose his eyesight, so he spent a quite a lot of
time in a darkened room[p1].
His wife survived him, and died in 1910.
Mr. Peters was at Guilderoy in the
1881 census | the 1891
census. He was also listed in Kelly's
1891 Directory and was on
the Local Board in the same year.
of his company's products was used at St. Giles'.
Derby General Infirmary - Fundraising in May, 1891.
Mr. Rawlinson was born in 1769 and
lived in Derby before moving to Matlock Bath.
He was an English portrait painter but only once exhibited
at the Royal Academy, London; this was in 1799
when he exhibited a painting of an old woman knitting.
His portrait of Erasmus Darwin "has been well engraved
by Heath"[r1]. He
also painted landscapes. "In 1822 he published an
album of Derbyshire views. He produced lithographs after
drawings by his daughter, Eliza, with whom he visited Italy
in 1829. His work is atmospheric but technically unaccomplished[r2].
An obituary notice published in "The Liverpool
8 August, 1848 said he died on "July 25, at Belmont-cottage,
Matlock Bath, James Rawlinson, Esq., artist, aged 79 years.
He was a pupil of the late celebrated George Romney, and
one of the few remaining artists who were contemporary
with Sir Joshua Reynolds". In 1849 his daughter
Eliza commissioned a memorial from the sculptor J. Loft
which was erected in All Saints' Church, Derby.
in Adam's "Gem of the Peak"
Census for Matlock Bath | MI
Trade Directory entries: Brewer
1823/4 | Glover 1827/8/9 | Pigot
1828-9 | Pigot 1831 | Pigot
1842 | Bagshaw 1846
See Pre-1858 Wills info, Surnames
|RAYNER, Louise J* (1832-8 Oct 1924)
Louise or Louisa was one of the six
daughters of the Victorian watercolour painter Samuel Rayner
and his wife Anne (nee Manser) and was born in Matlock
Bath on 21 Jun 1832. She was baptized in London at the
Newman Street Catholic Apostolic in Saint Marylebone on
8 Feb 1835, together with her slightly younger sister Frances.
The girls and their brother Richard Manser Rayner would
have been surrounded by the artist friends and acquaintances
of their parents, and it isn't too surprising that they
all were pupils of their father and all but one became
artists in their own right. The eldest, Nancy, was elected
as an associate of the Water Colour Society but died of
consumption in 1855.
By 1881 Louise had been living in the City of Chester
for eleven or twelve years; she was boarding with Robert
Shearing, a retired chemist, and his wife Mary Ann at
2 Ash Grove and described as a Water Colour Artist (Painter).
Her sister Margaret was also earning her living as a
watercolour artist, but was living in New Windsor with
her mother and Frances, by now Mrs. Coppinger, was lodging
nearby and describing herself as an Artist Painter. Brother
Richard was in Gomshall, Surrey, though later moved to
Orpington in Kent. Another sister, Rose (Rhoda), exhibited
last in 1866[r3].
After their mother Anne died in 1890 Margaret went to
live with Louise and the sisters taught watercolour drawing
in Chester. They later moved to Tunbridge Wells
and Louise spent the last four years of her life at St
Leonard's in Sussex.
Chester featured in quite a few of her paintings though
Louise travelled around Britain, and the subjects she chose
were the old buildings and churches she visited, and the
landscapes and street scenes she saw. She also visited
France. A few early works, such as "The Interior of
were executed in oil but the majority were watercolours.
She exhibited in both London, where she'd begun exhibiting
and in galleries in several British cities. Fisher[r4] says
she exhibited 91 works, including 31 at the Royal Academy.
her output as considerable though she "duplicated
many of her works".
The Bridgeman Art Library has examples of the work of
both Louisa and her father, including a watercolour of
Irongate, Derby. Sothebys list a record price paid for
one of her paintings at a sale in recent years.
Strays | South Parade, from a sketch by Samuel Rayner,
Art Library (an external link, use their "Search")
There are two other main that are are very informative
on this little recognized artist and a "must" to
been considerably enlarged to include
a great deal of information about the
Rayner family, including a lovely engraving
of Matlock Bath on black marble done
by Louise's mother, Anne.
*Originally named Louisa Ingram Rayner
Shelmerdine was the Presbyterian
Minister who held the living at Matlock 1654-62 in the
aftermath of the English Civil War. A Lancastrian by birth,
he was educated at Christ College, Cambridge. Before coming
to Matlock he had previously been a minister at Crich.
The Parliamentary Commissioners Report of 1650 describes "Mr.
Thomas Shelmardine, able and honest"[s1]. "He
was a Man very Cheerful in converse. A kind Husband to
an Holy but very Melancholy Wife. ... He remov'd thence
[i.e. from Matlock] when he was Silenc'd to a dwelling
at Wirksworth, when he did not long survive"[s2].
Rectors | Strays
|SMEDLEY, John (1803-1874)
||His influence on the town of Matlock,
with the building of his hydro and then his castle at
Riber as well as six churches in the area, was enormous.
There is a great deal of information already on this
site, so there is no short biography about him on this
Selection of pages that mention John Smedley:
Lea Mills, Derbyshire
Water Cures Includes
an engraving of Mr. Smedley's tent, where his employees
for Hydro, 1869
Was Red Tape at Smedley's Hydro Then"
Enduring Folly of Riber Castle
shows concern about an employee (newspaper report of 1872)
and Nineteenth Century Images Includes five pages of
mid 19th century images from John Smedley's "Practical
and Twenty First Century, Matlock Includes postcards
and an advertisement published in "The Derbyshire
|SMITH, Job (1841-1907)
||Job, a son of George and Rachel Smith
of Matlock Bank (see
baptism), was the proprietor of Malvern House Hydro*,
where he was born and died. Although in residence in Malvern
House he did not buy the property until 1886 when it
was auctioned at the Crown Hotel. He applied for a full
license to his premises at the Brewster Sessions in the
summer of 1887 but his application was opposed by
both Smedley's and local publicans and was refused[s3].
He was very involved in public life
but is probably remembered most for his contribution to "the
steepest tramway in the world", having worked diligently
to bring a tramway to the town.
He had been employed by Smedley's before 1862, but then
roamed the world for six years "from China to Peru".
It was on these travels that he saw the San Francisco system
and realised the potential for Matlock Bank. He mentioned
the idea to John Smedley when he got home, but Smedley
wasn't interested. Job didn't forget the idea, resurrecting
it again in late 1884 and the idea eventually took off
when Sir George Newnes was prepared to provide financial
Job was the Managing Director of Matlock Cable Tramway
Company, a Director of the Gas Works, Chairman of Matlock
Waterworks, Chairman of the Social Institute and of the
High Tor Recreation Grounds. He served on the Local Board
and was the Chairman for eleven years. The town was not
ungrateful and in February 1893 a complimentary banquet
was given in the Assembly Room in recognition of his services
as Local Board Chairman over the previous 10 years. Mr.
Arkwright presented him with an illuminated address, a
gold watch and a 130oz. solid silver tea urn[s4].
He subsequently served on Matlock Urban District Council
and its various committees for many years and became chairman
(Kelly's 1904 Directory), overseeing important changes
to the town including the widening of the County Bridge
and the purchase of the Hall Leys. He also represented
Matlock on the County Council.
He was one of the committee formed to build the new church
on Matlock Bank (All Saints') and by August 1882 they had
raised over £2,000. Job was the first church warden
at All Saints', serving the church for 22 years. Four coloured
windows were installed in his memory, with money raised
by public subscription. He was also the Manager of All
His commitment to public life was immense. He became
a director of several non-Matlock companies,including
the Hathersage Gas Company,
was a member of the Bakewell Board of Guardians, a member
of the Whitworth Hospital Board, a member of the Almshouses
at Matlock Bank, a trustee of the Educational Boards and
on the political side was a
member of Matlock Conservative Clubs5].
Job never married. He can be picked out
in many old photographs of Matlock as he invariably wore
a stetson hat.
born in 1841 | 1851 census | 1861
census | 1871 census | 1891
census | 1901 census
Names in 19th C Lists (see County Council)
Road & the Steep-Gradient Tramway
*Malvern House (ref in Kelly 1900) on Smedley Street was
formerly the Horse and Jockey pub, which Job ran as a
hydro, was eventually purchased by Smedley's as staff accommodation
and is now flats[s6].
|UTTLEY, Alison (17 December 1884 -1976)
Memories of her childhood, spent at
Castle Top Farm, were the inspiration for the animal tales
invented by Alison Uttley to amuse her son. Her delightful
children's books, illustrated by Margaret Tempest, became
familiar and well loved tales in very many households.
The animal characters were in such wonderful children's
stories as "The Little Grey Rabbit", "Sam
Pig" and "Fuzzypeg".
Alice Jane Taylor was born at Castle Top Farm "on
a Saturday ... a week before Christmas", the daughter
of Henry Taylor and his second wife Hannah (nee Dickens).
Many generations of the Taylor family had lived at Castle
Top Farm, which is within the parish of Matlock, and
their baptisms and burials are in the church records.
Alice was a clever girl; she was educated at home and
then at the village school across the fields at Lea. She
found that she had to write on a slate with a pencil at
school, instead of using paper and her quill pen. At the
age of thirteen she won a scholarship to Lady Manner's
Grammar School, Bakewell. She would catch the milk train
from Cromford Station, just down the road from the farm.
After Lady Manners she went on to Manchester University
where she gained an Honours Degree in Physics. This was
followed by a further year studying in Cambridge where
she qualified to become a teacher. She later became active
in the Suffragette Movement.
She'd met her scientist husband, James Uttley, whilst
at Manchester and they married in 1911; they had one son.
Her writing talents weren't properly developed until after
her husband's death in 1930 when she needed an income to
support both herself and her son. She'd begun to write
before this, but James didn't really encourage her. However, "The
Country Child" was published in 1931 and she published
over 100 books in total. Although she never went back to
live at Castle Top, she describes Cromford, the village
and country life of Derbyshire that she'd observed, as
well as her schooling, in her books. "A Traveller
in Time" is based on the Babington Plot to free
Mary Queen of Scots; Anthony Babington had owned property
in the nearby Dethick and Wingfield Manor, where Mary Queen
of Scots had been imprisoned, wasn't too far away. "High
Meadows" is set at the nearby High Leas Farm.
Alison believed in the supernatural and in her book "When
All is Done" there are ghosts are part of the
plot. Her books for adults provide a very useful insight
into nineteenth and century farm life and she had a very
strong awareness of history, with all kinds of snippets
interwoven into her stories. She spent her later life living
in rural Buckinghamshire.
registers | Census returns
and Trade directory transcripts
see the 1901 census transcript on this web site
- Alice Taylor 16
|WALKER, George Wigley (1803-1873)
On 6 Oct 1851 a Public Meeting of
Miners, Persons interested in Mines and Landowners was
held in the Moot Hall, Wirksworth; amongst those present
was Mr Geo. Walker (Matlock). The meeting's agenda was
discussion of the Mineral Laws and Customs in preparation
for forthcoming Parliamentary legislation. A committee
was appointed for the purpose of introducing the Bill to
Amend the Mining Laws and George Walker's name was included
amongst the committee members[w1].
George was a lead miner and later acted as an agent for
the Moletrap or Bullistree (Bullistre / Bullistrey) Lead
held by Stuart Flint show he was a co-owner and partner
of the Bullestree and Moletrap Lead Mines in the 1840s,
together with his brothers William and Joseph (Stuart's
great grandfather) although Joseph was a silent partner.
The mines were on the same raike as the Wapping Mine. The
Moletrap Mine was on the opposite bank of the River Derwent
to Masson Mill, behind Willersley Castle, whereas the Bullistree
Mine is where Cromford Railway Station was built; the mounds
of the mine are still visible off Willersley Lane. Seams
from Moletrap mine ran into Bullistree[w3].
In 1847 the sale of two twenty-fourth shares in the Bullistre
and Moletrap Lead Mines was advertised; the mines were "situate
in the Liberty of Matlock, near Cromford Bridge in the Wapentake
of Wirksworth". The lot was described as an "improving
property" and one of solicitors was a Mr. Mawe. There
was a further sale in 1853, this time of one twenty-fourth
share in the Bullistrey and Moletrap Mine, near Cromford
Bridge. The share was to be sold with a proportionate share
of the steam engine, mining plant and other material. "...
the mine has recently realised upwards of One Hundred Loads
of Ore at a reckoning". In 1868 applications for sale
particulars of the Mole Trap Mine and Plant were directed
to George Walker of Belle Vue Cottage[w4].
The three brothers, George Wigley, William and Joseph,
were sons of William and Catherine Walker (nee Wigley)
of Bolehill. George, their eldest son, was born at Bonsall
on 25 March 1803 and baptised at St. James' Church on 24
July 1803. A sister, Sarah, married William Smith; Smith
was employed by Mr. Gilbert as a gardener at the Heights
of Abraham and the Botanical Gardens in the 1830s when
a lead miner attempted to dig up the Gardens (see Lead
George married Lydia Maskrey at Wirksworth on 16 Sep 1828.
Lydia, the daughter of Joseph and Mary Maskrey, had been
baptised at Wirksworth on New Year's Day 1808. The couple
lived at several addresses in Matlock Bath, including Alpine
Cottage and Belle Vue Cottage. They did not have any children.
George Wigley Walker was buried on 1 Aug 1873 at Matlock
Bath Holy Trinity where he had been a sidesman[w3], aged 70;
Lydia outlived her husband and was buried on 30 Jun 1890,
also at Holy Trinity.
Census | 1851 Census | 1861
Census | 1871 Census | 1881
MI | Wills
| Selection of biographies elsewhere on this web site
COOK, Harold J
HODGKINSON, L & M
POTTER, JA & family
& Marian E
Still not here? Use Find
a Name to locate them
There are biographical notes about the Rectors
of Matlock Parish Church (see footnotes)
There are also biographical notes about the Pastors
of the Congregational Church, where known)
Unless specifically stated, research by and biographies written
by Ann Andrews.
With very grateful thanks to those named below, without whom
some of the information would not be available. All material
is the copyright of the individual contributor and their permission
should be sought before further publication.
Bates, David - for all his help and enthusiasm re the Cumming family.
He has found material about the family on the Isle of Man, at North
Runcton, in Rome and in the United States.
Donegani, Douglas - for all his help with the surname Donegani, both in the U.K.
and in Canada.
Fitton, John - for some information about John Bowne of Long Island
Ludlam, Bill - information about William Ludlam
Ludlam, Stuart D.
Mawson, Valerie for her input on Alison Uttley
Palmer, John for providing the Doxey information
Retz, Dieter - provided all the information about Ann Mumford (nee Bryan) and
some about her family. See the book, "My Moreland Family", by Pamela
Marion Retz. There's an onsite link to his BOWN
and BRYAN information.
If you wish to get in touch with anyone please go to
Contributors & Acknowledgements
 Bryan, Benjamin (1903) "History
of Matlock - Matlock, Manor and Parish" London
& Sons, Limited
[b1] Baillie, G. H.
(1947) "Watchmakers & Clockmakers
of the World, Vol. I" pub. N.A.G. Press Ltd., London.
ISBN 7198 0040 4.
[b2] Loomes. B. (1976) "Watchmakers &
Clockmakers of the World, Vol. II" pub.
N.A.G. Press Ltd., London. ISBN 7198 0080 3.
[b3] "The Derby
Mercury", Wednesday, 25 July, 1860.
[c1] The Cubley family were living in Kirkgate,
Newark in the 1861 census. In 1871 Cubley's father's occupation
was given as House Painter and Picture Dealer. 1881 census: Cubley
was given as married, although no marriage has been found in research
to date. It is possible that the enumerator made a mistake as the
Condition for his sister in the entry immediately below his was
altered and it is possible the Enumerator initially entered the
brother and sister as man and wife.
[c2] BMD information for the Cubley's
is from GRO indexes - Marriages (Q3 1886, CUBLEY Henry Hadfield
Wolverhampton 6b 652). The marriage was also announced in "The
Derby Mercury", 22 September, 1886. Baptisms extracted
from church records. Various years for his death are given
on the Internet, including 1925, 1930 and 1934. His death is recorded
in GRO indexes - Q2 1834 CUBLEY Henry H 75 Congleton 8a 371. No Will
has been found.GRO death indexes show Gladys was born at Matlock
Bath on 30 June 1887.
[c3] These figures have been researched
for the web mistress by Ken Smith who checked postcards of Cubley's
paintings in his private collection.
[c4] "Kelly's Directory of Staffordshire,
1912" gives his address as Hillcrest, Longsdon and the Misses
Cubley were possibly at Derby Road, Burton on Trent.
[c5] Old Bath to let, "The Derby
Mercury", Thursday, 11 September, 1806; JN Cumming's
announcement of occupancy "The
Derby Mercury", 12 February, 1807; death of JNC "Liverpool
Mercury" Friday, 28 April, 1820; death of Mrs. Mary Cumming
"The Derby Mercury", Wednesday, 26 January, 1842.
[c6] From David Bates.
[c7] Cumming/Comyn family papers from
[c8] Records of Sun Fire Office [MS 11936/538/1148689]
18 January 1833.
[c9] "The Derby
Wednesday, 18 October, 1837.
[c10] Notice of M.A.: "The Standard",
Saturday, 16 December, 1837. General ordination held at Peterborough,
when admitted to Holy Orders, from "The
Wednesday, 6 May, 1835.
[c11] "The Derby Mercury",
Wednesday, July 7, 1841.
[c12] "The Times", Tuesday,
6 Oct, 1863.
Middlesex Sessions, Oct. 5.
[c13] "The Derby Mercury",
Wednesday, 7 November, 1866.
[c14] "The Bury
and Norwich Post: Or Suffolk, Essex, Cambridge, Ely, and Norfolk
Telegraph", Wednesday, 17 March,
[c15] Transcript corrected Jun 2010 with
the help of The Revd John Drackley (author of the Church Guide
2006) to whom I am also very grateful.
[d1] Extracts from the obituary notice
for Joseph Francis Donegani, "The High Peak News",
28 April, 1933, provided by Douglas Donegani.
[l1] References to Adam Lowe extracted from census
returns and various newspapers not already mentioned in the text,
including "The York Herald", "The Leeds
Mercury" and "The Bury and Norwich Post, and
[l2] Mitchell, Ian (2000) "A
History of All Saints' Church Matlock Bank (1876-2000)",
pub. All Saints' PCC
[l3] Taken from: "A Genealogy of the Descendants
of William Ludlam of Southampton, Long Island". Julia
Parish Ludlam. (1896). American Bank Note Company, 45 pp. plus
index. [Punctuation and capitals as in the original]. (supplied
by Stuart D. Ludlam).
[l4] Taken from: "William Ludlam of Southampton",
Dr. Walter D. Ludlam, Sr., St. Albans, N.Y.
[n1] Mee, Arthur (ed.) (1937) "Derbyshire:
The Peak Country", The King's England Series, Hodder and
Stoughton Limited, London, p.157
[n2] "The Derby Mercury", Wednesday, 4
[n3] "The Times", 17
Mar 1908. Only one other woman had received the honorary freedom
before Florence was honoured.
[n4] Fitton, R. S. (1989) "The
Arkwrights, Spinners of Fortune", Manchester University
Press ISBN 0/7190/2646/6. The description of Peter Nightingale
had come from: Cecil Woodham-Smith (1950), Florence Nightingale,
Gazette", March 28, 1785.
The Partnership between Peter Nightingale, Esq and Mr. Benjamin
Pearson was ... dissolved by mutual Consent.
[n6] "The Derby Mercury",
Wednesday, 3 Aug 1859
[n7] Will of George Nuttall, with one
codicil, proved London 8 May 1856. Second Codicil passed Feb
[p1] Obituary notices in the "Derby
Daily Telegraph", 19 January 1904 and the "Derbyshire
Times and Chesterfield Herald", 23 January 1904
[p2] "Derby Daily Telegraph", 30 April
1902, quoting notice in the "London Gazette".
[p3] Newspaper reports throughout the
Mercury", 06 June 1888.
[p5] "Derby Daily Telegraph", 8 December 1893.
[p6] Calendar of Wills, First Avenue
House, London (now gov.uk).
[r1] Extracted at
the FRC from Bryan's "Painters & Engravers. A Bibliographical
Dictionary of Painters & Engravers" (1925) G. Bell & Sons,
Ltd., London Vol. IV
[r2] Mallalieu H. L. (1976) "Dictionary
of British Water Colour Artists up to 1920" Baron Publishing,
Woodbridge ISBN 0 902028 48 0
[r3] Wood, Christopher (2nd. ed. 1977) "Dictionary
of Victorian Painters" Antique Collectors Club ISBN
0 902028 72 3
[r4] Fisher, Stanley (1977) "A
Dictionary of Water Colour Painters 1750-1900" W. Foulsham & Co.,
Yeovil, ISBN 0-572-00794-9
[r5] Waters, Grant M (1972) "Dictionary
of British Artists Working 1900-1950" Eastbourne Fine Art
[s1] Cox, J. Charles (1877) Vol. II. "Notes
on the Churches of Derbyshire" pub. Chesterfield London
[s2] Calamy's Ejected Ministers ,
[s3] "Derby Daily Telegraph",
31 August 1887. Report on the outcome of the Brewster sessions.
[s4] "The Derby
Mercury", 8 February,
[s5] "Derby Daily Telegraph", 15 May 1907.
[s6] From notes by Julie Bunting. Also
see Taverns and Public Houses in Pigot's
Directory 1831 | Pigot's
Directory 1842 | the 1841 census.
[w1] "The Derby Mercury" Wednesday,
15 October, 1851.
Directory 1864 (Matlock Bath).
[w3] With thanks to Stuart Flint.
[w4] Sale of 2 shares "The
Derby Mercury" 11 August, 1847, advertised over a
period of three weeks; sale of one share "The Derby Mercury", 26 October, 1853;
Sale of Mole Trap Mine and Plant "The Derby Mercury", 10 June, 1868.